INFO
Indicator : Share of international collaboration in nanoscience (Percent)
Description : Share of joint nanotechnology articles between one country and other countries.

Share of international collaboration in nanoscience (Percent)

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1 Afghanistan 100.00 0.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
2 Angola 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
3 Senegal 100.00 85.70 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 42.86 77.78 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
4 Jamaica 100.00 83.33 100.00 100.00 100.00 90.00 100.00 100.00
5 Kyrgyzstan 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 75.00 100.00 85.71 100.00
6 Paraguay 100.00 100.00 100.00 66.67 100.00 66.67 100.00
7 Panama 0.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 40.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
8 Albania 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
9 Bolivia 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 0.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 91.67 100.00 100.00 85.71 100.00
10 Yemen 100.00 94.74 87.50 100.00 100.00 97.83 100.00 98.11
11 Cuba 86.20 87.50 76.70 87.50 91.70 93.00 84.44 88.89 93.18 91.30 97.92 96.43 94.23 96.67 96.55
12 Cyprus 100.00 100.00 63.30 67.70 77.10 66.70 77.55 70.77 70.37 81.67 87.93 93.00 84.17 95.71 96.38
13 Ecuador 100.00 75.00 83.30 60.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 100.00 75.00 93.48 86.57 85.71 89.61 86.60 95.79
14 Venezuela 65.00 66.70 82.40 62.10 65.10 68.30 71.15 53.33 70.97 62.71 85.29 76.92 82.50 80.77 91.67
15 Luxembourg 80.00 75.00 80.00 88.60 88.60 94.44 90.77 88.46 89.83 87.01 89.87 94.74 90.99 89.81
16 Tajikistan 100.00 100.00 92.86 100.00 77.78 100.00 100.00 88.89
17 Bahrain 0.00 66.70 50.00 61.50 50.00 78.30 61.54 82.76 84.21 89.47 95.45 93.02 92.31 90.14 88.57
18 Iceland 100.00 100.00 100.00 87.50 78.30 89.50 96.15 93.18 87.50 90.91 93.48 85.71 96.30 96.36 88.00
19 Nepal 100.00 100.00 100.00 66.70 83.30 100.00 100.00 100.00 92.31 86.36 92.86 100.00 94.74 85.29 87.50
20 Peru 100.00 95.20 87.50 93.30 92.90 85.70 80.00 91.67 89.47 91.30 85.19 96.67 96.30 79.69 86.67
21 Georgia 50.00 100.00 100.00 66.70 73.30 78.60 66.67 80.00 50.00 75.00 60.00 63.64 61.11 76.92 85.71
22 Oman 66.70 40.00 63.60 88.20 76.50 93.80 83.33 90.63 82.69 89.29 84.21 88.31 84.54 87.86 85.54
23 Saudi Arabia 55.60 51.30 61.90 72.30 76.80 78.20 78.74 80.32 82.88 86.60 84.85 84.70 84.50 84.74 85.54
24 Tunisia 63.00 61.60 69.80 65.20 64.00 78.00 70.83 65.04 68.88 72.32 73.19 74.55 71.97 76.74 85.00
25 UAE 50.00 10.00 62.50 75.00 64.70 70.80 66.67 66.67 57.14 80.00 78.57 81.20 81.55 84.81 84.89
26 Singapore 36.80 38.20 44.10 47.20 49.90 50.10 54.98 59.07 62.10 67.59 69.63 70.86 75.27 80.95 83.91
27 Ireland 74.40 67.20 66.00 69.90 65.90 65.90 69.33 71.25 71.06 77.74 77.46 81.56 80.93 82.17 83.68
28 Bosnia 100.00 87.50 100.00 91.67 80.00 90.91 84.62 82.61
29 Estonia 54.20 63.60 67.60 65.60 61.20 63.90 69.01 61.22 67.74 63.85 75.00 74.81 77.34 76.06 82.48
30 Kuwait 37.50 72.70 57.90 46.20 62.50 70.60 68.00 78.57 80.39 65.00 71.70 60.56 66.96 80.00 82.14
31 Norway 61.40 56.60 61.10 69.40 69.10 64.90 66.55 66.57 72.51 76.90 75.00 75.85 79.30 79.25 82.14
32 Finland 56.50 56.70 64.60 57.90 62.60 61.90 67.90 72.76 67.63 71.21 75.87 75.98 76.35 80.67 82.08
33 Qatar 100.00 80.00 100.00 91.70 78.95 96.00 94.34 95.15 93.40 91.05 84.55 80.00 81.71
34 Belgium 64.30 63.80 66.00 66.70 66.70 70.20 68.43 68.43 70.62 74.44 76.74 77.87 79.56 80.10 81.53
35 Australia 55.30 50.90 56.40 56.10 59.20 61.30 60.13 61.88 64.09 69.20 71.81 76.34 79.23 80.62 81.31
36 Belarus 64.30 66.70 42.90 58.30 68.90 68.90 76.36 70.56 76.32 79.89 72.53 81.66 74.23 73.20 81.21
37 Nigeria 75.00 84.60 100.00 92.90 73.10 66.70 60.00 62.86 81.03 82.42 79.56 77.09 76.53 79.13 81.10
38 Latvia 69.60 80.00 76.20 75.00 70.50 65.60 51.16 66.13 67.69 62.50 69.23 63.16 67.07 80.95 80.85
39 Austria 72.10 66.80 65.50 68.80 58.00 54.30 71.23 73.82 73.61 78.06 77.76 78.56 79.66 80.35 80.80
40 UK 54.80 52.30 60.80 62.40 61.90 64.10 65.77 66.82 69.46 70.36 74.45 76.79 78.49 79.57 80.23
41 Sweden 59.90 60.60 65.00 69.60 68.70 68.60 69.25 68.21 70.91 74.61 76.16 78.69 79.07 80.43 80.05
42 Vietnam 78.60 60.40 63.90 66.10 59.80 58.30 63.71 65.61 56.90 63.14 63.74 67.33 70.22 71.11 79.71
43 Denmark 58.00 65.90 68.00 67.10 65.00 65.00 67.16 66.07 69.36 69.50 74.66 77.83 78.10 80.57 79.62
44 Kenya 100.00 100.00 50.00 85.70 83.30 100.00 66.67 100.00 100.00 100.00 87.50 69.23 88.89 79.10
45 Moldova 82.60 62.90 93.00 73.50 76.50 71.40 76.19 83.33 85.48 80.77 90.16 83.05 89.36 82.14 78.57
46 Switzerland 58.10 56.90 65.50 66.30 68.50 66.70 68.26 67.14 68.38 70.39 73.41 74.77 75.67 75.67 77.77
47 Lebanon 80.00 76.20 84.20 73.70 82.10 81.50 88.24 92.86 86.27 92.50 83.00 90.67 85.37 78.99 77.58
48 Uruguay 100.00 42.90 71.40 50.00 53.30 59.40 70.37 59.38 54.84 71.43 76.47 61.02 67.35 73.85 76.67
49 Slovakia 63.40 38.20 80.30 76.50 73.90 67.50 69.27 64.20 66.45 72.59 81.82 69.71 75.27 78.69 76.54
50 Chile 77.80 74.70 68.40 71.20 57.70 64.80 64.25 68.94 68.84 71.28 74.93 70.88 72.33 70.91 76.10
51 New Zealand 56.70 47.10 55.00 47.70 65.70 68.30 63.96 61.18 65.56 69.14 68.33 70.82 75.09 78.61 75.77
52 Netherlands 51.40 52.20 61.60 61.10 61.90 61.80 63.88 62.76 65.97 69.28 72.39 73.74 74.14 76.32 74.75
53 Slovenia 60.70 54.30 53.70 62.70 57.60 61.50 59.84 65.42 59.86 64.03 70.57 70.85 70.25 71.54 73.96
54 France 55.90 56.50 55.40 57.70 60.10 58.80 59.74 61.07 63.40 62.89 68.12 70.12 72.01 72.79 73.92
55 Pakistan 70.00 62.70 68.20 60.90 62.30 57.90 68.92 62.08 60.77 64.76 65.97 68.83 68.02 67.64 72.29
56 Jordan 75.00 60.90 43.90 51.10 74.50 66.10 76.06 70.77 79.41 70.53 68.75 78.57 72.52 68.27 72.26
57 Costa rica 100.00 100.00 50.00 100.00 100.00 80.00 83.33 66.67 83.33 66.67 58.33 60.00 64.71 60.87 71.43
58 Philippines 77.80 70.00 71.40 100.00 77.80 92.30 75.00 71.43 72.09 74.29 53.49 65.88 52.17 59.29 71.30
59 Germany 54.80 57.90 57.20 58.60 59.40 57.70 58.55 59.10 60.81 62.14 66.31 66.75 69.26 68.74 70.83
60 Czech Republic 58.10 63.40 66.00 65.60 57.10 52.50 58.11 54.60 59.17 62.24 59.79 62.93 65.07 65.50 70.08
61 Canada 45.60 45.80 45.20 48.20 46.80 47.40 49.12 49.67 54.39 55.92 61.86 60.64 64.88 67.38 69.77
62 Bangladesh 70.00 69.60 72.70 64.70 72.10 79.50 76.92 77.42 77.78 72.32 69.66 72.38 71.23 74.29 69.67
World 61.22 60.05 62.53 62.97 63.15 63.51 63.06 66.56 66.83 68.91 69.67 69.53 70.09 69.97 69.45
63 Croatia 40.80 54.70 48.50 70.60 66.70 60.60 64.03 63.78 67.42 77.40 68.35 64.48 69.18 66.82 69.12
64 Spain 54.10 47.90 54.20 55.50 56.50 58.00 58.24 58.69 59.35 62.16 65.08 66.88 68.16 67.46 68.50
65 Cameroon 100.00 80.00 50.00 87.50 87.50 88.90 66.67 94.44 54.55 66.67 70.73 50.00 56.41 58.00 67.57
66 Malaysia 48.50 33.60 44.20 44.20 48.60 46.70 49.71 50.21 51.62 53.29 55.97 57.37 59.48 62.93 67.51
67 Portugal 65.40 54.30 58.00 66.20 61.40 63.50 63.84 61.39 61.99 65.03 64.32 65.36 72.12 68.01 66.88
68 Hungary 59.70 62.90 62.20 66.80 66.90 68.80 67.16 57.88 65.65 67.82 65.54 66.89 66.43 66.13 66.41
69 Serbia 69.60 40.80 54.70 55.60 59.20 57.10 51.78 53.80 53.23 57.68 55.02 60.14 63.11 64.71 66.37
70 Italy 50.60 48.20 49.10 49.60 51.00 50.30 52.98 52.04 54.17 56.11 58.81 61.70 61.89 62.55 65.18
71 Uzbekistan 75.00 73.10 84.20 85.20 75.90 76.50 80.77 63.64 65.52 65.52 65.38 63.16 66.67 57.78 64.71
72 Colombia 78.90 73.10 68.20 77.30 65.40 65.30 65.82 66.01 68.18 74.35 68.11 67.25 64.38 62.64 64.69
73 South Africa 49.40 40.50 39.90 48.20 42.10 43.30 44.54 48.18 56.06 50.08 56.86 56.28 57.50 59.67 63.44
74 Morocco 89.50 83.30 88.60 86.80 84.10 88.90 79.38 75.76 73.81 78.52 62.62 59.91 61.71 62.47 63.05
75 Armenia 42.90 39.10 58.80 62.50 55.80 48.90 44.90 50.00 50.98 56.72 65.67 56.14 68.09 64.79 63.01
76 Egypt 39.60 41.50 39.60 49.30 51.10 57.40 60.90 65.37 64.62 63.24 59.10 54.83 57.53 57.54 62.90
77 Bulgaria 68.90 66.90 66.90 67.70 64.80 64.60 63.07 60.10 65.69 66.49 65.29 62.61 64.86 63.32 62.86
78 Sri lanka 60.00 52.90 54.50 70.00 92.30 77.80 91.67 72.73 51.52 68.42 52.50 66.23 52.46 64.86 62.24
79 Syria 42.90 66.70 44.40 78.60 46.20 50.00 53.85 33.33 40.00 47.62 48.28 54.55 60.71 60.47
80 Zimbabwe 100.00 66.67 60.00 71.43 81.82 55.56 60.00
81 Algeria 61.90 66.70 64.70 80.80 76.60 71.10 71.43 58.79 60.30 66.28 61.75 58.63 62.08 56.17 59.83
82 Indonesia 100.00 77.80 85.00 90.90 86.00 79.60 78.57 86.36 80.73 78.18 67.46 61.63 62.09 60.25 59.11
83 Ukraine 53.90 51.80 51.30 51.10 54.20 49.30 58.81 55.23 58.84 59.47 60.50 55.39 60.12 57.64 59.08
84 Lithuania 72.90 44.20 48.70 54.50 55.40 56.40 55.65 49.61 51.74 54.21 61.33 59.34 60.37 58.53 58.95
85 Greece 57.60 53.10 55.60 54.90 56.70 55.70 57.41 57.49 56.70 59.22 60.18 60.55 62.93 60.82 58.90
86 Iraq 25.00 33.30 83.30 55.60 50.00 36.00 64.10 73.60 75.66 73.94 70.54 64.36 60.63 56.49 58.53
87 USA 29.90 25.10 32.10 34.90 36.80 38.80 41.14 42.74 46.04 49.22 53.56 55.33 57.57 57.60 58.08
88 Azerbaijan 66.70 66.70 25.00 55.00 65.80 71.20 61.54 66.67 69.44 75.61 62.90 48.75 53.33 60.74 56.91
89 Kazakhstan 100.00 80.00 72.70 88.90 55.00 68.80 75.00 75.00 67.74 72.88 74.19 83.45 80.42 77.78 53.81
90 Argentina 54.80 57.30 55.90 58.20 53.90 56.50 52.10 50.21 53.99 54.73 52.94 52.00 52.43 50.49 53.55
91 Romania 66.50 45.90 50.10 49.40 42.50 37.90 45.63 40.18 46.27 48.05 46.55 47.41 51.84 46.76 51.80
92 Taiwan 17.40 14.60 14.20 19.20 19.80 20.40 24.13 23.73 27.37 29.89 33.73 39.21 40.78 45.23 50.48
93 Japan 27.60 28.10 30.60 30.20 31.60 32.50 35.41 35.92 38.53 40.36 42.79 44.22 46.57 48.00 50.03
94 Thailand 52.90 38.40 41.40 38.00 38.70 34.40 37.79 35.77 38.64 36.52 37.48 41.83 42.48 44.98 48.47
95 Poland 54.40 44.80 50.10 50.10 50.30 46.00 46.12 45.54 43.62 45.04 43.70 45.41 46.94 45.58 48.25
96 Mexico 64.90 54.10 56.40 52.90 57.50 57.10 56.32 55.08 55.91 52.21 56.21 46.59 43.37 40.42 44.87
97 Russia 45.30 39.90 38.70 37.80 39.00 36.00 38.99 40.26 40.73 39.15 43.62 43.25 43.67 41.70 43.02
98 South Korea 31.00 21.10 29.60 28.00 28.40 29.00 30.92 32.17 32.31 32.98 34.04 35.04 36.46 38.06 40.78
99 Brazil 38.40 37.40 38.10 38.70 37.10 37.80 36.43 37.37 39.34 44.47 45.65 43.27 38.77 37.89 37.88
100 Turkey 35.10 25.10 36.70 30.90 31.90 35.10 34.30 33.68 32.77 34.48 32.49 34.01 33.76 32.32 34.14
101 India 25.20 23.60 23.70 24.30 26.50 23.40 24.05 24.67 23.79 24.07 26.52 27.69 26.17 27.33 30.38
102 Iran 28.20 22.20 18.60 14.60 16.80 18.20 17.33 17.29 17.36 17.68 17.39 18.55 20.26 24.57 29.84
103 China 15.70 15.60 16.00 17.40 19.20 19.40 19.73 19.75 20.54 21.45 22.55 23.76 23.87 24.11 24.98
104 North Korea 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 50.00 66.67 60.00 72.73 56.25 35.00 43.59 21.43
105 Turkmenistan 100.00 100.00 100.00 0.00 0.00
106 Liechtenstein 83.30 83.30 88.90 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 0.00