REPORT TOOLBOX
INFO
Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 140.00 54.55 325.00 166.67 325.00 75.00 233.33 220.00 85.71 200.00 100.00 20.00 220.00
2 Angola Angola 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
3 USA USA 23.96 41.17 48.19 48.27 43.32 44.01 41.84 42.12 41.45 45.80 42.54 43.04 43.57 48.00 44.02 43.69 44.32 43.63 47.85
4 Luxembourg Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 83.33 88.89 120.00 33.33 52.94 16.67 25.00 29.09 28.36 35.85 40.00 32.95 56.47 54.95 46.79
5 Taiwan Taiwan 7.01 14.74 12.41 16.41 20.00 22.67 26.10 22.44 29.23 31.43 28.82 36.77 33.56 37.71 38.67 36.05 33.46 33.31 37.96
6 Japan Japan 10.77 14.37 16.03 16.91 17.82 18.64 18.34 18.03 21.85 26.90 23.54 27.95 26.18 28.75 29.81 27.28 25.86 26.94 28.50
7 South Korea South Korea 5.56 10.20 9.73 13.31 19.61 17.97 21.14 18.94 19.11 24.93 22.21 21.60 22.77 25.18 26.32 28.32 29.26 24.48 26.16
8 Switzerland Switzerland 6.40 10.96 14.53 13.11 15.63 13.64 17.32 18.05 16.25 18.25 15.11 13.77 14.75 21.35 16.21 16.72 18.48 19.48 19.39
9 Netherlands Netherlands 4.51 7.57 11.72 12.81 16.06 16.65 17.06 24.10 22.67 28.03 23.37 23.42 19.54 22.06 24.19 17.50 18.74 18.95 18.43
10 Costa rica Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.08 16.67 16.67 8.00 0.00 18.18
11 Finland Finland 3.82 5.26 4.90 10.00 7.94 6.72 7.50 6.32 9.45 9.38 7.26 11.51 12.97 13.26 11.02 19.08 19.01 15.33 17.52
12 France France 10.10 10.87 13.50 13.73 10.71 10.81 10.86 10.79 11.02 13.48 14.19 11.56 13.60 16.17 15.02 13.54 14.16 16.44 15.16
13 Germany Germany 6.12 10.62 14.55 16.11 13.67 15.50 13.72 14.04 14.93 17.37 15.67 15.02 14.44 15.77 14.47 13.36 14.92 14.11 15.13
14 Belgium Belgium 4.78 8.27 11.81 12.77 13.59 11.53 10.33 10.49 14.55 13.91 14.52 14.85 12.36 13.74 12.56 10.33 13.34 16.21 15.12
World World 10.74 17.17 19.98 20.15 18.62 19.01 17.70 17.02 17.06 19.29 17.09 16.93 16.20 17.14 15.75 15.20 14.79 14.10 14.13
15 Austria Austria 3.98 6.90 3.56 7.76 5.48 8.98 10.11 7.29 7.98 8.62 6.74 8.62 7.60 8.89 7.66 6.50 6.57 8.51 12.18
16 Canada Canada 9.18 13.56 15.85 14.75 11.08 13.00 7.49 10.29 8.95 10.83 11.74 9.82 9.42 10.18 9.99 9.93 9.28 9.56 10.82
17 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.00 12.50 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.68 2.22 2.88 3.75 4.26 5.88 6.21 5.41 5.36 4.85 9.02 10.29 10.35
18 Norway Norway 3.03 5.26 15.38 2.56 7.69 6.31 9.15 7.23 5.76 9.52 8.71 10.54 7.32 7.41 7.69 10.59 6.19 8.61 9.64
19 UK UK 3.04 6.08 5.83 8.63 6.93 6.53 5.40 5.13 6.47 8.42 8.97 7.99 7.98 9.30 8.25 7.91 8.50 8.43 9.50
20 Singapore Singapore 1.30 5.67 6.70 3.08 4.49 5.38 5.49 5.39 5.33 5.71 6.22 5.27 7.23 5.60 7.29 7.38 6.77 7.62 8.51
21 Denmark Denmark 1.94 8.47 6.31 8.94 10.04 6.41 9.03 11.26 11.08 9.02 8.43 7.97 9.16 6.06 7.17 6.81 5.72 7.20 8.11
22 Sweden Sweden 4.41 5.95 7.69 6.98 7.86 8.42 6.21 7.86 9.81 10.20 9.11 9.87 9.55 11.61 9.44 7.76 8.06 7.28 7.75
23 Ireland Ireland 7.14 7.20 15.79 7.05 11.25 10.15 7.47 13.82 11.08 8.49 7.43 7.81 5.88 10.12 8.42 6.52 6.74 6.71 7.52
24 Italy Italy 3.09 3.52 3.73 4.91 4.72 5.12 4.75 5.41 4.45 5.83 5.54 4.77 4.54 4.97 4.41 4.05 4.35 4.56 4.97
25 Philippines Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 11.11 14.29 5.56 7.69 6.25 0.00 0.00 4.88 6.00 1.11 5.13 4.63
26 Spain Spain 0.60 2.09 1.92 1.36 2.38 2.36 2.84 2.30 2.29 2.86 2.98 3.52 3.70 3.81 3.14 3.60 3.67 4.33
27 Cyprus Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 18.18 5.88 2.86 8.33 20.00 8.33 10.42 1.54 3.70 6.45 6.35 2.73 6.38 4.32
28 Iceland Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 6.98 0.00 0.00 5.17 3.64
29 Chile Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.08 0.90 1.64 1.33 1.83 0.90 1.69 4.00 3.67 1.83 1.94 2.40 3.53
30 New Zealand New Zealand 3.70 5.26 6.82 5.88 7.41 5.38 4.42 5.85 3.40 3.37 3.83 4.81 4.37 4.60 5.24 4.76 5.85 3.00 3.40
31 Qatar Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 1.40 0.93 1.24 3.58 3.17
32 Australia Australia 3.46 3.84 5.27 12.35 5.94 8.12 6.05 5.17 5.12 5.84 4.86 2.80 2.76 2.48 2.29 2.51 2.74 2.73 2.70
33 UAE UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.35 3.26 6.06 3.97 3.72 2.31 1.71 2.31 2.63
34 North Korea North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 16.67 0.00 8.70 2.56
35 China China 0.15 0.43 0.70 1.04 0.88 1.29 1.03 1.23 1.89 2.12 2.05 2.49 2.67 2.27 2.26 2.26 2.42 2.50 2.47
36 Latvia Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.27 0.00 3.28 1.35 1.61 0.00 6.19 6.06 3.96 1.06 2.38
37 Colombia Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.64 1.45 2.33 2.76 3.20 1.93 1.71 2.07
38 Czech Republic Czech Republic 0.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.08 0.28 0.81 2.49 1.60 3.03 1.76 2.24 1.88 3.50 2.04 2.19 1.63 2.43 1.90
39 Portugal Portugal 0.00 0.83 0.00 1.05 1.08 0.30 0.00 1.43 1.12 1.76 2.65 1.77 1.82 1.21 1.36 2.10 1.44 1.73 1.86
40 Poland Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.88 0.47 0.51 0.39 0.17 0.78 0.33 0.61 1.29 0.88 1.09 1.97 2.09 2.07 1.60 1.70
41 Uruguay Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 13.33 0.00 0.00 3.13 6.90 6.45 0.00 0.00 2.78 1.64 0.00 1.64
42 Slovenia Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.67 1.11 0.00 1.32 1.20 1.08 0.50 3.54 2.69 1.69 5.10 4.11 1.53 4.53 4.13 1.61
43 Peru Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.59
44 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 4.84 1.19 1.59 0.58 0.50 1.59
45 Brazil Brazil 0.00 0.39 0.65 1.27 0.94 0.79 0.93 1.71 2.07 1.23 1.72 1.41 1.59 1.94 1.61 1.13 1.33 1.28 1.39
46 Turkey Turkey 0.00 1.02 0.72 0.00 0.00 2.34 1.49 1.92 0.50 0.66 0.77 1.42 1.40 0.89 1.23 2.09 1.48 2.24 1.28
47 South Africa South Africa 13.04 17.39 16.67 6.45 7.78 7.22 2.63 3.92 1.01 5.47 4.81 3.18 4.11 3.44 2.24 1.74 1.67 1.47 1.06
48 Greece Greece 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.26 0.00 0.63 1.65 1.01 2.10 1.41 2.41 1.14 0.76 0.95 1.02 0.54 1.05
49 Lithuania Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.67 1.09 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.99 0.75 2.94 0.74 5.29 3.45 3.98 5.32 2.75 0.94
50 India India 1.18 2.58 1.76 2.87 2.78 1.76 2.10 1.48 1.22 1.26 1.31 1.62 1.48 1.38 1.55 1.39 1.21 1.06 0.93
51 Argentina Argentina 1.10 0.00 0.93 0.00 0.68 0.00 0.47 0.40 0.65 0.73 1.09 0.71 0.91 0.62 1.10 0.51 1.24 0.43 0.85
52 Hungary Hungary 0.00 1.18 0.47 0.82 0.36 1.10 2.20 1.81 1.94 3.70 3.61 2.51 2.17 3.04 1.99 2.37 1.08 0.81 0.83
53 Mexico Mexico 0.00 1.67 1.41 0.00 0.29 0.86 1.05 1.69 1.46 2.47 0.66 2.03 2.69 3.22 2.75 2.11 2.47 1.67 0.81
54 Estonia Estonia 0.00 4.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 2.22 0.00 4.55 2.78 2.78 7.00 3.23 2.24 3.68 4.17 5.37 0.72
55 Romania Romania 0.97 0.00 1.22 0.48 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.30 0.88 0.66 0.55 1.10 1.47 1.46 1.01 0.68 0.69
56 Slovakia Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.53 1.69 2.02 0.82 0.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 0.53 0.30 0.56
57 Jordan Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.95 0.00 0.73 2.53 0.50
58 Kuwait Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 7.69 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.33 1.69 9.09 3.10 0.49
59 Croatia Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.30 0.00 0.00 2.34 0.00 0.00 0.75 0.67 0.00 0.00 1.12 0.48
60 Thailand Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.23 7.55 2.22 2.72 0.48 0.91 0.86 1.27 0.46 0.60 0.53 0.95 0.58 0.24 0.31 0.56 0.46
61 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.00 1.28 0.00 0.00 1.74 0.89 0.54 0.56 0.46 0.00 0.47 0.53 0.44 0.00 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.45
62 Vietnam Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.30 0.00 2.22 0.72 0.35 1.93 0.43 0.00 0.39 0.40
63 Malaysia Malaysia 0.00 31.82 3.03 5.36 9.62 11.34 11.22 1.88 1.01 0.78 0.77 1.18 0.75 0.81 0.69 0.93 0.36 0.68 0.37
64 Iran Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.57 0.00 0.35 1.04 0.96 0.57 0.94 0.86 0.84 0.41 0.38 0.50 0.43 0.40 0.59 0.36
65 Russia Russia 0.38 0.94 1.19 1.08 0.69 1.56 0.94 1.24 1.19 1.21 1.08 0.97 1.03 1.21 0.63 0.85 0.64 0.30 0.30
66 Serbia Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30
67 Morocco Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.23 1.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 1.59 1.40 0.28
68 Pakistan Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.06 1.68 0.00 1.24 0.57 0.42 0.63 0.21 0.30 0.46 0.10 0.25
69 Ukraine Ukraine 0.00 1.61 0.66 1.95 0.25 0.00 0.64 1.89 0.21 1.07 1.18 0.49 1.00 0.26 0.10 0.42 0.52 0.31 0.21
70 Egypt Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.78 0.00 1.83 0.00 0.33 0.26 0.42 0.76 0.70 0.53 1.34 0.43 0.26 0.34 0.17
71 Venezuela Venezuela 5.26 32.14 12.90 5.26 6.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.98 2.38 1.82 2.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00
72 Oman Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.10 0.00 0.00
73 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
74 Syria Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
75 Iraq Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
76 Jamaica Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
77 Algeria Algeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.87 0.00 0.64 1.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
78 Indonesia Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
79 Bahrain Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
80 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.54 0.00 3.03 2.78 1.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
81 Belarus Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.04 0.86 1.09 1.90 1.94 1.48 0.66 0.67 0.55 0.64 2.60 0.50 1.83 1.21 0.38 0.00
82 Armenia Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 1.37 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
83 Cuba Cuba 0.00 0.00 5.26 0.00 4.65 0.00 0.00 9.52 10.53 4.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 4.35 5.36 3.28 0.00 0.00
84 Lebanon Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.63 0.00 0.00
85 Panama Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 8.33 12.50 50.00 42.86 50.00 0.00 62.50 0.00 0.00
86 Georgia Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 6.67 0.00 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
87 Bosnia Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
88 Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00
89 Yemen Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
90 Nigeria Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
91 Tunisia Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.00
92 Paraguay Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
93 Afghanistan Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)