REPORT TOOLBOX
INFO
Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1 USA USA 24.03 41.31 48.48 48.82 43.65 44.47 41.90 42.00 40.87 44.95 41.55 43.63 42.91 47.59 43.91 43.27 43.79 42.89 46.99 51.75
2 Luxembourg Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 83.33 88.89 120.00 33.33 60.00 16.22 25.00 29.09 28.36 35.85 44.44 32.58 57.83 54.35 45.95 44.44
3 Taiwan Taiwan 7.01 14.74 12.48 16.62 20.05 22.91 26.26 22.77 29.42 31.51 29.03 37.02 34.04 38.20 39.40 36.07 33.74 33.12 37.46 35.73
4 Japan Japan 10.79 14.43 16.09 17.04 17.89 18.79 18.48 18.03 21.81 26.63 23.35 27.75 26.53 29.23 29.66 26.94 25.63 26.65 28.03 28.48
5 South Korea South Korea 5.56 10.21 9.75 13.37 19.81 18.11 21.35 19.07 19.21 25.08 22.28 21.70 23.09 25.56 26.65 28.47 29.43 24.34 25.77 27.90
6 Netherlands Netherlands 4.53 7.58 11.81 12.95 16.02 16.82 17.16 23.95 22.49 27.69 22.91 23.38 19.73 22.47 24.23 17.50 18.66 18.59 18.18 20.34
7 Switzerland Switzerland 6.41 10.94 14.73 13.31 15.74 13.75 17.43 18.10 16.15 17.91 14.87 13.79 14.95 21.62 16.45 16.67 18.65 19.14 19.09 20.03
8 Finland Finland 3.85 5.29 4.90 10.25 7.97 6.76 7.59 6.32 9.41 9.15 7.16 11.64 13.13 13.50 11.11 19.18 19.32 15.12 17.32 18.88
World World 10.78 17.29 20.17 20.40 18.89 19.34 17.99 17.30 17.34 19.64 17.41 17.21 16.46 17.44 16.02 15.40 15.00 14.07 13.98 14.51
9 France France 10.13 10.88 13.58 13.86 10.79 10.91 11.00 10.76 10.99 13.38 14.03 11.74 13.78 16.37 15.11 13.47 14.11 16.18 14.97 14.51
10 Austria Austria 4.00 6.95 3.58 7.85 5.54 8.94 10.02 7.29 8.08 8.44 6.69 8.79 7.75 9.03 7.75 6.42 6.69 8.37 12.00 14.43
11 Germany Germany 6.15 10.65 14.60 16.30 13.64 15.63 13.79 13.90 14.88 17.00 15.50 15.20 14.59 15.96 14.54 13.34 14.86 13.96 14.87 14.31
12 Belgium Belgium 4.78 8.31 11.90 12.90 13.51 11.55 10.36 10.53 14.69 13.61 14.29 15.07 12.45 14.00 12.88 10.35 13.43 15.99 14.90 12.45
13 Canada Canada 9.18 13.54 15.99 14.79 11.27 13.20 7.55 10.35 9.11 10.68 11.50 9.95 9.56 10.34 10.04 9.89 9.21 9.47 10.66 11.31
14 Ireland Ireland 7.14 7.20 15.79 7.14 11.34 10.42 7.51 13.70 11.26 8.51 7.19 7.69 6.00 10.38 8.47 6.32 6.65 6.52 7.35 10.53
15 Norway Norway 3.03 5.26 15.38 2.53 7.77 6.42 9.21 7.32 5.73 9.38 8.61 10.51 7.34 7.56 7.54 10.59 6.14 8.59 9.49 10.16
16 UK UK 3.05 6.12 5.87 8.71 6.99 6.58 5.42 5.12 6.32 8.17 8.81 7.89 8.08 9.50 8.43 7.76 8.46 8.25 9.30 9.57
17 Cuba Cuba 0.00 0.00 5.26 0.00 4.76 0.00 0.00 9.76 10.81 4.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.30 4.08 5.36 3.23 0.00 0.00 8.62
18 Costa rica Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 16.67 16.67 8.33 0.00 17.39 8.57
19 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.00 14.29 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.38 2.27 3.03 3.74 4.33 5.88 6.31 5.54 5.44 4.86 9.00 10.21 10.06 8.00
20 Sweden Sweden 4.41 5.98 7.75 7.04 7.89 8.56 6.22 7.84 9.76 10.10 9.11 9.85 9.65 11.76 9.53 7.73 7.99 7.15 7.63 7.24
21 Denmark Denmark 1.94 8.47 6.37 9.09 10.00 6.52 9.18 11.05 11.11 8.93 8.36 8.12 9.24 6.11 7.20 6.73 5.70 7.13 7.98 7.11
22 Singapore Singapore 1.30 5.72 6.70 3.11 4.56 5.45 5.50 5.42 5.32 5.67 6.16 5.24 7.35 5.68 7.41 7.35 6.74 7.54 8.37 6.97
23 New Zealand New Zealand 3.70 5.36 6.82 5.97 7.41 5.43 4.39 5.81 3.38 3.24 3.79 4.69 4.50 4.64 5.22 4.74 5.85 2.99 3.33 6.76
24 Philippines Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 11.11 14.29 5.56 8.33 6.67 0.00 0.00 5.00 6.00 1.12 5.00 4.42 6.09
25 Italy Italy 3.11 3.53 3.74 5.00 4.74 5.20 4.81 5.36 4.40 5.73 5.46 4.74 4.60 5.04 4.41 4.00 4.30 4.46 4.88 5.45
26 Slovenia Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.78 1.12 0.00 1.34 1.18 1.06 0.48 3.39 2.69 1.74 5.14 4.17 1.52 4.57 4.06 1.60 4.14
27 Spain Spain 0.60 2.10 1.93 1.37 2.42 2.38 2.86 2.30 2.26 2.83 2.94 3.55 3.76 3.88 3.10 3.60 3.61 4.25 3.87
28 China China 0.15 0.43 0.70 1.05 0.89 1.31 1.04 1.25 1.92 2.13 2.08 2.53 2.70 2.30 2.29 2.28 2.45 2.49 2.43 2.85
29 Australia Australia 3.50 3.86 5.29 12.56 5.93 8.12 6.09 5.15 5.18 5.77 4.78 2.84 2.80 2.52 2.31 2.48 2.69 2.71 2.65 2.83
30 UAE UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.25 3.23 6.12 4.07 3.78 2.27 1.67 2.28 2.59 2.73
31 Chile Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.11 0.92 1.68 1.34 1.84 0.93 1.74 4.12 3.74 1.84 1.95 2.39 3.46 2.68
32 Qatar Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.97 1.44 0.90 1.21 3.58 3.05 2.44
33 Lithuania Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.69 1.15 0.00 0.00 1.03 1.00 0.75 3.01 0.74 5.45 3.52 4.00 5.29 2.55 0.92 2.18
34 Cyprus Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 18.18 5.88 2.86 8.11 18.92 8.11 10.42 1.54 3.77 6.35 6.06 2.61 6.29 4.29 2.17
35 Portugal Portugal 0.00 0.83 0.00 1.06 1.08 0.30 0.00 1.40 1.09 1.73 2.55 1.77 1.85 1.22 1.39 2.02 1.38 1.65 1.83 1.81
36 Peru Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.56 1.67
37 Czech Republic Czech Republic 0.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.06 0.29 0.82 2.50 1.59 2.99 1.73 2.28 1.91 3.56 2.08 2.18 1.61 2.39 1.87 1.55
38 Turkey Turkey 0.00 1.02 0.72 0.00 0.00 2.41 1.52 1.94 0.52 0.67 0.79 1.47 1.44 0.91 1.26 2.09 1.46 2.20 1.25 1.50
39 Mexico Mexico 0.00 1.67 1.42 0.00 0.29 0.86 1.06 1.71 1.43 2.47 0.66 2.05 2.72 3.17 2.73 2.07 2.47 1.64 0.79 1.49
40 Colombia Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.70 1.46 2.38 2.71 3.20 1.90 1.69 2.00 1.48
41 Poland Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.89 0.47 0.53 0.40 0.17 0.79 0.33 0.61 1.30 0.90 1.11 1.98 2.10 2.06 1.59 1.66 1.44
42 South Africa South Africa 13.04 17.39 16.67 6.67 8.05 7.22 2.63 3.97 1.01 5.34 4.73 3.19 4.19 3.51 2.29 1.70 1.65 1.44 1.04 1.44
43 Greece Greece 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.29 0.00 0.64 1.66 1.01 2.07 1.43 2.43 1.16 0.75 0.95 1.00 0.53 1.03 1.13
44 Latvia Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.27 0.00 3.39 1.37 1.61 0.00 6.14 5.88 4.00 0.93 2.38 1.06
45 Slovakia Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.61 1.71 2.02 0.80 0.66 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 0.52 0.29 0.54 0.99
46 Brazil Brazil 0.00 0.39 0.66 1.28 0.96 0.81 0.95 1.73 2.10 1.23 1.69 1.44 1.62 1.98 1.64 1.13 1.32 1.27 1.36 0.91
47 India India 1.18 2.59 1.77 2.89 2.79 1.78 2.12 1.49 1.22 1.26 1.32 1.64 1.50 1.41 1.56 1.37 1.19 1.03 0.91 0.83
48 Argentina Argentina 1.10 0.00 0.95 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.48 0.40 0.66 0.72 1.08 0.72 0.93 0.63 1.14 0.50 1.22 0.42 0.83 0.74
49 Estonia Estonia 0.00 4.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.27 2.38 0.00 4.55 2.74 2.82 7.07 3.25 2.14 3.68 4.17 5.41 0.70 0.73
50 Ukraine Ukraine 0.00 1.61 0.66 1.95 0.25 0.00 0.65 1.88 0.20 1.05 1.18 0.48 1.02 0.26 0.11 0.42 0.49 0.29 0.20 0.72
51 Romania Romania 0.97 0.00 1.22 0.48 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.30 0.86 0.65 0.57 1.12 1.48 1.42 0.97 0.66 0.67 0.70
52 Thailand Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.23 7.69 2.22 2.72 0.50 0.93 0.86 1.26 0.46 0.60 0.53 0.97 0.60 0.25 0.31 0.56 0.45 0.67
53 Lebanon Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.53 0.00 0.00 0.61
54 Kuwait Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.33 1.72 8.86 3.10 0.48 0.60
55 Hungary Hungary 0.00 1.19 0.47 0.83 0.36 1.11 2.21 1.82 1.97 3.66 3.53 2.54 2.19 3.10 2.00 2.34 1.04 0.80 0.81 0.57
56 Croatia Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.32 0.00 0.00 2.21 0.00 0.00 0.77 0.68 0.00 0.00 1.12 0.47 0.49
57 Iran Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.51 0.00 0.35 1.05 0.95 0.56 0.94 0.86 0.84 0.42 0.39 0.50 0.43 0.40 0.59 0.36 0.49
58 Malaysia Malaysia 0.00 31.82 3.03 5.36 9.62 11.34 11.54 1.91 1.01 0.77 0.76 1.20 0.75 0.81 0.69 0.93 0.35 0.66 0.36 0.46
59 Russia Russia 0.38 0.94 1.20 1.09 0.70 1.57 0.94 1.24 1.18 1.20 1.08 0.97 1.05 1.23 0.64 0.85 0.64 0.30 0.27 0.45
60 Morocco Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.25 0.99 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 1.65 1.40 0.27 0.44
61 Belarus Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.04 0.88 1.11 1.94 2.00 1.53 0.66 0.66 0.56 0.66 2.67 0.51 1.85 1.24 0.37 0.00 0.34
62 Vietnam Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.38 0.00 2.26 0.73 0.35 1.97 0.43 0.00 0.39 0.39 0.27
63 Egypt Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.86 0.00 1.85 0.00 0.34 0.27 0.42 0.76 0.71 0.54 1.35 0.43 0.26 0.34 0.17 0.18
64 Pakistan Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.08 1.68 0.00 1.29 0.58 0.43 0.63 0.21 0.30 0.45 0.10 0.25 0.14
65 Afghanistan Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
66 Panama Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 100.00 66.67 50.00 100.00 0.00 62.50 0.00 0.00 0.00
67 Oman Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.10 0.00 0.00 0.00
68 Algeria Algeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.92 0.00 0.68 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
69 North Korea North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 16.67 0.00 9.09 2.56 0.00
70 Nigeria Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
71 Syria Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
72 Paraguay Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
73 Uruguay Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 13.33 0.00 0.00 2.94 6.67 6.45 0.00 0.00 2.86 1.64 0.00 1.54 0.00
74 Tunisia Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.36 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.00 0.00
75 Indonesia Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
76 Georgia Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 5.26 0.00 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
77 Bosnia Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
78 Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 0.00 0.00
79 Bahrain Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
80 Iceland Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 7.50 0.00 0.00 5.17 3.64 0.00
81 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.32 0.00 3.13 2.86 1.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
82 Armenia Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.38 0.00 1.41 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
83 Iraq Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
84 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.00 1.30 0.00 0.00 1.72 0.90 0.53 0.57 0.48 0.00 0.47 0.54 0.45 0.00 0.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 0.00
85 Jamaica Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
86 Jordan Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.94 0.00 0.71 2.47 0.48 0.00
87 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 4.92 1.19 1.61 0.58 0.49 1.52 0.00
88 Angola Angola 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00
89 Yemen Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
90 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 116.67 54.55 325.00 166.67 325.00 75.00 233.33 275.00 85.71 200.00 100.00 18.18 220.00 0.00
91 Serbia Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00
92 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
93 Venezuela Venezuela 5.26 32.14 12.90 5.26 6.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.38 2.44 1.85 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)