REPORT TOOLBOX
INFO
Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 [Mar]
1 Angola Angola 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 200.00
2 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 140.00 60.00 325.00 166.67 325.00 75.00 233.33 275.00 75.00 250.00 100.00 18.18 220.00 0.00 100.00
3 Panama Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 50.00 100.00 50.00 50.00 100.00 0.00 55.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00
4 USA USA 23.96 41.10 48.38 48.37 43.54 44.45 41.87 42.31 41.27 45.75 42.47 41.78 42.15 46.89 43.11 42.54 43.01 41.93 45.32 46.25 55.10
5 Costa rica Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 16.67 13.33 8.33 0.00 18.18 8.33 50.00
6 Japan Japan 11.08 14.64 16.30 17.26 17.95 18.92 18.44 18.04 21.78 26.61 23.23 27.57 25.75 28.57 29.33 26.65 25.29 26.29 27.42 25.91 32.72
7 Taiwan Taiwan 7.04 15.02 12.55 16.67 20.12 23.01 26.28 22.73 29.40 31.45 29.11 36.86 33.53 37.94 38.81 35.77 33.41 32.75 36.85 32.73 32.65
8 Switzerland Switzerland 6.63 11.03 14.99 13.55 15.92 13.56 17.20 17.77 16.00 17.51 14.75 13.66 14.56 20.76 15.87 16.40 18.45 18.88 18.60 17.91 29.34
9 South Korea South Korea 5.54 10.33 9.84 13.35 19.86 18.06 21.41 19.16 19.20 25.01 22.11 21.52 22.78 25.21 26.25 28.28 29.16 24.12 25.42 25.72 26.61
10 Netherlands Netherlands 4.55 7.74 11.72 12.78 16.15 16.77 17.12 23.70 22.17 27.09 22.21 22.85 18.88 21.47 23.53 16.98 18.27 18.07 17.68 18.40 25.84
11 Luxembourg Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 71.43 80.00 120.00 33.33 56.25 16.22 25.00 29.09 28.36 35.85 45.28 32.22 57.14 52.08 45.54 42.48 23.33
12 Finland Finland 3.80 5.39 4.96 10.18 8.03 6.94 7.71 6.29 9.40 9.16 7.12 11.24 12.82 13.09 10.96 18.92 19.27 14.88 16.93 17.33 17.76
13 France France 10.27 11.05 13.64 13.73 10.68 10.84 10.77 10.60 10.81 13.09 13.68 11.22 13.12 15.69 14.75 13.15 13.86 15.70 14.43 13.17 16.24
14 Belgium Belgium 4.98 8.54 11.90 12.90 13.70 11.59 10.41 10.35 14.25 13.33 13.85 14.49 11.83 13.40 12.22 9.91 12.91 15.36 14.28 11.30 15.59
15 Germany Germany 6.22 10.84 14.79 16.33 13.65 15.61 13.70 13.87 14.68 16.68 15.27 14.64 13.92 15.35 14.25 13.09 14.50 13.67 14.37 12.84 14.88
World World 10.87 17.41 20.26 20.37 18.76 19.20 17.76 16.94 16.82 18.89 16.75 16.65 15.89 16.86 15.54 14.89 14.47 13.62 13.43 13.20 14.52
16 Austria Austria 4.00 7.14 3.62 7.89 5.60 8.88 9.93 7.30 7.87 8.39 6.62 8.88 7.63 8.75 7.65 6.35 6.61 8.31 11.79 13.19 12.70
17 Ireland Ireland 7.00 7.38 16.78 7.17 11.44 10.38 7.51 13.70 11.20 8.40 7.23 7.66 5.75 9.92 8.32 6.20 6.46 6.19 6.97 9.47 11.50
18 Canada Canada 9.27 13.59 16.27 14.70 11.15 13.12 7.50 10.28 8.88 10.50 11.34 9.65 9.13 9.92 9.89 9.72 9.08 9.28 10.29 10.22 11.48
19 UK UK 3.08 6.19 5.86 8.77 7.07 6.62 5.41 5.08 6.24 8.10 9.04 7.79 7.68 9.00 8.09 7.57 8.28 8.07 8.99 8.57 10.78
20 Estonia Estonia 0.00 4.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.44 2.38 0.00 4.55 2.70 2.78 7.00 3.28 2.13 3.55 4.08 5.30 0.68 0.66 10.53
21 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.00 16.67 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.68 2.38 3.01 3.74 4.28 5.81 6.10 5.37 5.26 4.77 8.84 9.95 9.81 7.20 9.30
22 Sweden Sweden 4.58 6.09 7.87 7.10 8.00 8.50 6.16 7.76 9.72 10.01 9.15 9.79 9.36 11.43 9.34 7.71 7.95 7.11 7.53 6.52 8.97
23 Singapore Singapore 1.32 5.76 6.92 3.17 4.59 5.44 5.49 5.42 5.29 5.66 6.15 5.22 7.17 5.52 7.23 7.25 6.58 7.39 8.18 6.38 8.81
24 Norway Norway 2.56 5.13 14.55 2.53 7.48 5.83 8.81 7.06 5.50 8.96 8.24 10.37 6.90 7.17 7.18 10.16 5.82 8.42 9.27 9.08 6.72
25 Latvia Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.22 0.00 3.39 1.32 1.45 0.00 6.03 5.83 100.00 0.90 2.22 0.82 5.26
26 Denmark Denmark 1.95 8.74 6.60 9.01 10.13 6.62 9.56 11.17 11.11 8.97 8.29 7.92 8.79 5.89 7.10 6.62 5.71 7.02 7.79 6.39 5.16
27 Qatar Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 1.42 0.90 1.20 3.45 2.94 2.14 4.85
28 Italy Italy 3.18 3.45 3.84 4.99 4.73 5.20 4.75 5.25 4.34 5.68 5.39 4.67 4.34 4.82 4.34 3.95 4.23 4.37 4.75 4.96 4.74
29 Spain Spain 0.60 2.08 1.95 1.35 2.41 2.34 2.80 2.24 2.19 2.77 2.86 3.37 3.57 3.69 3.01 3.51 3.49 4.10 3.49 4.57
30 UAE UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.35 3.19 5.77 3.85 3.78 2.27 1.65 2.24 2.50 2.45 3.76
31 China China 0.15 0.44 0.71 1.06 0.89 1.30 1.04 1.24 1.90 2.12 2.05 2.48 2.64 2.24 2.23 2.23 2.39 2.43 2.36 2.61 2.99
32 Slovakia Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.57 1.75 2.08 0.79 0.64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 0.49 0.29 0.51 0.91 2.73
33 Chile Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.13 0.94 1.64 1.29 1.84 0.91 1.69 4.04 3.65 1.81 1.94 2.31 3.42 2.39 2.55
34 Kuwait Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.38 1.72 8.75 3.08 0.47 0.53 2.50
35 Argentina Argentina 1.09 0.00 0.94 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.47 0.40 0.62 0.72 1.07 0.72 0.90 0.61 1.08 0.49 1.21 0.41 0.82 0.67 2.44
36 Australia Australia 3.46 3.80 5.29 12.50 5.91 8.16 6.01 5.07 4.91 5.73 4.71 2.79 2.68 2.42 2.24 2.43 2.64 2.65 2.59 2.57 2.37
37 Hungary Hungary 0.00 1.20 0.48 0.83 0.36 1.13 2.21 1.82 1.98 3.64 3.58 2.44 2.15 3.02 2.00 2.34 1.03 0.80 0.79 0.52 2.34
38 Greece Greece 0.00 0.64 0.00 0.00 1.10 1.26 0.00 0.61 1.57 0.98 2.01 1.36 2.30 1.07 0.74 0.94 0.96 0.51 0.99 1.02 2.19
39 Czech Republic Czech Republic 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.29 0.82 2.48 1.60 2.96 1.71 2.23 1.88 3.43 2.05 2.15 1.60 2.34 1.84 1.41 1.87
40 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.00 1.28 0.00 0.00 1.74 0.87 0.53 0.56 0.47 0.00 0.46 0.52 0.43 0.00 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 1.82
41 Colombia Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.22 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.66 1.45 2.34 2.65 3.14 1.91 1.68 1.97 1.35 1.72
42 Poland Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.90 0.47 0.53 0.40 0.17 0.78 0.32 0.61 1.28 0.87 1.08 1.94 2.06 2.03 1.55 1.62 1.30 1.39
43 Portugal Portugal 0.00 0.81 0.00 1.06 1.05 0.29 0.00 1.36 1.07 1.73 2.50 1.74 1.74 1.16 1.30 1.98 1.33 1.58 1.77 1.60 1.29
44 Turkey Turkey 0.00 1.09 0.75 0.00 0.00 2.49 1.55 1.97 0.53 0.67 0.80 1.46 1.43 0.90 1.24 2.08 1.44 2.17 1.22 1.38 1.17
45 New Zealand New Zealand 3.64 5.66 6.98 5.97 7.32 5.26 4.42 5.65 3.47 3.21 3.64 4.67 3.96 4.30 5.02 4.63 5.76 2.82 3.21 5.91 1.09
46 Slovenia Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.74 1.14 0.00 1.39 1.24 1.07 0.49 3.29 2.68 1.69 5.10 3.98 1.50 4.52 4.00 1.57 3.71 1.00
47 Russia Russia 0.39 0.96 1.21 1.10 0.71 1.60 0.94 1.25 1.18 1.20 1.07 0.97 1.02 1.20 0.63 0.84 0.63 0.29 0.26 0.40 0.75
48 Morocco Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.27 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 1.65 1.36 0.27 0.41 0.71
49 India India 1.20 2.64 1.77 2.92 2.81 1.80 2.13 1.49 1.21 1.25 1.30 1.60 1.45 1.36 1.54 1.35 1.17 1.01 0.87 0.76 0.68
50 South Africa South Africa 11.54 16.00 15.38 7.02 8.14 6.80 2.56 3.82 0.98 5.32 4.69 3.09 3.89 3.26 2.22 1.68 1.61 1.39 0.99 1.30 0.66
51 Brazil Brazil 0.00 0.40 0.67 1.30 0.97 0.82 0.95 1.74 2.06 1.24 1.69 1.41 1.59 1.93 1.61 1.12 1.30 1.26 1.32 0.84 0.56
52 Vietnam Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 2.27 0.71 0.34 1.89 0.41 0.00 0.38 0.37 0.25 0.54
53 Ukraine Ukraine 0.00 1.68 0.68 2.00 0.25 0.00 0.66 1.90 0.20 1.06 1.20 0.49 1.00 0.26 0.10 0.41 0.49 0.29 0.20 0.65 0.50
54 Mexico Mexico 0.00 1.65 1.42 0.00 0.29 0.87 1.04 1.71 1.43 2.47 0.66 2.01 2.67 3.15 2.72 2.03 2.45 1.63 0.76 1.36 0.48
55 Iran Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.57 0.00 0.36 1.07 0.96 0.56 0.95 0.86 0.85 0.42 0.38 0.50 0.43 0.40 0.58 0.35 0.46 0.45
56 Thailand Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.13 7.84 2.25 2.72 0.50 0.93 0.86 1.26 0.46 0.60 0.53 0.95 0.59 0.25 0.31 0.56 0.44 0.61 0.29
57 Pakistan Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.67 0.00 1.30 0.59 0.43 0.64 0.21 0.30 0.45 0.10 0.24 0.13 0.21
58 Malaysia Malaysia 0.00 30.43 2.94 5.36 9.62 11.58 12.00 1.94 0.99 0.78 0.76 1.18 0.75 0.81 0.68 0.92 0.35 0.64 0.36 0.42 0.15
59 Egypt Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.99 0.00 1.88 0.00 0.33 0.27 0.42 0.76 0.70 0.54 1.34 0.42 0.26 0.33 0.16 0.16 0.09
60 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
61 Croatia Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.32 0.00 0.00 2.17 0.00 0.00 0.74 0.66 0.00 0.00 1.09 0.46 0.44 0.00
62 Oman Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
63 Romania Romania 1.00 0.00 1.23 0.49 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.29 0.86 0.65 0.55 1.09 1.44 1.41 0.96 0.65 0.64 0.63 0.00
64 Venezuela Venezuela 5.88 33.33 12.90 5.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.25 2.56 1.82 1.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
65 Nigeria Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
66 North Korea North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 16.67 0.00 9.09 2.56 0.00 0.00
67 Lithuania Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.64 1.12 0.00 0.00 1.02 1.00 0.74 2.90 0.12 5.39 3.38 3.87 5.18 2.49 0.90 1.92 0.00
68 Uruguay Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 15.38 0.00 0.00 3.03 6.45 5.88 0.00 0.00 2.63 1.59 0.00 1.43 0.00 0.00
69 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.32 0.00 3.03 2.86 1.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
70 Philippines Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 12.50 12.50 5.88 8.33 5.88 0.00 0.00 5.13 6.00 1.14 4.88 4.42 5.43 0.00
71 Belarus Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.17 0.88 1.11 1.92 2.01 1.53 0.66 0.65 0.55 0.64 2.60 0.51 1.85 1.24 0.36 0.00 0.31 0.00
72 Tunisia Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.00
73 Syria Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
74 Afghanistan Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
75 Peru Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.56 1.41 0.00
76 Yemen Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
77 Paraguay Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
78 Cuba Cuba 0.00 0.00 4.76 0.00 4.65 0.00 0.00 9.52 10.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.30 3.92 5.36 3.17 0.00 0.00 7.81 0.00
79 Cyprus Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 15.38 5.00 2.56 7.14 15.56 7.89 9.26 1.35 3.64 6.45 5.71 2.56 6.12 4.05 1.86 0.00
80 Bosnia Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
81 Armenia Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.38 0.00 1.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
82 Algeria Algeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 0.00 0.68 1.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
83 Georgia Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 5.26 0.00 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
84 Iceland Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 7.32 0.00 0.00 5.08 3.57 0.00 0.00
85 Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
86 Indonesia Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
87 Bahrain Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
88 Iraq Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
89 Jamaica Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
90 Jordan Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.95 0.00 0.70 2.41 0.47 0.00 0.00
91 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 5.00 1.18 1.61 0.58 0.48 1.50 0.00 0.00
92 Lebanon Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.98 0.00 0.00 0.52 0.00
93 Serbia Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)