REPORT TOOLBOX
INFO
Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 [Sep]
1 USA USA 24.03 41.31 48.48 48.82 43.65 44.47 41.90 42.00 40.87 44.95 41.55 43.63 42.91 47.59 43.91 43.27 43.79 42.89 46.99 49.52
2 Luxembourg Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 83.33 88.89 120.00 33.33 60.00 16.22 25.00 29.09 28.36 35.85 44.44 32.58 57.83 54.35 45.95 38.20
3 Taiwan Taiwan 7.01 14.74 12.48 16.62 20.05 22.91 26.26 22.77 29.42 31.51 29.03 37.02 34.04 38.20 39.40 36.07 33.74 33.12 37.46 33.75
4 Japan Japan 10.79 14.43 16.09 17.04 17.89 18.79 18.48 18.03 21.81 26.63 23.35 27.75 26.53 29.23 29.66 26.94 25.63 26.65 28.03 27.46
5 South Korea South Korea 5.56 10.21 9.75 13.37 19.81 18.11 21.35 19.07 19.21 25.08 22.28 21.70 23.09 25.56 26.65 28.47 29.43 24.34 25.77 26.25
6 Switzerland Switzerland 6.41 10.94 14.73 13.31 15.74 13.75 17.43 18.10 16.15 17.91 14.87 13.79 14.95 21.62 16.45 16.67 18.65 19.14 19.09 20.37
7 Netherlands Netherlands 4.53 7.58 11.81 12.95 16.02 16.82 17.16 23.95 22.49 27.69 22.91 23.38 19.73 22.47 24.23 17.50 18.66 18.59 18.18 19.78
8 Finland Finland 3.85 5.29 4.90 10.25 7.97 6.76 7.59 6.32 9.41 9.15 7.16 11.64 13.13 13.50 11.11 19.18 19.32 15.12 17.32 17.22
9 France France 10.13 10.88 13.58 13.86 10.79 10.91 11.00 10.76 10.99 13.38 14.03 11.74 13.78 16.37 15.11 13.47 14.11 16.18 14.97 15.07
10 Germany Germany 6.15 10.65 14.60 16.30 13.64 15.63 13.79 13.90 14.88 17.00 15.50 15.20 14.59 15.96 14.54 13.34 14.86 13.96 14.87 14.38
World World 10.78 17.29 20.17 20.40 18.89 19.34 17.99 17.30 17.34 19.64 17.41 17.21 16.46 17.44 16.02 15.40 15.00 14.07 13.98 13.73
11 Austria Austria 4.00 6.95 3.58 7.85 5.54 8.94 10.02 7.29 8.08 8.44 6.69 8.79 7.75 9.03 7.75 6.42 6.69 8.37 12.00 12.86
12 Belgium Belgium 4.78 8.31 11.90 12.90 13.51 11.55 10.36 10.53 14.69 13.61 14.29 15.07 12.45 14.00 12.88 10.35 13.43 15.99 14.90 12.26
13 Canada Canada 9.18 13.54 15.99 14.79 11.27 13.20 7.55 10.35 9.11 10.68 11.50 9.95 9.56 10.34 10.04 9.89 9.21 9.47 10.66 11.25
14 Ireland Ireland 7.14 7.20 15.79 7.14 11.34 10.42 7.51 13.70 11.26 8.51 7.19 7.69 6.00 10.38 8.47 6.32 6.65 6.52 7.35 11.11
15 Norway Norway 3.03 5.26 15.38 2.53 7.77 6.42 9.21 7.32 5.73 9.38 8.61 10.51 7.34 7.56 7.54 10.59 6.14 8.59 9.49 10.76
16 UK UK 3.05 6.12 5.87 8.71 6.99 6.58 5.42 5.12 6.32 8.17 8.81 7.89 8.08 9.50 8.43 7.76 8.46 8.25 9.30 9.36
17 Costa rica Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 16.67 16.67 8.33 0.00 17.39 7.69
18 Denmark Denmark 1.94 8.47 6.37 9.09 10.00 6.52 9.18 11.05 11.11 8.93 8.36 8.12 9.24 6.11 7.20 6.73 5.70 7.13 7.98 7.32
19 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.00 14.29 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.38 2.27 3.03 3.74 4.33 5.88 6.31 5.54 5.44 4.86 9.00 10.21 10.06 7.17
20 Cuba Cuba 0.00 0.00 5.26 0.00 4.76 0.00 0.00 9.76 10.81 4.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.30 4.08 5.36 3.23 0.00 0.00 6.52
21 Singapore Singapore 1.30 5.72 6.70 3.11 4.56 5.45 5.50 5.42 5.32 5.67 6.16 5.24 7.35 5.68 7.41 7.35 6.74 7.54 8.37 6.47
22 Sweden Sweden 4.41 5.98 7.75 7.04 7.89 8.56 6.22 7.84 9.76 10.10 9.11 9.85 9.65 11.76 9.53 7.73 7.99 7.15 7.63 6.16
23 New Zealand New Zealand 3.70 5.36 6.82 5.97 7.41 5.43 4.39 5.81 3.38 3.24 3.79 4.69 4.50 4.64 5.22 4.74 5.85 2.99 3.33 5.63
24 Italy Italy 3.11 3.53 3.74 5.00 4.74 5.20 4.81 5.36 4.40 5.73 5.46 4.74 4.60 5.04 4.41 4.00 4.30 4.46 4.88 5.28
25 Slovenia Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.78 1.12 0.00 1.34 1.18 1.06 0.48 3.39 2.69 1.74 5.14 4.17 1.52 4.57 4.06 1.60 4.37
26 Spain Spain 0.60 2.10 1.93 1.37 2.42 2.38 2.86 2.30 2.26 2.83 2.94 3.55 3.76 3.88 3.10 3.60 3.61 4.25 3.66
27 Australia Australia 3.50 3.86 5.29 12.56 5.93 8.12 6.09 5.15 5.18 5.77 4.78 2.84 2.80 2.52 2.31 2.48 2.69 2.71 2.65 2.72
28 China China 0.15 0.43 0.70 1.05 0.89 1.31 1.04 1.25 1.92 2.13 2.08 2.53 2.70 2.30 2.29 2.28 2.45 2.49 2.43 2.60
29 Qatar Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 1.44 0.90 1.21 3.58 3.05 2.56
30 Chile Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.11 0.92 1.68 1.34 1.84 0.93 1.74 4.12 3.74 1.84 1.95 2.39 3.46 2.41
31 Philippines Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 11.11 14.29 5.56 8.33 6.67 0.00 0.00 5.00 6.00 1.12 5.00 4.42 2.33
32 Lithuania Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.69 1.15 0.00 0.00 1.03 1.00 0.75 3.01 0.74 5.45 3.52 4.00 5.29 2.55 0.92 2.16
33 UAE UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.25 3.23 6.12 4.07 3.78 2.27 1.67 2.28 2.59 2.07
34 Cyprus Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 18.18 5.88 2.86 8.11 18.92 8.11 10.42 1.54 3.77 6.35 6.06 2.61 6.29 4.29 2.04
35 Mexico Mexico 0.00 1.67 1.42 0.00 0.29 0.86 1.06 1.71 1.43 2.47 0.66 2.05 2.72 3.17 2.73 2.07 2.47 1.64 0.79 1.73
36 Portugal Portugal 0.00 0.83 0.00 1.06 1.08 0.30 0.00 1.40 1.09 1.73 2.55 1.77 1.85 1.22 1.39 2.02 1.38 1.65 1.83 1.68
37 Turkey Turkey 0.00 1.02 0.72 0.00 0.00 2.41 1.52 1.94 0.52 0.67 0.79 1.47 1.44 0.91 1.26 2.09 1.46 2.20 1.25 1.60
38 Czech Republic Czech Republic 0.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.06 0.29 0.82 2.50 1.59 2.99 1.73 2.28 1.91 3.56 2.08 2.18 1.61 2.39 1.87 1.50
39 South Africa South Africa 13.04 17.39 16.67 6.67 8.05 7.22 2.63 3.97 1.01 5.34 4.73 3.19 4.19 3.51 2.29 1.70 1.65 1.44 1.04 1.49
40 Latvia Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.27 0.00 3.39 1.37 1.61 0.00 6.14 5.88 4.00 0.93 2.38 1.41
41 Poland Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.89 0.47 0.53 0.40 0.17 0.79 0.33 0.61 1.30 0.90 1.11 1.98 2.10 2.06 1.59 1.66 1.25
42 Greece Greece 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.29 0.00 0.64 1.66 1.01 2.07 1.43 2.43 1.16 0.75 0.95 1.00 0.53 1.03 1.17
43 Colombia Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.70 1.46 2.38 2.71 3.20 1.90 1.69 2.00 1.10
44 Brazil Brazil 0.00 0.39 0.66 1.28 0.96 0.81 0.95 1.73 2.10 1.23 1.69 1.44 1.62 1.98 1.64 1.13 1.32 1.27 1.36 0.99
45 Slovakia Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.61 1.71 2.02 0.80 0.66 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 0.52 0.29 0.54 0.94
46 Estonia Estonia 0.00 4.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.27 2.38 0.00 4.55 2.74 2.82 7.07 3.25 2.14 3.68 4.17 5.41 0.70 0.93
47 Romania Romania 0.97 0.00 1.22 0.48 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.30 0.86 0.65 0.57 1.12 1.48 1.42 0.97 0.66 0.67 0.93
48 Lebanon Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.53 0.00 0.00 0.84
49 India India 1.18 2.59 1.77 2.89 2.79 1.78 2.12 1.49 1.22 1.26 1.32 1.64 1.50 1.41 1.56 1.37 1.19 1.03 0.91 0.83
50 Kuwait Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.33 1.72 8.86 3.10 0.48 0.81
51 Ukraine Ukraine 0.00 1.61 0.66 1.95 0.25 0.00 0.65 1.88 0.20 1.05 1.18 0.48 1.02 0.26 0.11 0.42 0.49 0.29 0.20 0.80
52 Argentina Argentina 1.10 0.00 0.95 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.48 0.40 0.66 0.72 1.08 0.72 0.93 0.63 1.14 0.50 1.22 0.42 0.83 0.76
53 Morocco Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.25 0.99 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 1.65 1.40 0.27 0.56
54 Hungary Hungary 0.00 1.19 0.47 0.83 0.36 1.11 2.21 1.82 1.97 3.66 3.53 2.54 2.19 3.10 2.00 2.34 1.04 0.80 0.81 0.50
55 Belarus Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.04 0.88 1.11 1.94 2.00 1.53 0.66 0.66 0.56 0.66 2.67 0.51 1.85 1.24 0.37 0.00 0.46
56 Thailand Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.23 7.69 2.22 2.72 0.50 0.93 0.86 1.26 0.46 0.60 0.53 0.97 0.60 0.25 0.31 0.56 0.45 0.40
57 Russia Russia 0.38 0.94 1.20 1.09 0.70 1.57 0.94 1.24 1.18 1.20 1.08 0.97 1.05 1.23 0.64 0.85 0.64 0.30 0.27 0.40
58 Malaysia Malaysia 0.00 31.82 3.03 5.36 9.62 11.34 11.54 1.91 1.01 0.77 0.76 1.20 0.75 0.81 0.69 0.93 0.35 0.66 0.36 0.40
59 Iran Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.51 0.00 0.35 1.05 0.95 0.56 0.94 0.86 0.84 0.42 0.39 0.50 0.43 0.40 0.59 0.36 0.38
60 Egypt Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.86 0.00 1.85 0.00 0.34 0.27 0.42 0.76 0.71 0.54 1.35 0.43 0.26 0.34 0.17 0.23
61 Vietnam Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.38 0.00 2.26 0.73 0.35 1.97 0.43 0.00 0.39 0.39 0.18
62 Pakistan Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.08 1.68 0.00 1.29 0.58 0.43 0.63 0.21 0.30 0.45 0.10 0.25 0.11
63 Indonesia Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
64 Oman Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.10 0.00 0.00 0.00
65 Bosnia Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
66 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.00 1.30 0.00 0.00 1.72 0.90 0.53 0.57 0.48 0.00 0.47 0.54 0.45 0.00 0.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 0.00
67 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 4.92 1.19 1.61 0.58 0.49 1.52 0.00
68 Croatia Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.32 0.00 0.00 2.21 0.00 0.00 0.77 0.68 0.00 0.00 1.12 0.47 0.00
69 Georgia Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 5.26 0.00 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
70 Iceland Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 7.50 0.00 0.00 5.17 3.64 0.00
71 Jordan Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.94 0.00 0.71 2.47 0.48 0.00
72 Venezuela Venezuela 5.26 32.14 12.90 5.26 6.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.38 2.44 1.85 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
73 Algeria Algeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.92 0.00 0.68 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
74 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
75 Syria Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
76 Nigeria Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
77 North Korea North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 16.67 0.00 9.09 2.56 0.00
78 Panama Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 100.00 66.67 50.00 100.00 0.00 62.50 0.00 0.00 0.00
79 Bahrain Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
80 Paraguay Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
81 Peru Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.56 0.00
82 Uruguay Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 13.33 0.00 0.00 2.94 6.67 6.45 0.00 0.00 2.86 1.64 0.00 1.54 0.00
83 Serbia Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00
84 Jamaica Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
85 Tunisia Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.36 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.00 0.00
86 Afghanistan Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
87 Iraq Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
88 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 116.67 54.55 325.00 166.67 325.00 75.00 233.33 275.00 85.71 200.00 100.00 18.18 220.00 0.00
89 Yemen Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
90 Angola Angola 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00
91 Armenia Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.38 0.00 1.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
92 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.32 0.00 3.13 2.86 1.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
93 Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)