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Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 [June]
1 Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 140.00 54.55 325.00 166.67 325.00 60.00 233.33 275.00 75.00 200.00 66.67
2 USA 23.95 41.13 48.21 48.25 43.33 43.98 41.82 42.10 41.39 45.73 42.48 42.81 43.14 47.65 44.09 43.86 50.00
3 Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 100.00 66.67 50.00 100.00 0.00 40.00
4 Taiwan 7.01 9.37 12.39 16.41 20.03 22.67 26.13 22.44 29.19 31.39 28.80 36.67 33.21 35.61 38.61 36.00 36.72
5 Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 83.33 88.89 120.00 33.33 52.94 16.67 25.00 29.09 28.79 32.20 35.82 32.22 33.33
6 South Korea 5.56 10.20 9.75 13.30 19.61 17.97 21.17 18.95 19.09 24.93 22.18 21.53 22.64 23.70 26.53 28.68 32.65
7 Japan 10.77 14.38 16.03 16.91 17.82 18.64 18.33 18.02 21.84 26.88 23.53 27.87 25.93 26.66 28.43 27.48 27.18
8 Switzerland 6.40 10.96 14.53 13.11 15.63 13.64 17.32 18.05 16.22 18.13 15.11 13.70 14.57 19.43 16.27 16.63 22.40
9 Netherlands 4.51 7.57 11.72 12.83 16.09 16.63 17.06 24.10 22.57 27.98 23.28 23.26 19.40 19.41 24.11 17.54 22.15
10 Finland 3.82 5.24 4.90 10.00 7.91 6.72 7.50 6.32 9.45 9.38 7.25 11.46 12.83 12.20 10.57 19.14 18.07
11 Belgium 4.76 8.27 11.78 12.77 13.59 11.53 10.33 10.49 14.46 13.88 14.51 14.82 12.27 13.67 11.82 10.36 16.77
12 Germany 6.12 10.62 14.56 16.10 13.68 15.49 13.72 14.04 14.90 17.36 15.63 14.93 14.30 14.34 13.45 13.34 16.48
World 10.74 17.17 20.00 20.15 18.62 19.00 17.69 17.01 17.03 19.26 17.06 16.86 16.07 15.61 15.91 15.30 16.36
13 France 10.10 10.87 13.53 13.71 10.71 10.79 10.85 10.78 11.00 13.48 14.16 11.52 13.51 14.88 14.05 13.57 15.74
14 Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 7.69 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.27 1.72 13.89
15 Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.27 0.00 3.28 1.39 1.59 0.00 6.31 5.94 10.53
16 Austria 3.96 6.90 3.56 7.78 5.48 9.00 10.11 7.29 7.96 8.61 6.74 8.55 7.55 8.80 7.20 6.50 9.53
17 Canada 9.18 13.56 15.87 14.75 11.07 13.00 7.49 10.28 8.94 10.82 11.73 9.81 9.35 10.13 9.34 10.02 9.31
18 UK 3.04 6.08 5.83 8.64 6.93 6.52 5.40 5.12 6.46 8.40 8.96 7.96 7.91 8.14 8.28 7.91 8.92
19 Saudi Arabia 0.00 12.50 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.68 2.22 2.88 3.74 4.26 5.83 6.19 5.07 5.37 4.89 8.76
20 Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.67 1.09 0.00 0.00 1.04 0.99 0.75 2.92 0.73 5.17 3.45 4.00 8.43
21 Sweden 4.41 5.95 7.75 6.93 7.86 8.40 6.21 7.84 9.78 10.16 9.10 9.80 9.51 10.54 9.47 7.74 8.06
22 Ireland 7.14 7.20 15.89 7.02 11.25 10.15 7.45 13.82 11.05 8.48 7.43 7.79 5.85 9.19 7.44 6.54 6.55
23 Denmark 1.92 8.47 6.31 8.97 10.00 6.41 9.03 11.20 11.06 9.02 8.40 7.94 9.10 5.62 6.75 6.88 6.31
24 Singapore 1.29 5.65 6.72 3.08 4.49 5.38 5.49 5.39 5.33 5.71 6.22 5.25 7.16 5.15 7.26 7.39 6.00
25 Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 18.18 5.88 2.86 8.33 20.00 8.33 10.00 1.52 3.70 5.71 6.35 5.77
26 New Zealand 3.70 5.26 6.82 5.88 7.41 5.38 4.42 5.85 3.40 3.35 3.83 4.81 4.23 4.09 5.22 4.94 5.15
27 Norway 3.03 5.26 15.38 2.56 7.69 6.31 9.15 7.23 5.76 9.47 8.71 10.47 7.34 6.98 7.62 10.67 4.86
28 Italy 3.09 3.51 3.74 4.90 4.71 5.12 4.75 5.40 4.45 5.83 5.53 4.75 4.49 4.47 4.05 4.07 4.53
29 Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 13.33 0.00 0.00 3.13 6.67 6.45 0.00 0.00 2.78 4.00
30 Spain 0.60 2.09 1.92 1.36 2.38 2.36 2.84 2.29 2.28 2.84 2.97 3.49 3.38 3.81 3.13 3.48
31 Venezuela 5.00 32.14 12.50 5.26 6.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.98 2.38 1.82 2.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.45
32 Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.08 0.90 1.64 1.33 1.81 0.90 1.67 3.97 3.56 1.83 3.19
33 Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.87 0.47 0.51 0.39 0.17 0.78 0.33 0.61 1.28 0.88 1.02 1.98 2.10 3.06
34 Australia 3.46 3.83 5.27 12.33 5.95 8.11 6.05 5.16 5.11 5.83 4.85 2.80 2.75 2.47 2.10 2.52 2.69
35 China 0.15 0.43 0.70 1.04 0.88 1.29 1.03 1.23 1.89 2.11 2.05 2.48 2.65 2.25 2.25 2.25 2.53
36 Mexico 0.00 1.67 1.42 0.00 0.29 0.86 1.05 1.69 1.46 2.46 0.66 2.02 2.65 3.06 2.77 2.11 2.49
37 Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.38
38 Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 11.11 14.29 5.56 7.69 6.25 0.00 0.00 5.41 6.00 2.27
39 Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.67 1.11 0.00 1.32 1.19 1.08 0.49 3.49 2.71 1.69 4.85 4.11 1.58 1.99
40 Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.04 0.87 1.08 1.90 1.94 1.48 0.66 0.66 0.55 0.63 2.63 0.52 1.92 1.98
41 Portugal 0.00 0.83 0.00 1.05 1.08 0.30 0.00 1.43 1.12 1.75 2.64 1.77 1.81 1.07 1.36 2.13 1.86
42 Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.23 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 1.79
43 UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.35 3.23 6.00 3.50 3.89 2.43 1.71
44 Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.39 1.01 0.00 1.69
45 Romania 0.97 0.00 1.23 0.48 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.30 0.88 0.65 0.55 1.03 1.50 1.51 1.57
46 Greece 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.26 0.00 0.63 1.63 1.01 2.10 1.41 2.39 1.05 0.68 0.96 1.57
47 South Africa 13.04 17.39 16.67 6.45 7.78 7.22 2.63 3.92 1.01 5.49 4.73 3.16 4.09 3.19 2.29 1.74 1.55
48 Turkey 0.00 1.02 0.71 0.00 0.00 2.33 1.50 1.92 0.50 0.66 0.77 1.41 1.37 0.83 1.23 2.09 1.54
49 India 1.18 2.58 1.75 2.87 2.78 1.76 2.10 1.48 1.21 1.26 1.31 1.61 1.47 1.37 1.59 1.40 1.33
50 Ukraine 0.00 1.61 0.66 1.95 0.25 0.00 0.64 1.89 0.21 1.07 1.18 0.49 0.99 0.25 0.12 0.46 1.25
51 Brazil 0.00 0.39 0.65 1.27 0.94 0.79 0.93 1.70 2.07 1.22 1.72 1.40 1.58 1.92 1.54 1.14 1.18
52 Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.37 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.16
53 Argentina 1.10 0.00 0.93 0.00 0.68 0.00 0.47 0.40 0.64 0.73 1.09 0.71 0.90 0.61 1.07 0.52 0.99
54 Hungary 0.00 1.18 0.47 0.82 0.36 1.10 2.19 1.81 1.94 3.70 3.60 2.50 2.16 2.78 1.84 2.38 0.91
55 Czech Republic 0.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.08 0.28 0.80 2.49 1.59 2.94 1.75 2.24 1.87 3.25 1.95 2.20 0.82
56 Russia 0.38 0.94 1.19 1.08 0.69 1.56 0.94 1.24 1.18 1.21 1.08 0.96 1.03 1.15 0.68 0.90 0.69
57 Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.88 1.41 0.91 0.66
58 Malaysia 0.00 31.82 3.03 5.36 9.62 11.34 11.22 1.88 1.00 0.78 0.77 1.18 0.74 0.75 0.67 0.94 0.59
59 Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.53 1.72 2.02 0.82 0.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 0.52
60 Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.57 0.00 0.35 1.04 0.96 0.57 0.94 0.86 0.84 0.41 0.38 0.51 0.44 0.45
61 Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.33 7.69 2.22 2.70 0.48 0.91 0.86 1.26 0.45 0.59 0.51 0.89 0.59 0.25 0.45
62 Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.34 0.00 0.00 0.42
63 Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.78 0.00 1.83 0.00 0.33 0.26 0.42 0.76 0.70 0.51 1.34 0.45 0.25
64 Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.06 1.68 0.00 1.25 0.57 0.42 0.59 0.21 0.30 0.15
65 Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
66 Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
67 Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
68 Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
69 Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
70 Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
71 North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 18.18 0.00
72 Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
73 Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
74 Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.76 6.67 0.00 0.00
75 Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
76 Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
77 Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
78 Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.30 0.00 2.24 0.72 0.34 1.92 0.44 0.00
79 Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
80 Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
81 Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
82 Bulgaria 0.00 1.28 0.00 0.00 1.74 0.89 0.54 0.56 0.46 0.00 0.47 0.53 0.44 0.00 0.44 0.00 0.00
83 Cuba 0.00 0.00 5.26 0.00 4.65 0.00 0.00 9.52 10.53 4.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 4.08 5.36 0.00
84 Azerbaijan 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.54 0.00 3.13 2.78 2.04 0.00 0.00
85 Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 4.23 1.54 1.77 0.00
86 Algeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.87 0.00 0.64 0.99 0.00 0.00 0.00
87 Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 1.39 0.00 0.00
88 Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.53 1.44 2.27 2.83 3.38 0.00
89 Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.30 0.00 0.00 2.34 0.00 0.00 0.76 0.62 0.00 0.00
90 Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.08 14.29 16.67 0.00
91 Estonia 0.00 4.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 2.22 0.00 4.48 2.74 2.74 6.93 2.94 2.08 3.70 0.00
92 Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 6.67 0.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 3.23 0.00 0.00
93 Angola 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)