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Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 [Mar]
1 USA 23.96 41.17 48.17 48.25 43.33 43.98 41.83 42.11 41.40 45.74 42.49 42.83 43.14 47.64 43.64 43.43 44.55 51.27
2 Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 83.33 88.89 120.00 33.33 52.94 16.67 25.00 29.09 28.36 35.85 40.00 32.22 56.47 50.00
3 Taiwan 7.01 14.74 12.39 16.43 20.00 22.66 26.10 22.44 29.20 31.39 28.79 36.67 33.23 37.38 38.39 35.86 33.56 34.13
4 Japan 10.77 14.37 16.03 16.91 17.82 18.64 18.34 18.02 21.83 26.88 23.53 27.87 25.93 28.55 29.63 27.22 25.99 33.78
5 South Korea 5.56 10.19 9.74 13.31 19.61 17.97 21.16 18.95 19.09 24.93 22.18 21.53 22.64 25.08 26.29 28.22 29.42 29.47
6 Switzerland 6.40 10.96 14.53 13.11 15.63 13.64 17.32 18.05 16.22 18.14 15.11 13.70 14.58 21.21 16.15 16.60 18.50 24.75
7 Netherlands 4.51 7.57 11.72 12.81 16.09 16.65 17.06 24.10 22.57 27.98 23.30 23.24 19.41 21.86 23.92 17.46 18.79 23.06
8 Germany 6.12 10.62 14.54 16.11 13.67 15.49 13.72 14.04 14.90 17.36 15.64 14.92 14.30 15.63 14.34 13.27 14.98 17.68
9 Belgium 4.78 8.27 11.81 12.77 13.59 11.53 10.33 10.49 14.46 13.88 14.49 14.79 12.27 13.67 12.48 10.33 13.36 17.49
10 France 10.10 10.87 13.51 13.73 10.71 10.80 10.85 10.78 11.01 13.48 14.17 11.52 13.50 16.08 14.92 13.46 14.21 17.11
World 10.74 17.17 20.00 20.15 18.62 19.00 17.69 17.01 17.03 19.26 17.06 16.86 16.07 15.61 15.70 15.13 14.90 15.96
11 Finland 3.82 5.26 4.88 10.00 7.91 6.72 7.50 6.32 9.45 9.38 7.25 11.46 12.80 13.27 11.02 18.98 19.21 15.87
12 Canada 9.18 13.56 15.85 14.76 11.07 13.00 7.49 10.28 8.94 10.82 11.74 9.80 9.35 10.13 9.94 9.92 9.36 11.52
13 Singapore 1.30 5.65 6.72 3.08 4.49 5.38 5.49 5.39 5.33 5.71 6.22 5.25 7.16 5.57 7.21 7.34 6.79 11.11
14 Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.67 1.11 0.00 1.32 1.19 1.08 0.49 3.51 2.71 1.69 5.08 4.09 1.56 4.56 9.38
15 UK 3.04 6.09 5.83 8.62 6.94 6.52 5.40 5.12 6.47 8.41 8.96 7.96 7.90 9.22 8.21 7.86 8.53 9.23
16 Estonia 0.00 4.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 2.22 0.00 4.48 2.74 2.74 6.93 3.20 2.24 3.62 4.20 8.33
17 Denmark 1.94 8.47 6.31 8.97 10.00 6.41 9.03 11.23 11.06 9.02 8.40 7.94 9.12 6.04 6.97 6.82 5.76 7.55
18 Saudi Arabia 0.00 12.50 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.68 2.22 2.88 3.74 4.26 5.83 6.19 5.38 5.32 4.84 9.07 7.29
19 Austria 3.98 6.90 3.56 7.76 5.48 8.60 10.11 7.29 7.96 8.61 6.73 8.54 7.55 8.80 7.59 6.44 6.65 6.58
20 Ireland 7.14 7.20 15.79 7.05 11.25 10.15 7.47 13.82 11.05 8.48 7.43 7.79 5.85 10.03 8.38 6.50 6.75 6.10
21 Sweden 4.41 5.95 7.69 6.98 7.86 8.40 6.21 7.84 9.78 10.16 9.10 9.80 9.49 11.53 9.41 7.71 8.10 6.07
22 Italy 3.09 3.52 3.73 4.90 4.64 5.12 4.75 5.40 4.45 5.83 5.53 4.75 4.49 4.91 4.40 4.04 4.37 5.61
23 Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.27 0.00 3.28 1.35 1.59 0.00 6.14 5.88 3.96 5.56
24 Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 18.18 5.88 2.86 8.33 20.00 8.33 10.00 1.52 3.70 6.45 6.25 2.78 5.26
25 Spain 0.60 2.09 1.92 1.36 2.38 2.36 2.84 2.29 2.28 2.85 2.96 3.49 3.68 3.78 3.12 3.60 4.39
26 Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 1.40 0.91 1.24 4.35
27 Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 7.69 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.33 1.69 9.33 4.17
28 Norway 3.03 5.26 15.38 2.56 7.69 6.31 9.15 7.23 5.73 9.52 8.71 10.47 7.29 7.43 7.56 10.59 61.36 3.81
29 Turkey 0.00 1.02 0.72 0.00 0.00 2.34 1.50 1.92 0.50 0.66 0.77 1.41 1.37 0.87 1.22 2.09 1.51 3.52
30 Hungary 0.00 1.18 0.47 0.82 0.36 1.10 2.20 1.81 1.94 3.70 3.60 2.50 2.16 3.03 1.99 2.37 1.10 3.33
31 Czech Republic 0.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.08 0.28 0.80 2.49 1.59 3.02 1.75 2.23 1.87 3.49 2.05 2.17 1.63 3.25
32 Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.30 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 0.00 0.76 0.66 0.00 0.00 3.23
33 Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.49 0.97 0.00 0.74 3.13
34 Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.67 1.09 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.99 0.75 2.92 0.73 5.26 3.41 3.95 5.29 2.86
35 Australia 3.46 3.84 5.27 12.33 5.94 8.12 6.05 5.17 5.11 5.83 5.09 2.79 2.75 2.47 2.27 2.50 2.75 2.83
36 China 0.15 0.43 0.70 1.04 0.88 1.29 1.03 1.23 1.89 2.11 2.05 2.48 2.65 2.25 2.06 2.24 2.43 2.36
37 Portugal 0.00 0.83 0.00 1.05 1.08 0.30 0.00 1.43 1.12 1.76 2.64 1.77 1.81 1.20 1.35 2.11 1.44 1.92
38 Mexico 0.00 1.67 1.42 0.00 0.29 0.86 1.05 1.69 1.46 2.46 0.66 2.02 2.65 3.27 2.73 2.09 2.50 1.69
39 Brazil 0.00 0.39 0.65 1.27 0.94 0.79 0.93 1.70 2.07 1.23 1.72 1.40 1.58 1.92 1.61 1.13 1.36 1.63
40 New Zealand 3.70 5.26 6.82 5.88 7.41 5.38 4.42 5.85 3.40 3.35 3.83 4.81 4.23 4.55 5.16 4.81 5.88 1.61
41 South Africa 13.04 17.39 16.67 6.45 7.78 7.22 2.63 3.92 1.01 5.49 4.73 3.16 4.09 3.42 2.25 1.72 1.68 1.49
42 UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.35 3.23 6.00 3.88 3.76 2.33 1.72 1.45
43 Argentina 1.10 0.00 0.93 0.00 0.68 0.00 0.47 0.40 0.64 0.73 1.09 0.71 0.90 0.61 1.09 0.51 1.24 1.42
44 Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.53 1.44 2.27 2.75 3.23 1.96 1.39
45 Poland 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.88 0.47 0.51 0.39 0.17 0.78 0.33 0.61 1.28 0.88 1.08 1.96 2.08 2.09 1.32
46 Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.08 0.90 1.64 1.33 1.82 0.90 1.67 3.97 3.62 1.81 1.96 0.93
47 Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.57 0.00 0.35 1.04 0.96 0.57 0.94 0.86 0.84 0.41 0.38 0.50 0.44 0.41 0.87
48 Russia 0.38 0.94 1.19 1.08 0.69 1.56 0.94 1.24 1.18 1.21 1.08 0.96 1.03 1.20 0.65 0.85 0.66 0.68
49 Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.78 0.00 1.83 0.00 0.33 0.26 0.42 0.76 0.70 0.53 1.33 0.43 0.26 0.65
50 Greece 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.26 0.00 0.63 1.63 1.01 2.10 1.41 2.38 1.13 0.75 0.95 1.02 0.64
51 Malaysia 0.00 31.82 3.03 5.36 9.62 11.34 11.22 1.88 1.01 0.78 0.77 1.18 0.74 0.81 0.69 0.92 0.36 0.48
52 Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.33 7.55 2.22 2.70 0.48 0.91 0.86 1.26 0.46 0.59 0.51 0.93 0.58 0.24 0.31 0.41
53 Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.06 1.68 0.00 1.25 0.57 0.42 0.62 0.21 0.30 0.46 0.28
54 Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 6.67 0.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 3.57 0.00 0.00 0.00
55 Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 140.00 54.55 325.00 166.67 325.00 60.00 233.33 220.00 75.00 200.00 100.00 0.00
56 Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.37 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.43 0.00
57 Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
58 Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
59 Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
60 Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 33.33 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 4.76 1.22 1.64 0.65 0.00
61 Azerbaijan 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.54 0.00 3.13 2.78 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
62 Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
63 Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
64 Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.53 1.69 2.02 0.82 0.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 0.53 0.00
65 Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 11.11 14.29 5.56 7.69 6.25 0.00 0.00 4.88 6.00 1.14 0.00
66 North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 18.18 0.00 0.00
67 Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
68 Romania 0.97 0.00 1.22 0.48 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.30 0.88 0.65 0.55 1.10 1.45 1.46 1.04 0.00
69 Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
70 Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.30 0.00 2.22 0.72 0.34 2.08 0.42 0.00 0.00
71 Venezuela 5.00 32.14 12.50 5.26 6.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.98 2.38 1.79 2.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.82 0.00
72 Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
73 Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
74 Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
75 Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
76 Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 100.00 66.67 50.00 100.00 0.00 62.50 0.00
77 Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.12 0.00
78 Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.00
79 Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 13.33 0.00 0.00 3.13 6.67 6.45 0.00 0.00 2.70 1.64 0.00
80 Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
81 Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.23 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.90 1.60 0.00
82 Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.08 0.87 1.08 1.90 1.94 1.48 0.66 0.66 0.55 0.63 2.63 0.50 1.84 1.22 0.00
83 Angola 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
84 Algeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.87 0.00 0.64 1.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
85 Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.88 6.82 0.00 0.00 0.00
86 Cuba 0.00 0.00 5.26 0.00 4.65 0.00 0.00 9.52 10.53 4.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 4.17 5.36 3.39 0.00
87 Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
88 Ukraine 0.00 1.61 0.66 1.95 0.25 0.00 0.64 1.89 0.21 1.07 1.18 0.49 0.99 0.26 0.12 0.43 0.53 0.00
89 Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 1.37 0.00 0.00 0.00
90 Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.63 0.00
91 Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.08 16.67 16.67 8.33 0.00
92 Bulgaria 0.00 1.28 0.00 0.00 1.74 0.89 0.54 0.56 0.46 0.00 0.47 0.53 0.44 0.00 0.45 0.00 0.00 0.00
93 India 1.18 2.58 1.76 2.87 2.78 1.76 2.10 1.48 1.21 1.26 1.31 1.61 1.47 1.37 1.54 1.38 1.22
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)