Research & development expenditure (% of GDP)
Researchers in R&D are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D are included.
This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population for the same year.
Standard is a document, established by consensus and approved by a recognized body, that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given context. National nanotechnology standard is a nanotechnology related standard that is adopted by a national standards body and made available to the public.
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