REPORT TOOLBOX
INFO
Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 [Sep]
1 Angola Angola 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 200.00
2 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 140.00 60.00 325.00 166.67 325.00 75.00 233.33 275.00 75.00 250.00 100.00 18.18 220.00 0.00 166.67
3 USA USA 23.96 41.10 48.38 48.37 43.54 44.45 41.87 42.31 41.27 45.75 42.47 41.78 42.15 46.89 43.11 42.54 43.01 41.93 45.32 45.88 51.78
4 Luxembourg Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 71.43 80.00 120.00 33.33 56.25 16.22 25.00 29.09 28.36 35.85 45.28 32.22 57.14 52.08 45.54 42.11 46.15
5 Taiwan Taiwan 7.04 15.02 12.55 16.67 20.12 23.01 26.28 22.73 29.40 31.45 29.11 36.86 33.53 37.94 38.81 35.77 33.41 32.75 36.85 32.54 33.44
6 Japan Japan 11.08 14.64 16.30 17.26 17.95 18.92 18.44 18.04 21.78 26.61 23.23 27.57 25.75 28.57 29.33 26.65 25.29 26.29 27.42 25.75 27.85
7 South Korea South Korea 5.54 10.33 9.84 13.35 19.86 18.06 21.41 19.16 19.20 25.01 22.11 21.52 22.78 25.21 26.25 28.28 29.16 24.12 25.42 25.62 26.99
8 Switzerland Switzerland 6.63 11.03 14.99 13.55 15.92 13.56 17.20 17.77 16.00 17.51 14.75 13.66 14.56 20.76 15.87 16.40 18.45 18.88 18.60 17.75 23.24
9 Netherlands Netherlands 4.55 7.74 11.72 12.78 16.15 16.77 17.12 23.70 22.17 27.09 22.21 22.85 18.88 21.47 23.53 16.98 18.27 18.07 17.68 18.29 20.14
10 Finland Finland 3.80 5.39 4.96 10.18 8.03 6.94 7.71 6.29 9.40 9.16 7.12 11.24 12.82 13.09 10.96 18.92 19.27 14.88 16.93 17.18 17.93
11 Belgium Belgium 4.98 8.54 11.90 12.90 13.70 11.59 10.41 10.35 14.25 13.33 13.85 14.49 11.83 13.40 12.22 9.91 12.91 15.36 14.28 11.24 16.40
12 France France 10.27 11.05 13.64 13.73 10.68 10.84 10.77 10.60 10.81 13.09 13.68 11.22 13.12 15.69 14.75 13.15 13.86 15.70 14.43 13.09 14.56
13 Ireland Ireland 7.00 7.38 16.78 7.17 11.44 10.38 7.51 13.70 11.20 8.40 7.23 7.66 5.75 9.92 8.32 6.20 6.46 6.19 6.97 9.40 14.52
World World 10.87 17.41 20.26 20.37 18.76 19.20 17.76 16.94 16.82 18.89 16.75 16.65 15.89 16.86 15.54 14.89 14.47 13.62 13.43 13.11 13.72
14 Germany Germany 6.22 10.84 14.79 16.33 13.65 15.61 13.70 13.87 14.68 16.68 15.27 14.64 13.92 15.35 14.25 13.09 14.50 13.67 14.37 12.78 12.74
15 Costa rica Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 16.67 13.33 8.33 0.00 18.18 8.11 12.50
16 Austria Austria 4.00 7.14 3.62 7.89 5.60 8.88 9.93 7.30 7.87 8.39 6.62 8.88 7.63 8.75 7.65 6.35 6.61 8.31 11.79 13.09 12.38
17 Canada Canada 9.27 13.59 16.27 14.70 11.15 13.12 7.50 10.28 8.88 10.50 11.34 9.65 9.13 9.92 9.89 9.72 9.08 9.28 10.29 10.11 11.44
18 UK UK 3.08 6.19 5.86 8.77 7.07 6.62 5.41 5.08 6.24 8.10 9.04 7.79 7.68 9.00 8.09 7.57 8.28 8.07 8.99 8.50 9.18
19 Panama Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 50.00 100.00 50.00 50.00 100.00 0.00 55.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33
20 Sweden Sweden 4.58 6.09 7.87 7.10 8.00 8.50 6.16 7.76 9.72 10.01 9.15 9.79 9.36 11.43 9.34 7.71 7.95 7.11 7.53 6.49 7.89
21 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.00 16.67 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.68 2.38 3.01 3.74 4.28 5.81 6.10 5.37 5.26 4.77 8.84 9.95 9.81 7.17 7.18
22 Singapore Singapore 1.32 5.76 6.92 3.17 4.59 5.44 5.49 5.42 5.29 5.66 6.15 5.22 7.17 5.52 7.23 7.25 6.58 7.39 8.18 6.34 6.98
23 Denmark Denmark 1.95 8.74 6.60 9.01 10.13 6.62 9.56 11.17 11.11 8.97 8.29 7.92 8.79 5.89 7.10 6.62 5.71 7.02 7.79 6.36 6.41
24 Norway Norway 2.56 5.13 14.55 2.53 7.48 5.83 8.81 7.06 5.50 8.96 8.24 10.37 6.90 7.17 7.18 10.16 5.82 8.42 9.27 8.99 5.91
25 Estonia Estonia 0.00 4.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.44 2.38 0.00 4.55 2.70 2.78 7.00 3.28 2.13 3.55 4.08 5.30 0.68 0.65 4.65
26 Cuba Cuba 0.00 0.00 4.76 0.00 4.65 0.00 0.00 9.52 10.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.30 3.92 5.36 3.17 0.00 0.00 7.81 4.44
27 Italy Italy 3.18 3.45 3.84 4.99 4.73 5.20 4.75 5.25 4.34 5.68 5.39 4.67 4.34 4.82 4.34 3.95 4.23 4.37 4.75 4.93 4.13
28 Spain Spain 0.60 2.08 1.95 1.35 2.41 2.34 2.80 2.24 2.19 2.77 2.86 3.37 3.57 3.69 3.01 3.51 3.49 4.10 3.47 4.02
29 UAE UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.35 3.19 5.77 3.85 3.78 2.27 1.65 2.24 2.50 2.45 3.79
30 Lithuania Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.64 1.12 0.00 0.00 1.02 1.00 0.74 2.90 0.12 5.39 3.38 3.87 5.18 2.49 0.90 1.92 3.51
31 Qatar Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 1.42 0.90 1.20 3.45 2.94 2.13 3.18
32 Chile Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.13 0.94 1.64 1.29 1.84 0.91 1.69 4.04 3.65 1.81 1.94 2.31 3.42 2.38 3.06
33 China China 0.15 0.44 0.71 1.06 0.89 1.30 1.04 1.24 1.90 2.12 2.05 2.48 2.64 2.24 2.23 2.23 2.39 2.43 2.36 2.61 3.03
34 New Zealand New Zealand 3.64 5.66 6.98 5.97 7.32 5.26 4.42 5.65 3.47 3.21 3.64 4.67 3.96 4.30 5.02 4.63 5.76 2.82 3.21 5.83 2.83
35 Australia Australia 3.46 3.80 5.29 12.50 5.91 8.16 6.01 5.07 4.91 5.73 4.71 2.79 2.68 2.42 2.24 2.43 2.64 2.65 2.59 2.56 2.72
36 Greece Greece 0.00 0.64 0.00 0.00 1.10 1.26 0.00 0.61 1.57 0.98 2.01 1.36 2.30 1.07 0.74 0.94 0.96 0.51 0.99 1.01 2.49
37 Latvia Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.22 0.00 3.39 1.32 1.45 0.00 6.03 5.83 100.00 0.90 2.22 0.82 2.27
38 Colombia Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.22 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.66 1.45 2.34 2.65 3.14 1.91 1.68 1.97 1.35 2.24
39 Kuwait Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.38 1.72 8.75 3.08 0.47 0.52 2.14
40 Czech Republic Czech Republic 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.29 0.82 2.48 1.60 2.96 1.71 2.23 1.88 3.43 2.05 2.15 1.60 2.34 1.84 1.40 1.95
41 Portugal Portugal 0.00 0.81 0.00 1.06 1.05 0.29 0.00 1.36 1.07 1.73 2.50 1.74 1.74 1.16 1.30 1.98 1.33 1.58 1.77 1.59 1.90
42 Argentina Argentina 1.09 0.00 0.94 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.47 0.40 0.62 0.72 1.07 0.72 0.90 0.61 1.08 0.49 1.21 0.41 0.82 0.66 1.74
43 Poland Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.90 0.47 0.53 0.40 0.17 0.78 0.32 0.61 1.28 0.87 1.08 1.94 2.06 2.03 1.55 1.62 1.29 1.66
44 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.00 1.28 0.00 0.00 1.74 0.87 0.53 0.56 0.47 0.00 0.46 0.52 0.43 0.00 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 1.55
45 Slovenia Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.74 1.14 0.00 1.39 1.24 1.07 0.49 3.29 2.68 1.69 5.10 3.98 1.50 4.52 4.00 1.57 3.68 1.52
46 Oman Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.25
47 Brazil Brazil 0.00 0.40 0.67 1.30 0.97 0.82 0.95 1.74 2.06 1.24 1.69 1.41 1.59 1.93 1.61 1.12 1.30 1.26 1.32 0.84 1.13
48 Turkey Turkey 0.00 1.09 0.75 0.00 0.00 2.49 1.55 1.97 0.53 0.67 0.80 1.46 1.43 0.90 1.24 2.08 1.44 2.17 1.22 1.37 0.93
49 South Africa South Africa 11.54 16.00 15.38 7.02 8.14 6.80 2.56 3.82 0.98 5.32 4.69 3.09 3.89 3.26 2.22 1.68 1.61 1.39 0.99 1.28 0.92
50 India India 1.20 2.64 1.77 2.92 2.81 1.80 2.13 1.49 1.21 1.25 1.30 1.60 1.45 1.36 1.54 1.35 1.17 1.01 0.87 0.75 0.74
51 Hungary Hungary 0.00 1.20 0.48 0.83 0.36 1.13 2.21 1.82 1.98 3.64 3.58 2.44 2.15 3.02 2.00 2.34 1.03 0.80 0.79 0.52 0.67
52 Slovakia Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.57 1.75 2.08 0.79 0.64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 0.49 0.29 0.51 0.91 0.58
53 Mexico Mexico 0.00 1.65 1.42 0.00 0.29 0.87 1.04 1.71 1.43 2.47 0.66 2.01 2.67 3.15 2.72 2.03 2.45 1.63 0.76 1.36 0.58
54 Russia Russia 0.39 0.96 1.21 1.10 0.71 1.60 0.94 1.25 1.18 1.20 1.07 0.97 1.02 1.20 0.63 0.84 0.63 0.29 0.26 0.39 0.54
55 Iran Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.57 0.00 0.36 1.07 0.96 0.56 0.95 0.86 0.85 0.42 0.38 0.50 0.43 0.40 0.58 0.35 0.46 0.52
56 Vietnam Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 2.27 0.71 0.34 1.89 0.41 0.00 0.38 0.37 0.25 0.49
57 Morocco Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.27 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 1.65 1.36 0.27 0.41 0.46
58 Ukraine Ukraine 0.00 1.68 0.68 2.00 0.25 0.00 0.66 1.90 0.20 1.06 1.20 0.49 1.00 0.26 0.10 0.41 0.49 0.29 0.20 0.64 0.42
59 Romania Romania 1.00 0.00 1.23 0.49 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.29 0.86 0.65 0.55 1.09 1.44 1.41 0.96 0.65 0.64 0.63 0.37
60 Thailand Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.13 7.84 2.25 2.72 0.50 0.93 0.86 1.26 0.46 0.60 0.53 0.95 0.59 0.25 0.31 0.56 0.44 0.61 0.33
61 Malaysia Malaysia 0.00 30.43 2.94 5.36 9.62 11.58 12.00 1.94 0.99 0.78 0.76 1.18 0.75 0.81 0.68 0.92 0.35 0.64 0.36 0.42 0.23
62 Pakistan Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.67 0.00 1.30 0.59 0.43 0.64 0.21 0.30 0.45 0.10 0.24 0.13 0.09
63 Egypt Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.99 0.00 1.88 0.00 0.33 0.27 0.42 0.76 0.70 0.54 1.34 0.42 0.26 0.33 0.16 0.16 0.08
64 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 5.00 1.18 1.61 0.58 0.48 1.50 0.00 0.00
65 Lebanon Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.98 0.00 0.00 0.52 0.00
66 Peru Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.56 1.41 0.00
67 Jordan Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.95 0.00 0.70 2.41 0.47 0.00 0.00
68 Iraq Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
69 Algeria Algeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 0.00 0.68 1.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
70 Jamaica Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
71 Tunisia Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.00
72 Armenia Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.38 0.00 1.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
73 Uruguay Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 15.38 0.00 0.00 3.03 6.45 5.88 0.00 0.00 2.63 1.59 0.00 1.43 0.00 0.00
74 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
75 Philippines Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 12.50 12.50 5.88 8.33 5.88 0.00 0.00 5.13 6.00 1.14 4.88 4.42 5.43 0.00
76 Venezuela Venezuela 5.88 33.33 12.90 5.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.25 2.56 1.82 1.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
77 Afghanistan Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
78 Syria Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
79 Nigeria Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
80 Iceland Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 7.32 0.00 0.00 5.08 3.57 0.00 0.00
81 North Korea North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 16.67 0.00 9.09 2.56 0.00 0.00
82 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.32 0.00 3.03 2.86 1.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
83 Indonesia Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
84 Bahrain Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
85 Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
86 Belarus Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.17 0.88 1.11 1.92 2.01 1.53 0.66 0.65 0.55 0.64 2.60 0.51 1.85 1.24 0.36 0.00 0.31 0.00
87 Bosnia Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
88 Serbia Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00
89 Croatia Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.32 0.00 0.00 2.17 0.00 0.00 0.74 0.66 0.00 0.00 1.09 0.46 0.43 0.00
90 Cyprus Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 15.38 5.00 2.56 7.14 15.56 7.89 9.26 1.35 3.64 6.45 5.71 2.56 6.12 4.05 1.84 0.00
91 Georgia Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 5.26 0.00 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
92 Yemen Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
93 Paraguay Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)