REPORT TOOLBOX
INFO
Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 [June]
1 USA USA 24.03 41.31 48.48 48.82 43.65 44.47 41.90 42.00 40.87 44.95 41.55 43.63 42.91 47.59 43.91 43.27 43.79 42.89 46.99 51.74
2 Luxembourg Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 83.33 88.89 120.00 33.33 60.00 16.22 25.00 29.09 28.36 35.85 44.44 32.58 57.83 54.35 45.95 48.08
3 Taiwan Taiwan 7.01 14.74 12.48 16.62 20.05 22.91 26.26 22.77 29.42 31.51 29.03 37.02 34.04 38.20 39.40 36.07 33.74 33.12 37.46 38.79
4 Japan Japan 10.79 14.43 16.09 17.04 17.89 18.79 18.48 18.03 21.81 26.63 23.35 27.75 26.53 29.23 29.66 26.94 25.63 26.65 28.03 28.06
5 South Korea South Korea 5.56 10.21 9.75 13.37 19.81 18.11 21.35 19.07 19.21 25.08 22.28 21.70 23.09 25.56 26.65 28.47 29.43 24.34 25.77 27.57
6 Switzerland Switzerland 6.41 10.94 14.73 13.31 15.74 13.75 17.43 18.10 16.15 17.91 14.87 13.79 14.95 21.62 16.45 16.67 18.65 19.14 19.09 23.06
7 Netherlands Netherlands 4.53 7.58 11.81 12.95 16.02 16.82 17.16 23.95 22.49 27.69 22.91 23.38 19.73 22.47 24.23 17.50 18.66 18.59 18.18 21.19
8 Finland Finland 3.85 5.29 4.90 10.25 7.97 6.76 7.59 6.32 9.41 9.15 7.16 11.64 13.13 13.50 11.11 19.18 19.32 15.12 17.32 18.41
9 France France 10.13 10.88 13.58 13.86 10.79 10.91 11.00 10.76 10.99 13.38 14.03 11.74 13.78 16.37 15.11 13.47 14.11 16.18 14.97 16.27
10 Germany Germany 6.15 10.65 14.60 16.30 13.64 15.63 13.79 13.90 14.88 17.00 15.50 15.20 14.59 15.96 14.54 13.34 14.86 13.96 14.87 15.11
World World 10.78 17.29 20.17 20.40 18.89 19.34 17.99 17.30 17.34 19.64 17.41 17.21 16.46 17.44 16.02 15.40 15.00 14.07 13.98 14.08
11 Belgium Belgium 4.78 8.31 11.90 12.90 13.51 11.55 10.36 10.53 14.69 13.61 14.29 15.07 12.45 14.00 12.88 10.35 13.43 15.99 14.90 13.09
12 Ireland Ireland 7.14 7.20 15.79 7.14 11.34 10.42 7.51 13.70 11.26 8.51 7.19 7.69 6.00 10.38 8.47 6.32 6.65 6.52 7.35 12.14
13 Norway Norway 3.03 5.26 15.38 2.53 7.77 6.42 9.21 7.32 5.73 9.38 8.61 10.51 7.34 7.56 7.54 10.59 6.14 8.59 9.49 12.00
14 Austria Austria 4.00 6.95 3.58 7.85 5.54 8.94 10.02 7.29 8.08 8.44 6.69 8.79 7.75 9.03 7.75 6.42 6.69 8.37 12.00 11.93
15 Philippines Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 11.11 14.29 5.56 8.33 6.67 0.00 0.00 5.00 6.00 1.12 5.00 4.42 11.76
16 Canada Canada 9.18 13.54 15.99 14.79 11.27 13.20 7.55 10.35 9.11 10.68 11.50 9.95 9.56 10.34 10.04 9.89 9.21 9.47 10.66 11.68
17 UK UK 3.05 6.12 5.87 8.71 6.99 6.58 5.42 5.12 6.32 8.17 8.81 7.89 8.08 9.50 8.43 7.76 8.46 8.25 9.30 9.73
18 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.00 14.29 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.38 2.27 3.03 3.74 4.33 5.88 6.31 5.54 5.44 4.86 9.00 10.21 10.06 7.29
19 Sweden Sweden 4.41 5.98 7.75 7.04 7.89 8.56 6.22 7.84 9.76 10.10 9.11 9.85 9.65 11.76 9.53 7.73 7.99 7.15 7.63 7.02
20 Denmark Denmark 1.94 8.47 6.37 9.09 10.00 6.52 9.18 11.05 11.11 8.93 8.36 8.12 9.24 6.11 7.20 6.73 5.70 7.13 7.98 6.89
21 New Zealand New Zealand 3.70 5.36 6.82 5.97 7.41 5.43 4.39 5.81 3.38 3.24 3.79 4.69 4.50 4.64 5.22 4.74 5.85 2.99 3.33 6.82
22 Singapore Singapore 1.30 5.72 6.70 3.11 4.56 5.45 5.50 5.42 5.32 5.67 6.16 5.24 7.35 5.68 7.41 7.35 6.74 7.54 8.37 6.38
23 Italy Italy 3.11 3.53 3.74 5.00 4.74 5.20 4.81 5.36 4.40 5.73 5.46 4.74 4.60 5.04 4.41 4.00 4.30 4.46 4.88 5.75
24 Costa rica Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 16.67 16.67 8.33 0.00 17.39 5.56
25 Slovenia Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.78 1.12 0.00 1.34 1.18 1.06 0.48 3.39 2.69 1.74 5.14 4.17 1.52 4.57 4.06 1.60 5.33
26 Spain Spain 0.60 2.10 1.93 1.37 2.42 2.38 2.86 2.30 2.26 2.83 2.94 3.55 3.76 3.88 3.10 3.60 3.61 4.25 3.68
27 Cuba Cuba 0.00 0.00 5.26 0.00 4.76 0.00 0.00 9.76 10.81 4.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.30 4.08 5.36 3.23 0.00 0.00 3.03
28 Australia Australia 3.50 3.86 5.29 12.56 5.93 8.12 6.09 5.15 5.18 5.77 4.78 2.84 2.80 2.52 2.31 2.48 2.69 2.71 2.65 2.71
29 China China 0.15 0.43 0.70 1.05 0.89 1.31 1.04 1.25 1.92 2.13 2.08 2.53 2.70 2.30 2.29 2.28 2.45 2.49 2.43 2.50
30 UAE UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.25 3.23 6.12 4.07 3.78 2.27 1.67 2.28 2.59 2.22
31 Chile Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.11 0.92 1.68 1.34 1.84 0.93 1.74 4.12 3.74 1.84 1.95 2.39 3.46 2.21
32 Qatar Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 1.44 0.90 1.21 3.58 3.05 2.11
33 Mexico Mexico 0.00 1.67 1.42 0.00 0.29 0.86 1.06 1.71 1.43 2.47 0.66 2.05 2.72 3.17 2.73 2.07 2.47 1.64 0.79 2.11
34 Turkey Turkey 0.00 1.02 0.72 0.00 0.00 2.41 1.52 1.94 0.52 0.67 0.79 1.47 1.44 0.91 1.26 2.09 1.46 2.20 1.25 1.70
35 Lithuania Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.69 1.15 0.00 0.00 1.03 1.00 0.75 3.01 0.74 5.45 3.52 4.00 5.29 2.55 0.92 1.69
36 Cyprus Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 18.18 5.88 2.86 8.11 18.92 8.11 10.42 1.54 3.77 6.35 6.06 2.61 6.29 4.29 1.67
37 Czech Republic Czech Republic 0.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.06 0.29 0.82 2.50 1.59 2.99 1.73 2.28 1.91 3.56 2.08 2.18 1.61 2.39 1.87 1.57
38 Portugal Portugal 0.00 0.83 0.00 1.06 1.08 0.30 0.00 1.40 1.09 1.73 2.55 1.77 1.85 1.22 1.39 2.02 1.38 1.65 1.83 1.43
39 Poland Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.89 0.47 0.53 0.40 0.17 0.79 0.33 0.61 1.30 0.90 1.11 1.98 2.10 2.06 1.59 1.66 1.42
40 Colombia Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.70 1.46 2.38 2.71 3.20 1.90 1.69 2.00 1.32
41 Kuwait Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.33 1.72 8.86 3.10 0.48 1.23
42 Slovakia Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.61 1.71 2.02 0.80 0.66 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 0.52 0.29 0.54 1.20
43 South Africa South Africa 13.04 17.39 16.67 6.67 8.05 7.22 2.63 3.97 1.01 5.34 4.73 3.19 4.19 3.51 2.29 1.70 1.65 1.44 1.04 1.11
44 Romania Romania 0.97 0.00 1.22 0.48 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.30 0.86 0.65 0.57 1.12 1.48 1.42 0.97 0.66 0.67 1.11
45 Greece Greece 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.29 0.00 0.64 1.66 1.01 2.07 1.43 2.43 1.16 0.75 0.95 1.00 0.53 1.03 1.07
46 Brazil Brazil 0.00 0.39 0.66 1.28 0.96 0.81 0.95 1.73 2.10 1.23 1.69 1.44 1.62 1.98 1.64 1.13 1.32 1.27 1.36 1.03
47 Ukraine Ukraine 0.00 1.61 0.66 1.95 0.25 0.00 0.65 1.88 0.20 1.05 1.18 0.48 1.02 0.26 0.11 0.42 0.49 0.29 0.20 0.93
48 Morocco Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.25 0.99 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 1.65 1.40 0.27 0.92
49 Argentina Argentina 1.10 0.00 0.95 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.48 0.40 0.66 0.72 1.08 0.72 0.93 0.63 1.14 0.50 1.22 0.42 0.83 0.82
50 India India 1.18 2.59 1.77 2.89 2.79 1.78 2.12 1.49 1.22 1.26 1.32 1.64 1.50 1.41 1.56 1.37 1.19 1.03 0.91 0.77
51 Russia Russia 0.38 0.94 1.20 1.09 0.70 1.57 0.94 1.24 1.18 1.20 1.08 0.97 1.05 1.23 0.64 0.85 0.64 0.30 0.27 0.45
52 Hungary Hungary 0.00 1.19 0.47 0.83 0.36 1.11 2.21 1.82 1.97 3.66 3.53 2.54 2.19 3.10 2.00 2.34 1.04 0.80 0.81 0.41
53 Malaysia Malaysia 0.00 31.82 3.03 5.36 9.62 11.34 11.54 1.91 1.01 0.77 0.76 1.20 0.75 0.81 0.69 0.93 0.35 0.66 0.36 0.41
54 Iran Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.51 0.00 0.35 1.05 0.95 0.56 0.94 0.86 0.84 0.42 0.39 0.50 0.43 0.40 0.59 0.36 0.39
55 Egypt Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.86 0.00 1.85 0.00 0.34 0.27 0.42 0.76 0.71 0.54 1.35 0.43 0.26 0.34 0.17 0.38
56 Thailand Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.23 7.69 2.22 2.72 0.50 0.93 0.86 1.26 0.46 0.60 0.53 0.97 0.60 0.25 0.31 0.56 0.45 0.32
57 Vietnam Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.38 0.00 2.26 0.73 0.35 1.97 0.43 0.00 0.39 0.39 0.29
58 Pakistan Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.08 1.68 0.00 1.29 0.58 0.43 0.63 0.21 0.30 0.45 0.10 0.25 0.06
59 Croatia Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.32 0.00 0.00 2.21 0.00 0.00 0.77 0.68 0.00 0.00 1.12 0.47 0.00
60 Syria Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
61 Algeria Algeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.92 0.00 0.68 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
62 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 116.67 54.55 325.00 166.67 325.00 75.00 233.33 275.00 85.71 200.00 100.00 18.18 220.00 0.00
63 Paraguay Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
64 Panama Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 100.00 66.67 50.00 100.00 0.00 62.50 0.00 0.00 0.00
65 Oman Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.10 0.00 0.00 0.00
66 North Korea North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 16.67 0.00 9.09 2.56 0.00
67 Serbia Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00
68 Armenia Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.38 0.00 1.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
69 Tunisia Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.36 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.00 0.00
70 Nigeria Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
71 Uruguay Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 13.33 0.00 0.00 2.94 6.67 6.45 0.00 0.00 2.86 1.64 0.00 1.54 0.00
72 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
73 Venezuela Venezuela 5.26 32.14 12.90 5.26 6.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.38 2.44 1.85 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
74 Peru Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.56 0.00
75 Angola Angola 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00
76 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.32 0.00 3.13 2.86 1.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
77 Lebanon Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.53 0.00 0.00 0.00
78 Jamaica Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
79 Yemen Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
80 Estonia Estonia 0.00 4.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.27 2.38 0.00 4.55 2.74 2.82 7.07 3.25 2.14 3.68 4.17 5.41 0.70 0.00
81 Indonesia Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
82 Latvia Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.27 0.00 3.39 1.37 1.61 0.00 6.14 5.88 4.00 0.93 2.38 0.00
83 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 4.92 1.19 1.61 0.58 0.49 1.52 0.00
84 Jordan Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.94 0.00 0.71 2.47 0.48 0.00
85 Iraq Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
86 Bahrain Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
87 Iceland Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 7.50 0.00 0.00 5.17 3.64 0.00
88 Georgia Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 5.26 0.00 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
89 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.00 1.30 0.00 0.00 1.72 0.90 0.53 0.57 0.48 0.00 0.47 0.54 0.45 0.00 0.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 0.00
90 Bosnia Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
91 Belarus Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.04 0.88 1.11 1.94 2.00 1.53 0.66 0.66 0.56 0.66 2.67 0.51 1.85 1.24 0.37 0.00 0.00
92 Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00
93 Afghanistan Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)