REPORT TOOLBOX
INFO
Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 [June]
1 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 140.00 60.00 325.00 166.67 325.00 75.00 233.33 275.00 75.00 250.00 120.00 18.18 220.00 0.00 300.00 500.00
2 USA USA 23.98 41.10 48.39 48.38 43.29 44.15 41.38 41.54 40.25 44.26 40.85 41.78 42.17 46.87 43.86 43.40 42.94 41.84 44.99 45.68 49.00 54.72
3 Paraguay Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
4 Luxembourg Luxembourg 100.00 0.00 0.00 266.67 71.43 100.00 120.00 0.00 56.25 18.18 25.00 29.63 28.36 35.85 45.28 32.58 58.54 52.08 45.95 42.11 41.41 37.78
5 Taiwan Taiwan 7.04 15.02 12.55 16.68 20.12 23.05 26.28 22.77 29.40 31.45 29.12 36.89 33.55 37.96 39.06 36.11 33.44 32.85 36.83 32.57 31.83 36.40
6 Japan Japan 11.09 14.64 16.33 17.29 17.97 18.95 18.47 18.07 21.82 26.67 23.34 27.75 25.90 28.76 30.29 27.53 25.61 26.65 27.74 26.24 26.86 30.66
7 South Korea South Korea 5.54 10.30 9.84 13.35 19.86 18.06 21.42 19.16 19.21 25.01 22.12 21.52 22.78 25.20 26.94 29.11 29.18 24.13 25.34 25.60 24.53 26.67
8 Switzerland Switzerland 6.63 11.03 14.99 13.55 15.92 13.56 17.22 19,600.00 16.01 17.52 14.75 13.66 14.57 20.76 16.07 16.56 18.42 18.87 18.51 17.66 20.68 24.02
9 Netherlands Netherlands 4.55 7.72 11.76 12.78 16.24 16.78 17.20 23.72 22.33 27.16 22.25 22.88 18.93 21.59 23.94 17.22 18.29 18.09 17.60 18.22 19.30 17.26
10 Finland Finland 3.80 5.39 4.98 10.14 8.03 6.94 7.71 6.29 9.40 9.16 7.11 11.24 12.83 13.11 11.18 19.16 19.31 14.89 16.82 17.12 16.74 16.82
11 France France 10.28 11.05 13.65 13.73 10.68 10.85 10.78 10.61 10.82 13.12 13.70 11.25 13.13 15.69 15.06 13.43 13.85 15.71 14.35 13.06 13.16 16.13
12 Belgium Belgium 4.98 8.54 11.90 12.90 13.73 11.57 10.41 10.35 14.25 13.36 13.88 14.26 11.82 13.39 12.44 10.13 12.93 15.37 14.23 11.18 15.38 16.06
13 Ireland Ireland 8.33 8.82 19.05 8.74 14.36 13.43 9.45 16.91 14.19 10.14 8.81 9.04 6.76 11.60 10.14 7.61 8.09 7.70 8.92 12.17 14.42 14.69
14 Germany Germany 6.22 10.84 14.80 16.33 13.66 15.61 13.71 13.88 14.68 16.68 15.28 14.64 13.93 15.35 14.45 13.30 14.51 13.66 14.28 12.74 12.44 13.85
World World 10.88 17.41 20.25 20.37 18.76 19.20 17.77 16.94 16.82 18.90 16.75 16.65 15.89 16.85 16.00 15.38 14.47 13.61 13.37 13.06 12.79 12.58
15 Canada Canada 9.27 13.59 16.27 14.70 11.16 13.12 7.50 10.29 8.88 10.51 11.36 9.67 9.15 9.94 10.07 9.95 9.11 9.29 10.28 10.11 10.91 10.82
16 UK UK 3.09 6.20 5.89 8.78 7.09 6.64 5.44 5.10 6.26 8.13 8.73 7.82 7.71 9.03 8.28 7.71 8.30 8.11 8.98 8.53 8.58 9.29
17 Denmark Denmark 1.95 8.74 6.60 9.05 10.17 6.62 9.56 11.23 11.11 8.97 8.29 7.94 8.79 5.89 7.20 6.75 5.68 7.01 7.77 6.35 6.36 8.97
18 Sweden Sweden 4.58 6.09 7.87 7.10 8.00 8.50 6.18 7.78 9.74 10.03 10,500.00 9.79 9.36 11.43 9.42 7.78 7.93 7.11 7.48 6.47 7.23 8.95
19 Austria Austria 4.00 7.14 3.62 7.89 5.60 8.88 9.93 7.30 7.87 8.41 6.62 8.75 7.63 8.73 7.83 6.46 6.60 8.29 11.72 13.12 12.19 8.54
20 Norway Norway 2.56 5.13 14.55 2.53 7.48 5.83 8.81 7.06 5.50 8.96 8.27 10.37 6.92 7.19 7.30 10.38 5.79 8.44 9.21 8.98 5.67 7.72
21 Costa rica Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 18.18 18.18 8.33 0.00 17.39 8.11 11.43 7.14
22 Estonia Estonia 0.00 4.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.44 2.38 0.00 4.55 2.70 2.78 7.00 3.28 2.14 3.62 4.03 5.30 0.67 0.65 5.29 6.74
23 Singapore Singapore 1.32 5.76 6.92 3.17 4.60 5.45 5.50 5.43 5.29 5.68 6.16 5.24 7.21 5.59 7.35 7.39 6.60 7.41 8.23 6.51 6.28 6.37
24 Slovenia Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.74 1.14 0.00 1.39 1.24 1.07 0.49 3.29 2.68 1.69 5.12 4.01 1.56 4.52 3.99 1.56 3.68 2.27 5.95
25 Lebanon Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.70 0.00 0.00 0.60 0.66 5.88
26 New Zealand New Zealand 3.64 5.66 6.98 5.97 7.32 5.26 4.42 5.65 3.47 3.21 3.64 4.67 3.96 4.31 5.14 4.85 5.76 2.86 3.20 5.81 2.39 5.41
27 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.00 16.67 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.68 2.38 3.01 3.74 4.28 5.82 6.10 5.38 5.38 4.90 8.83 9.93 9.82 7.15 6.42 5.07
28 Cuba Cuba 0.00 0.00 4.76 0.00 4.65 0.00 0.00 9.52 9.76 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.76 4.26 6.00 3.17 0.00 0.00 7.69 5.36 4.55
29 Qatar Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 1.42 0.91 1.20 3.45 2.94 2.12 3.47 4.52
30 Italy Italy 3.18 3.57 3.84 4.99 4.73 5.20 4.75 5.25 4.35 5.68 5.40 4.67 4.35 4.82 4.43 4.05 4.23 4.36 4.72 4.91 4.20 4.32
31 Chile Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.13 0.94 1.64 1.29 1.85 0.91 1.69 4.04 3.73 1.84 1.95 2.31 3.40 2.35 3.38 3.81
32 Spain Spain 0.60 2.08 1.95 1.35 2.41 2.34 2.80 2.24 2.19 2.77 2.87 3.37 3.57 3.74 3.05 3.50 3.49 4.08 3.46 3.88 3.76
33 UAE UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.25 3.19 5.77 3.85 3.98 2.46 1.66 2.24 2.50 2.44 3.20 3.62
34 Lithuania Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.64 1.12 0.00 0.00 1.02 1.00 0.74 2.90 0.72 5.39 3.43 3.95 5.18 2.48 0.90 1.91 2.87 3.39
35 Australia Australia 3.46 3.78 5.30 12.50 5.91 8.16 6.01 5.07 4.93 5.74 4.71 2.75 2.69 2.42 2.28 2.49 2.67 2.65 2.59 2.56 2.84 3.13
36 Philippines Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 12.50 12.50 5.88 8.33 5.88 0.00 0.00 5.88 6.98 1.14 4.82 4.39 5.38 0.00 2.94
37 China China 0.15 0.44 0.71 1.06 0.89 1.31 1.04 1.24 1.89 2.10 2.04 2.47 2.64 2.24 2.25 2.25 2.40 2.43 2.36 2.61 2.94 2.88
38 Greece Greece 0.00 0.64 0.00 0.00 1.10 1.26 0.00 0.61 1.57 0.98 2.01 1.36 2.31 1.08 0.75 0.97 0.95 0.51 0.97 1.00 2.05 2.43
39 Cyprus Cyprus 0.00 25.00 50.00 50.00 16.67 16.67 5.00 2.56 7.14 15.91 8.33 10.20 1.37 3.85 6.90 7.02 4.69 11.69 8.82 3.19 0.90 1.89
40 Portugal Portugal 0.00 0.81 0.00 1.07 1.06 0.29 0.00 1.36 1.07 1.73 2.50 1.74 1.74 1.16 1.34 2.04 1.34 1.58 1.76 1.58 2.11 1.75
41 Poland Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.90 0.47 0.53 0.40 0.17 0.78 0.32 0.61 1.29 0.87 1.08 2.00 2.13 2.02 1.55 1.61 1.29 1.37 1.52
42 Colombia Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.22 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.66 1.45 2.34 2.96 3.54 1.92 1.68 1.96 1.34 1.86 1.47
43 Brazil Brazil 0.00 0.40 0.67 1.30 0.97 0.82 0.95 1.74 2.06 1.24 1.69 1.41 1.59 1.93 1.65 1.16 1.30 1.26 1.32 0.83 1.08 1.39
44 Hungary Hungary 0.00 1.20 0.48 0.83 0.36 1.13 2.21 1.82 1.98 3.64 3.60 2.44 2.15 3.02 2.06 2.38 1.03 0.79 0.79 0.52 0.62 1.09
45 Slovakia Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.57 1.75 2.08 0.79 0.64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 0.49 0.29 0.51 0.90 0.64 1.01
46 Czech Republic Czech Republic 0.72 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.29 0.82 2.48 1.60 2.96 1.71 2.23 1.88 3.43 2.09 2.19 1.60 2.34 1.83 1.39 2.14 0.92
47 South Africa South Africa 11.54 16.00 15.38 7.02 8.14 6.80 2.59 3.82 0.98 5.32 4.67 3.09 3.89 3.27 2.33 1.74 1.61 1.39 0.99 1.27 1.13 0.86
48 Ukraine Ukraine 0.00 1.69 0.68 2.01 0.25 0.00 0.66 1.90 0.20 1.06 1.19 0.49 1.00 0.26 0.14 0.55 0.49 0.29 0.20 0.64 0.78 0.84
49 Turkey Turkey 0.00 1.09 0.75 0.00 0.00 2.49 1.55 1.98 0.53 0.67 0.80 1.46 1.43 0.90 1.27 2.13 1.44 2.17 1.22 1.37 1.00 0.83
50 India India 1.20 2.64 1.77 2.92 2.81 1.80 2.13 1.49 1.21 1.25 1.30 1.60 1.45 1.36 1.62 1.45 1.17 1.00 0.86 0.74 0.69 0.83
51 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.00 1.28 0.00 0.00 1.74 0.87 0.53 0.56 0.47 0.00 0.46 0.52 0.43 0.00 0.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 1.11 0.79
52 Argentina Argentina 1.09 0.00 0.94 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.48 0.40 0.63 0.72 1.07 0.71 0.90 0.61 1.10 0.51 1.22 0.41 0.82 0.66 1.74 0.66
53 Kuwait Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.56 1.89 8.75 3.13 0.47 0.52 1.40 0.62
54 Serbia Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.56
55 Russia Russia 0.39 0.96 1.21 1.10 0.71 1.60 0.94 1.25 1.18 1.20 1.07 0.97 1.02 1.20 0.71 0.95 0.63 0.29 0.26 0.39 0.49 0.52
56 Romania Romania 1.00 0.00 1.23 0.49 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.29 0.86 0.65 0.55 1.09 1.50 1.47 0.96 0.65 0.64 0.63 0.40 0.51
57 Mexico Mexico 0.00 1.65 1.40 0.00 0.29 0.87 1.02 1.71 1.43 2.47 0.66 2.01 2.67 3.15 2.79 2.12 2.45 1.62 0.76 1.35 0.53 0.43
58 Iran Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.57 0.00 0.36 1.07 0.96 0.56 0.95 0.86 0.85 0.42 0.38 0.54 0.47 0.40 0.58 0.35 0.46 0.46 0.31
59 Morocco Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.27 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.01 1.65 1.36 0.26 0.40 0.32 0.30
60 Nigeria Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29
61 Malaysia Malaysia 0.00 30.43 2.94 5.36 9.62 11.58 12.00 1.94 0.99 0.78 0.76 1.19 0.75 0.81 0.75 1.02 0.35 0.64 0.35 0.41 0.19 0.27
62 Vietnam Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 2.29 0.71 0.34 1.90 0.44 0.00 0.38 0.37 0.25 0.42 0.26
63 Thailand Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.13 7.84 2.25 2.72 0.50 0.93 0.86 1.26 0.46 0.60 0.53 0.95 0.61 0.26 0.31 0.56 0.44 0.61 0.45 0.21
64 Indonesia Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.20
65 Egypt Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.99 0.00 1.88 0.00 0.33 0.27 0.42 0.76 0.70 0.54 1.45 0.46 0.26 0.33 0.16 0.16 0.06 0.16
66 Pakistan Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.67 0.00 1.30 0.59 0.43 0.64 0.22 0.32 0.45 0.10 0.24 0.13 0.06 0.04
67 Tunisia Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
68 North Korea North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 16.67 0.00 9.09 2.56 0.00 2.38 0.00
69 Venezuela Venezuela 5.88 33.33 12.90 5.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.67 2.63 1.85 1.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
70 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
71 Panama Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 50.00 0.00 100.00 50.00 100.00 0.00 83.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.11 0.00
72 Peru Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.54 1.41 0.83 0.00
73 Uruguay Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 15.38 0.00 0.00 2.94 6.45 5.88 0.00 0.00 2.78 1.64 0.00 1.45 0.00 0.00 0.00
74 Syria Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
75 Belarus Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.17 0.88 1.11 1.92 2.01 1.53 0.66 0.66 0.54 0.64 2.60 0.57 2.16 1.24 0.36 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00
76 Afghanistan Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
77 Oman Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 0.00
78 Iceland Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 7.32 0.00 0.00 5.17 3.57 0.00 0.00 0.00
79 Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
80 Iraq Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
81 Jamaica Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
82 Jordan Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.27 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.67 1.10 0.00 0.76 2.56 0.51 0.00 0.27 0.00
83 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 5.00 1.67