European Union

EUROPEAN UNION

INDICATORS

FUNDING & INVESTMENT

Time

Quantity

Unit

Source

Last Update

Rank

Research & development expenditure

Research & development expenditure (% of GDP)

Abbreviation:

R&D expenditure (% of GDP)
2018/01/01
2018/12/31
2.18
Percent
2020/08/01
12th

HUMAN CAPITAL

Time

Quantity

Unit

Source

Last Update

Rank

Researchers in R&D (per million people)

Researchers in R&D are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D are included.

Abbreviation:

Researchers in R&D
2018/01/01
2018/12/31
3,994
People
2020/08/01
17th

SCIENCE

Time

Quantity

Unit

Source

Last Update

Rank

h-Index of nanotechnology publications

This field displays the h-index count and is based on a list of publications ranked in descending order by the Times Cited count. The h-index is the number of item which is in the h rank of the mentioned ranking and have at least "h" citations. For example, an h-index of 20 means there are 20 items that have 20 citations or more. This metric is useful because it discounts the disproportionate weight of highly cited papers or papers that have not yet been cited.

Abbreviation:

h-Index of nano-articles
2003/01/01
2003/12/31
0.00
--
2021/05/31
-

INDUSTRY

Time

Quantity

Unit

Source

Last Update

Rank

Number of national nanotechnology standards

Standard is a document, established by consensus and approved by a recognized body, that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given context. National nanotechnology standard is a nanotechnology related standard that is adopted by a national standards body and made available to the public.

Abbreviation:

National nanotechnology standards
2020/01/01
2020/12/31
47
Standard
2021/04/12
11th
COUNTRY CHARTS

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h-Index of nanotechnology publications

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Number of national nanotechnology standards