REPORT TOOLBOX
INFO
Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 [June]
1 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 140.00 60.00 325.00 166.67 325.00 75.00 233.33 275.00 75.00 250.00 100.00 18.18 220.00 0.00 100.00
2 USA USA 23.96 41.10 48.38 48.37 43.54 44.45 41.87 42.31 41.27 45.75 42.47 41.78 42.15 46.89 43.11 42.54 43.01 41.93 45.32 46.25 52.16
3 Taiwan Taiwan 7.04 15.02 12.55 16.67 20.12 23.01 26.28 22.73 29.40 31.45 29.11 36.86 33.53 37.94 38.81 35.77 33.41 32.75 36.85 32.73 33.26
4 Luxembourg Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 71.43 80.00 120.00 33.33 56.25 16.22 25.00 29.09 28.36 35.85 45.28 32.22 57.14 52.08 45.54 42.48 31.82
5 Japan Japan 11.08 14.64 16.30 17.26 17.95 18.92 18.44 18.04 21.78 26.61 23.23 27.57 25.75 28.57 29.33 26.65 25.29 26.29 27.42 25.91 27.58
6 South Korea South Korea 5.54 10.33 9.84 13.35 19.86 18.06 21.41 19.16 19.20 25.01 22.11 21.52 22.78 25.21 26.25 28.28 29.16 24.12 25.42 25.72 27.11
7 Switzerland Switzerland 6.63 11.03 14.99 13.55 15.92 13.56 17.20 17.77 16.00 17.51 14.75 13.66 14.56 20.76 15.87 16.40 18.45 18.88 18.60 17.91 26.41
8 Netherlands Netherlands 4.55 7.74 11.72 12.78 16.15 16.77 17.12 23.70 22.17 27.09 22.21 22.85 18.88 21.47 23.53 16.98 18.27 18.07 17.68 18.40 21.56
9 Belgium Belgium 4.98 8.54 11.90 12.90 13.70 11.59 10.41 10.35 14.25 13.33 13.85 14.49 11.83 13.40 12.22 9.91 12.91 15.36 14.28 11.30 18.52
10 Finland Finland 3.80 5.39 4.96 10.18 8.03 6.94 7.71 6.29 9.40 9.16 7.12 11.24 12.82 13.09 10.96 18.92 19.27 14.88 16.93 17.33 17.65
11 Panama Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 50.00 100.00 50.00 50.00 100.00 0.00 55.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 16.67
12 France France 10.27 11.05 13.64 13.73 10.68 10.84 10.77 10.60 10.81 13.09 13.68 11.22 13.12 15.69 14.75 13.15 13.86 15.70 14.43 13.17 15.43
World World 10.87 17.41 20.26 20.37 18.76 19.20 17.76 16.94 16.82 18.89 16.75 16.65 15.89 16.86 15.54 14.89 14.47 13.62 13.43 13.20 13.87
13 Germany Germany 6.22 10.84 14.79 16.33 13.65 15.61 13.70 13.87 14.68 16.68 15.27 14.64 13.92 15.35 14.25 13.09 14.50 13.67 14.37 12.84 12.99
14 Austria Austria 4.00 7.14 3.62 7.89 5.60 8.88 9.93 7.30 7.87 8.39 6.62 8.88 7.63 8.75 7.65 6.35 6.61 8.31 11.79 13.19 12.84
15 Canada Canada 9.27 13.59 16.27 14.70 11.15 13.12 7.50 10.28 8.88 10.50 11.34 9.65 9.13 9.92 9.89 9.72 9.08 9.28 10.29 10.22 10.79
16 Ireland Ireland 7.00 7.38 16.78 7.17 11.44 10.38 7.51 13.70 11.20 8.40 7.23 7.66 5.75 9.92 8.32 6.20 6.46 6.19 6.97 9.47 9.81
17 UK UK 3.08 6.19 5.86 8.77 7.07 6.62 5.41 5.08 6.24 8.10 9.04 7.79 7.68 9.00 8.09 7.57 8.28 8.07 8.99 8.57 9.33
18 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.00 16.67 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.68 2.38 3.01 3.74 4.28 5.81 6.10 5.37 5.26 4.77 8.84 9.95 9.81 7.20 7.92
19 Sweden Sweden 4.58 6.09 7.87 7.10 8.00 8.50 6.16 7.76 9.72 10.01 9.15 9.79 9.36 11.43 9.34 7.71 7.95 7.11 7.53 6.52 7.71
20 Singapore Singapore 1.32 5.76 6.92 3.17 4.59 5.44 5.49 5.42 5.29 5.66 6.15 5.22 7.17 5.52 7.23 7.25 6.58 7.39 8.18 6.38 7.29
21 Estonia Estonia 0.00 4.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.44 2.38 0.00 4.55 2.70 2.78 7.00 3.28 2.13 3.55 4.08 5.30 0.68 0.66 7.06
22 Costa rica Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 16.67 13.33 8.33 0.00 18.18 8.33 6.67
23 Norway Norway 2.56 5.13 14.55 2.53 7.48 5.83 8.81 7.06 5.50 8.96 8.24 10.37 6.90 7.17 7.18 10.16 5.82 8.42 9.27 9.08 6.21
24 Denmark Denmark 1.95 8.74 6.60 9.01 10.13 6.62 9.56 11.17 11.11 8.97 8.29 7.92 8.79 5.89 7.10 6.62 5.71 7.02 7.79 6.39 5.83
25 Italy Italy 3.18 3.45 3.84 4.99 4.73 5.20 4.75 5.25 4.34 5.68 5.39 4.67 4.34 4.82 4.34 3.95 4.23 4.37 4.75 4.96 4.46
26 Spain Spain 0.60 2.08 1.95 1.35 2.41 2.34 2.80 2.24 2.19 2.77 2.86 3.37 3.57 3.69 3.01 3.51 3.49 4.10 3.49 4.29
27 Latvia Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.22 0.00 3.39 1.32 1.45 0.00 6.03 5.83 100.00 0.90 2.22 0.82 4.08
28 UAE UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.35 3.19 5.77 3.85 3.78 2.27 1.65 2.24 2.50 2.45 4.07
29 Lithuania Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.64 1.12 0.00 0.00 1.02 1.00 0.74 2.90 0.12 5.39 3.38 3.87 5.18 2.49 0.90 1.92 3.85
30 Chile Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.13 0.94 1.64 1.29 1.84 0.91 1.69 4.04 3.65 1.81 1.94 2.31 3.42 2.39 3.14
31 China China 0.15 0.44 0.71 1.06 0.89 1.30 1.04 1.24 1.90 2.12 2.05 2.48 2.64 2.24 2.23 2.23 2.39 2.43 2.36 2.61 3.01
32 Qatar Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 1.42 0.90 1.20 3.45 2.94 2.14 2.93
33 Greece Greece 0.00 0.64 0.00 0.00 1.10 1.26 0.00 0.61 1.57 0.98 2.01 1.36 2.30 1.07 0.74 0.94 0.96 0.51 0.99 1.02 2.81
34 New Zealand New Zealand 3.64 5.66 6.98 5.97 7.32 5.26 4.42 5.65 3.47 3.21 3.64 4.67 3.96 4.30 5.02 4.63 5.76 2.82 3.21 5.91 2.65
35 Australia Australia 3.46 3.80 5.29 12.50 5.91 8.16 6.01 5.07 4.91 5.73 4.71 2.79 2.68 2.42 2.24 2.43 2.64 2.65 2.59 2.57 2.44
36 Colombia Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.22 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.66 1.45 2.34 2.65 3.14 1.91 1.68 1.97 1.35 2.40
37 Argentina Argentina 1.09 0.00 0.94 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.47 0.40 0.62 0.72 1.07 0.72 0.90 0.61 1.08 0.49 1.21 0.41 0.82 0.67 2.32
38 Kuwait Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.38 1.72 8.75 3.08 0.47 0.53 2.08
39 Oman Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.96
40 Czech Republic Czech Republic 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.29 0.82 2.48 1.60 2.96 1.71 2.23 1.88 3.43 2.05 2.15 1.60 2.34 1.84 1.41 1.95
41 Portugal Portugal 0.00 0.81 0.00 1.06 1.05 0.29 0.00 1.36 1.07 1.73 2.50 1.74 1.74 1.16 1.30 1.98 1.33 1.58 1.77 1.60 1.93
42 Slovenia Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.74 1.14 0.00 1.39 1.24 1.07 0.49 3.29 2.68 1.69 5.10 3.98 1.50 4.52 4.00 1.57 3.71 1.38
43 Slovakia Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.57 1.75 2.08 0.79 0.64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 0.49 0.29 0.51 0.91 1.35
44 South Africa South Africa 11.54 16.00 15.38 7.02 8.14 6.80 2.56 3.82 0.98 5.32 4.69 3.09 3.89 3.26 2.22 1.68 1.61 1.39 0.99 1.30 1.12
45 Hungary Hungary 0.00 1.20 0.48 0.83 0.36 1.13 2.21 1.82 1.98 3.64 3.58 2.44 2.15 3.02 2.00 2.34 1.03 0.80 0.79 0.52 1.07
46 Brazil Brazil 0.00 0.40 0.67 1.30 0.97 0.82 0.95 1.74 2.06 1.24 1.69 1.41 1.59 1.93 1.61 1.12 1.30 1.26 1.32 0.84 1.05
47 Poland Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.90 0.47 0.53 0.40 0.17 0.78 0.32 0.61 1.28 0.87 1.08 1.94 2.06 2.03 1.55 1.62 1.30 0.96
48 Turkey Turkey 0.00 1.09 0.75 0.00 0.00 2.49 1.55 1.97 0.53 0.67 0.80 1.46 1.43 0.90 1.24 2.08 1.44 2.17 1.22 1.38 0.85
49 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.00 1.28 0.00 0.00 1.74 0.87 0.53 0.56 0.47 0.00 0.46 0.52 0.43 0.00 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.84
50 Morocco Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.27 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 1.65 1.36 0.27 0.41 0.71
51 India India 1.20 2.64 1.77 2.92 2.81 1.80 2.13 1.49 1.21 1.25 1.30 1.60 1.45 1.36 1.54 1.35 1.17 1.01 0.87 0.76 0.70
52 Russia Russia 0.39 0.96 1.21 1.10 0.71 1.60 0.94 1.25 1.18 1.20 1.07 0.97 1.02 1.20 0.63 0.84 0.63 0.29 0.26 0.40 0.57
53 Iran Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.57 0.00 0.36 1.07 0.96 0.56 0.95 0.86 0.85 0.42 0.38 0.50 0.43 0.40 0.58 0.35 0.46 0.47
54 Mexico Mexico 0.00 1.65 1.42 0.00 0.29 0.87 1.04 1.71 1.43 2.47 0.66 2.01 2.67 3.15 2.72 2.03 2.45 1.63 0.76 1.36 0.44
55 Ukraine Ukraine 0.00 1.68 0.68 2.00 0.25 0.00 0.66 1.90 0.20 1.06 1.20 0.49 1.00 0.26 0.10 0.41 0.49 0.29 0.20 0.65 0.43
56 Thailand Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.13 7.84 2.25 2.72 0.50 0.93 0.86 1.26 0.46 0.60 0.53 0.95 0.59 0.25 0.31 0.56 0.44 0.61 0.40
57 Vietnam Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 2.27 0.71 0.34 1.89 0.41 0.00 0.38 0.37 0.25 0.40
58 Pakistan Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.67 0.00 1.30 0.59 0.43 0.64 0.21 0.30 0.45 0.10 0.24 0.13 0.15
59 Malaysia Malaysia 0.00 30.43 2.94 5.36 9.62 11.58 12.00 1.94 0.99 0.78 0.76 1.18 0.75 0.81 0.68 0.92 0.35 0.64 0.36 0.42 0.07
60 Egypt Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.99 0.00 1.88 0.00 0.33 0.27 0.42 0.76 0.70 0.54 1.34 0.42 0.26 0.33 0.16 0.16 0.04
61 Cyprus Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 15.38 5.00 2.56 7.14 15.56 7.89 9.26 1.35 3.64 6.45 5.71 2.56 6.12 4.05 1.86 0.00
62 Bosnia Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
63 Romania Romania 1.00 0.00 1.23 0.49 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.29 0.86 0.65 0.55 1.09 1.44 1.41 0.96 0.65 0.64 0.63 0.00
64 Venezuela Venezuela 5.88 33.33 12.90 5.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.25 2.56 1.82 1.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
65 North Korea North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 16.67 0.00 9.09 2.56 0.00 0.00
66 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
67 Uruguay Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 15.38 0.00 0.00 3.03 6.45 5.88 0.00 0.00 2.63 1.59 0.00 1.43 0.00 0.00
68 Tunisia Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.00
69 Serbia Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00
70 Peru Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.56 1.41 0.00
71 Philippines Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 12.50 12.50 5.88 8.33 5.88 0.00 0.00 5.13 6.00 1.14 4.88 4.42 5.43 0.00
72 Syria Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
73 Nigeria Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
74 Afghanistan Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
75 Yemen Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
76 Belarus Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.17 0.88 1.11 1.92 2.01 1.53 0.66 0.65 0.55 0.64 2.60 0.51 1.85 1.24 0.36 0.00 0.31 0.00
77 Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
78 Jamaica Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
79 Bahrain Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
80 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.32 0.00 3.03 2.86 1.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
81 Georgia Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 5.26 0.00 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
82 Iceland Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 7.32 0.00 0.00 5.08 3.57 0.00 0.00
83 Indonesia Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
84 Iraq Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
85 Jordan Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.95 0.00 0.70 2.41 0.47 0.00 0.00
86 Croatia Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.32 0.00 0.00 2.17 0.00 0.00 0.74 0.66 0.00 0.00 1.09 0.46 0.44 0.00
87 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 5.00 1.18 1.61 0.58 0.48 1.50 0.00 0.00
88 Lebanon Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.98 0.00 0.00 0.52 0.00
89 Algeria Algeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 0.00 0.68 1.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
90 Armenia Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.38 0.00 1.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
91 Angola Angola 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00
92 Cuba Cuba 0.00 0.00 4.76 0.00 4.65 0.00 0.00 9.52 10.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.30 3.92 5.36 3.17 0.00 0.00 7.81 0.00
93 Paraguay Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)