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Indicator : Researchers in R&D (per million people) (People)
Description : Researchers in R&D are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D are included.
Source : The World Bank
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
INDICATOR TYPE
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR
Researchers in R&D (per million people) (People)
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
1 Denmark 4,621 4,845 5,201 5,302 5,519 6,497 6,660 6,744 7,026 7,156 7,168 7,198
2 Finland 8,008 7,846 7,545 7,673 7,373 7,692 7,649 7,717 7,414 7,460 7,188 6,986
3 South Korea 3,244 3,336 3,777 4,175 4,604 4,868 5,001 5,380 5,853 6,362 6,457 6,899
4 Sweden 5,393 5,434 6,091 6,133 5,005 5,443 5,085 5,256 5,147 5,164 6,670 6,868
5 Singapore 4,901 5,134 5,292 5,425 5,769 5,741 6,149 6,307 6,496 6,442 6,665 6,659
6 Norway 4,507 4,504 4,584 4,838 5,163 5,360 5,439 5,408 5,496 5,548 5,569 5,679
7 Japan 5,170 5,176 5,360 5,387 5,378 5,158 5,148 5,153 5,160 5,084 5,201 5,386
8 Austria 3,171 3,457 3,531 3,816 4,142 4,146 4,359 4,406 4,653 4,763 4,815
9 Luxembourg 4,367 4,504 4,864 4,412 4,636 4,716 4,829 5,145 5,444 4,339 4,595 4,577
10 Netherlands 2,714 2,983 2,930 3,241 3,101 3,071 2,833 3,229 3,675 4,372 4,561 4,478
11 Germany 3,261 3,274 3,350 3,452 3,597 3,752 3,941 4,078 4,211 4,379 4,400 4,381
12 UK 3,635 3,823 4,129 4,188 4,132 4,084 4,116 4,091 3,979 4,029 4,186 4,252
13 France 3,203 3,340 3,307 3,418 3,580 3,654 3,741 3,868 3,940 4,073 4,170 4,201
14 Belgium 3,001 3,128 3,138 3,281 3,393 3,412 3,522 3,736 3,879 4,115 4,156 4,176
15 Slovenia 1,893 2,017 2,631 2,920 3,098 3,463 3,645 3,753 4,261 4,307 4,217 4,150
16 Ireland 2,503 2,695 2,756 2,835 2,893 3,237 3,113 3,070 3,282 3,422 3,606 3,732
17 Portugal 1,934 1,969 2,016 2,344 2,671 3,820 3,761 3,923 4,172 4,042 3,615 3,700
18 Czech Republic 1,550 1,598 2,362 2,557 2,699 2,865 2,749 2,782 2,913 3,150 3,250 3,418
19 Estonia 2,232 2,498 2,457 2,603 2,745 2,970 3,229 3,061 3,397 3,461 3,339 3,284
20 Russia 3,365 3,310 3,235 3,240 3,276 3,153 3,090 3,088 3,125 3,094 3,073 3,102
21 Lithuania 1,916 2,143 2,284 2,414 2,594 2,619 2,676 2,754 2,732 2,660 2,887 2,961
22 Slovakia 1,780 1,981 2,028 2,186 2,291 2,332 2,460 2,808 2,832 2,820 2,718 2,719
23 Greece 1,407 1,770 1,794 1,888 2,212 2,232 2,644 2,716
24 Hungary 1,498 1,474 1,573 1,741 1,728 1,841 1,999 2,131 2,304 2,394 2,523 2,651
25 Spain 2,201 2,363 2,502 2,600 2,712 2,859 2,890 2,889 2,788 2,718 2,653 2,642
26 Malaysia 495 369 601 1,070 1,467 1,653 1,794 2,052
27 Poland 1,534 1,596 1,616 1,548 1,595 1,604 1,585 1,672 1,662 1,735 1,851 2,036
28 Italy 1,215 1,236 1,406 1,501 1,573 1,614 1,713 1,736 1,779 1,853 1,943 2,007
29 Latvia 1,372 1,433 1,473 1,789 1,914 2,038 1,710 1,864 1,913 1,916 1,802 1,884
30 Bulgaria 1,223 1,262 1,309 1,356 1,480 1,515 1,604 1,482 1,618 1,547 1,693 1,833
31 Tunisia 1,159 1,320 1,478 1,580 1,088 1,218 1,491 1,384 1,429 1,623 1,793 1,803
32 Serbia 964 1,095 1,149 1,213 1,299 1,314 1,381 1,465
33 Croatia 1,315 1,605 1,308 1,323 1,407 1,542 1,601 1,646 1,592 1,560 1,529 1,437
34 Argentina 720 769 814 886 968 1,028 1,033 1,121 1,177 1,199 1,194 1,202
35 Turkey 492 504 577 621 714 751 811 890 981 1,097 1,169 1,157
36 China 667 712 857 932 1,079 1,200 864 903 978 1,036 1,089 1,113
37 Ukraine 1,479 1,459 1,432 1,350 1,332 1,262 1,235 1,165 1,026
38 Thailand 277 311 322 331 543 974
39 Romania 956 973 1,072 897 896 935 940 974 800 903 938 922
40 Cyprus 491 574 660 714 752 748 801 820 819 777 772 750
41 Egypt 636 442 437 497 496 522 544 682
42 Moldova 702 712 621 605 628 713 699 663 679 671 644 652
43 Georgia 562 585
44 Uruguay 274 481 549 525 537 529 504
45 Chile 337 358 289 320 353 391 335 428
46 Bahrain 50 362
47 Bosnia 61 63 66 175 194 151 217 267
48 Iraq 371 381 402 416 425 68
World 1,207 1,282
49 Zimbabwe 90
50 South Africa 303 379 358 379 389 385 388 363 385 405
51 Bolivia 146 166
52 Sri lanka 137 93 99 106 111
53 Senegal 260 275 370 361
54 USA 4,911 4,708 3,718 3,782 3,758 3,912 4,072 3,867 4,011 4,019
55 Algeria 168
56 Switzerland 3,451 3,288 4,481
57 Angola 52
58 Venezuela 95 105 121 146 163 187 182 200 228 291
59 Uzbekistan 534
60 Australia 4,039 4,232 4,335 4,531
61 Philippines 71 80 78 82 85 189
62 Kenya 57 231
63 Kuwait 168 170 170 164 186 149 140 133 127 128
64 Albania 157
65 Costa rica 132 108 124 263 998 1,233 1,327 340 358
66 Kazakhstan 405 375 347 369 384 610 734
67 Ecuador 50 71 65 103 118 141 180
68 Iceland 6,617 7,262 7,976 7,230 7,443 7,970 7,035 5,993
69 India 135 157
70 Indonesia 90
71 Iran 713 748 712 738 691
72 Colombia 140 156 126 143 161 176 183 193 177 148 152
73 Mexico 323 378 400 326 335 327 368 312 323
74 Panama 97 96 104 105 166 132 111 117 119 38 39
75 Paraguay 81 86 72 77 50 169
76 Canada 3,901 4,082 4,238 4,313 4,588 4,712 4,451 4,649 4,786 4,634 4,519
77 Qatar 597
78 Pakistan 83 165 166 151 167
79 Oman 151 170 127
80 Morocco 651 644 660 725 852 857
81 New Zealand 3,935 3,141 3,445 3,719 3,701 4,009
82 Nigeria 39
83 Brazil 496 545 580 589 603 619 656 698
Researchers in R&D (per million people) (People)