REPORT TOOLBOX
INFO
Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 140.00 60.00 325.00 166.67 325.00 75.00 233.33 275.00 75.00 250.00 100.00 18.18 220.00 0.00 300.00
2 USA USA 23.96 41.10 48.38 48.37 43.54 44.45 41.87 42.31 41.27 45.75 42.47 41.78 42.15 46.89 43.11 42.54 43.01 41.93 45.32 45.88 53.95
3 Luxembourg Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 71.43 80.00 120.00 33.33 56.25 16.22 25.00 29.09 28.36 35.85 45.28 32.22 57.14 52.08 45.54 42.11 44.54
4 Taiwan Taiwan 7.04 15.02 12.55 16.67 20.12 23.01 26.28 22.73 29.40 31.45 29.11 36.86 33.53 37.94 38.81 35.77 33.41 32.75 36.85 32.54 36.02
5 Japan Japan 11.08 14.64 16.30 17.26 17.95 18.92 18.44 18.04 21.78 26.61 23.23 27.57 25.75 28.57 29.33 26.65 25.29 26.29 27.42 25.75 28.98
6 South Korea South Korea 5.54 10.33 9.84 13.35 19.86 18.06 21.41 19.16 19.20 25.01 22.11 21.52 22.78 25.21 26.25 28.28 29.16 24.12 25.42 25.62 27.57
7 Switzerland Switzerland 6.63 11.03 14.99 13.55 15.92 13.56 17.20 17.77 16.00 17.51 14.75 13.66 14.56 20.76 15.87 16.40 18.45 18.88 18.60 17.75 22.47
8 Netherlands Netherlands 4.55 7.74 11.72 12.78 16.15 16.77 17.12 23.70 22.17 27.09 22.21 22.85 18.88 21.47 23.53 16.98 18.27 18.07 17.68 18.29 21.15
9 Finland Finland 3.80 5.39 4.96 10.18 8.03 6.94 7.71 6.29 9.40 9.16 7.12 11.24 12.82 13.09 10.96 18.92 19.27 14.88 16.93 17.18 18.26
10 Belgium Belgium 4.98 8.54 11.90 12.90 13.70 11.59 10.41 10.35 14.25 13.33 13.85 14.49 11.83 13.40 12.22 9.91 12.91 15.36 14.28 11.24 17.00
11 France France 10.27 11.05 13.64 13.73 10.68 10.84 10.77 10.60 10.81 13.09 13.68 11.22 13.12 15.69 14.75 13.15 13.86 15.70 14.43 13.09 14.38
World World 10.87 17.41 20.26 20.37 18.76 19.20 17.76 16.94 16.82 18.89 16.75 16.65 15.89 16.86 15.54 14.89 14.47 13.62 13.43 13.11 14.33
12 Germany Germany 6.22 10.84 14.79 16.33 13.65 15.61 13.70 13.87 14.68 16.68 15.27 14.64 13.92 15.35 14.25 13.09 14.50 13.67 14.37 12.78 13.57
13 Costa rica Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 16.67 13.33 8.33 0.00 18.18 8.11 13.33
14 Austria Austria 4.00 7.14 3.62 7.89 5.60 8.88 9.93 7.30 7.87 8.39 6.62 8.88 7.63 8.75 7.65 6.35 6.61 8.31 11.79 13.09 13.16
15 Ireland Ireland 7.00 7.38 16.78 7.17 11.44 10.38 7.51 13.70 11.20 8.40 7.23 7.66 5.75 9.92 8.32 6.20 6.46 6.19 6.97 9.40 12.20
16 Canada Canada 9.27 13.59 16.27 14.70 11.15 13.12 7.50 10.28 8.88 10.50 11.34 9.65 9.13 9.92 9.89 9.72 9.08 9.28 10.29 10.11 12.08
17 Panama Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 50.00 100.00 50.00 50.00 100.00 0.00 55.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.76
18 UK UK 3.08 6.19 5.86 8.77 7.07 6.62 5.41 5.08 6.24 8.10 9.04 7.79 7.68 9.00 8.09 7.57 8.28 8.07 8.99 8.50 9.38
19 Sweden Sweden 4.58 6.09 7.87 7.10 8.00 8.50 6.16 7.76 9.72 10.01 9.15 9.79 9.36 11.43 9.34 7.71 7.95 7.11 7.53 6.49 7.88
20 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.00 16.67 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.68 2.38 3.01 3.74 4.28 5.81 6.10 5.37 5.26 4.77 8.84 9.95 9.81 7.17 7.29
21 Denmark Denmark 1.95 8.74 6.60 9.01 10.13 6.62 9.56 11.17 11.11 8.97 8.29 7.92 8.79 5.89 7.10 6.62 5.71 7.02 7.79 6.36 7.07
22 Singapore Singapore 1.32 5.76 6.92 3.17 4.59 5.44 5.49 5.42 5.29 5.66 6.15 5.22 7.17 5.52 7.23 7.25 6.58 7.39 8.18 6.34 6.72
23 Norway Norway 2.56 5.13 14.55 2.53 7.48 5.83 8.81 7.06 5.50 8.96 8.24 10.37 6.90 7.17 7.18 10.16 5.82 8.42 9.27 8.99 6.46
24 Estonia Estonia 0.00 4.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.44 2.38 0.00 4.55 2.70 2.78 7.00 3.28 2.13 3.55 4.08 5.30 0.68 0.65 5.99
25 Cuba Cuba 0.00 0.00 4.76 0.00 4.65 0.00 0.00 9.52 10.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.30 3.92 5.36 3.17 0.00 0.00 7.81 5.77
26 Italy Italy 3.18 3.45 3.84 4.99 4.73 5.20 4.75 5.25 4.34 5.68 5.39 4.67 4.34 4.82 4.34 3.95 4.23 4.37 4.75 4.93 4.64
27 Spain Spain 0.60 2.08 1.95 1.35 2.41 2.34 2.80 2.24 2.19 2.77 2.86 3.37 3.57 3.69 3.01 3.51 3.49 4.10 3.47 4.30
28 Qatar Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 1.42 0.90 1.20 3.45 2.94 2.13 3.97
29 Chile Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.13 0.94 1.64 1.29 1.84 0.91 1.69 4.04 3.65 1.81 1.94 2.31 3.42 2.38 3.77
30 UAE UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.35 3.19 5.77 3.85 3.78 2.27 1.65 2.24 2.50 2.45 3.64
31 Latvia Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.22 0.00 3.39 1.32 1.45 0.00 6.03 5.83 100.00 0.90 2.22 0.82 3.39
32 China China 0.15 0.44 0.71 1.06 0.89 1.30 1.04 1.24 1.90 2.12 2.05 2.48 2.64 2.24 2.23 2.23 2.39 2.43 2.36 2.61 3.33
33 Australia Australia 3.46 3.80 5.29 12.50 5.91 8.16 6.01 5.07 4.91 5.73 4.71 2.79 2.68 2.42 2.24 2.43 2.64 2.65 2.59 2.56 3.19
34 Lithuania Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.64 1.12 0.00 0.00 1.02 1.00 0.74 2.90 0.12 5.39 3.38 3.87 5.18 2.49 0.90 1.92 3.11
35 New Zealand New Zealand 3.64 5.66 6.98 5.97 7.32 5.26 4.42 5.65 3.47 3.21 3.64 4.67 3.96 4.30 5.02 4.63 5.76 2.82 3.21 5.83 2.69
36 North Korea North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 16.67 0.00 9.09 2.56 0.00 2.56
37 Slovenia Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.74 1.14 0.00 1.39 1.24 1.07 0.49 3.29 2.68 1.69 5.10 3.98 1.50 4.52 4.00 1.57 3.68 2.54
38 Czech Republic Czech Republic 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.29 0.82 2.48 1.60 2.96 1.71 2.23 1.88 3.43 2.05 2.15 1.60 2.34 1.84 1.40 2.39
39 Portugal Portugal 0.00 0.81 0.00 1.06 1.05 0.29 0.00 1.36 1.07 1.73 2.50 1.74 1.74 1.16 1.30 1.98 1.33 1.58 1.77 1.59 2.37
40 Greece Greece 0.00 0.64 0.00 0.00 1.10 1.26 0.00 0.61 1.57 0.98 2.01 1.36 2.30 1.07 0.74 0.94 0.96 0.51 0.99 1.01 2.30
41 Colombia Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.22 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.66 1.45 2.34 2.65 3.14 1.91 1.68 1.97 1.35 2.05
42 Argentina Argentina 1.09 0.00 0.94 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.47 0.40 0.62 0.72 1.07 0.72 0.90 0.61 1.08 0.49 1.21 0.41 0.82 0.66 1.93
43 Poland Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.90 0.47 0.53 0.40 0.17 0.78 0.32 0.61 1.28 0.87 1.08 1.94 2.06 2.03 1.55 1.62 1.29 1.55
44 Kuwait Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.38 1.72 8.75 3.08 0.47 0.52 1.54
45 South Africa South Africa 11.54 16.00 15.38 7.02 8.14 6.80 2.56 3.82 0.98 5.32 4.69 3.09 3.89 3.26 2.22 1.68 1.61 1.39 0.99 1.28 1.27
46 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.00 1.28 0.00 0.00 1.74 0.87 0.53 0.56 0.47 0.00 0.46 0.52 0.43 0.00 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 1.23
47 Brazil Brazil 0.00 0.40 0.67 1.30 0.97 0.82 0.95 1.74 2.06 1.24 1.69 1.41 1.59 1.93 1.61 1.12 1.30 1.26 1.32 0.84 1.19
48 Turkey Turkey 0.00 1.09 0.75 0.00 0.00 2.49 1.55 1.97 0.53 0.67 0.80 1.46 1.43 0.90 1.24 2.08 1.44 2.17 1.22 1.37 1.12
49 Oman Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.96
50 Peru Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.56 1.41 0.89
51 Ukraine Ukraine 0.00 1.68 0.68 2.00 0.25 0.00 0.66 1.90 0.20 1.06 1.20 0.49 1.00 0.26 0.10 0.41 0.49 0.29 0.20 0.64 0.88
52 India India 1.20 2.64 1.77 2.92 2.81 1.80 2.13 1.49 1.21 1.25 1.30 1.60 1.45 1.36 1.54 1.35 1.17 1.01 0.87 0.75 0.77
53 Hungary Hungary 0.00 1.20 0.48 0.83 0.36 1.13 2.21 1.82 1.98 3.64 3.58 2.44 2.15 3.02 2.00 2.34 1.03 0.80 0.79 0.52 0.71
54 Slovakia Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.57 1.75 2.08 0.79 0.64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 0.49 0.29 0.51 0.91 0.71
55 Lebanon Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.98 0.00 0.00 0.52 0.67
56 Mexico Mexico 0.00 1.65 1.42 0.00 0.29 0.87 1.04 1.71 1.43 2.47 0.66 2.01 2.67 3.15 2.72 2.03 2.45 1.63 0.76 1.36 0.59
57 Russia Russia 0.39 0.96 1.21 1.10 0.71 1.60 0.94 1.25 1.18 1.20 1.07 0.97 1.02 1.20 0.63 0.84 0.63 0.29 0.26 0.39 0.58
58 Cyprus Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 15.38 5.00 2.56 7.14 15.56 7.89 9.26 1.35 3.64 6.45 5.71 2.56 6.12 4.05 1.84 0.55
59 Thailand Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.13 7.84 2.25 2.72 0.50 0.93 0.86 1.26 0.46 0.60 0.53 0.95 0.59 0.25 0.31 0.56 0.44 0.61 0.51
60 Iran Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.57 0.00 0.36 1.07 0.96 0.56 0.95 0.86 0.85 0.42 0.38 0.50 0.43 0.40 0.58 0.35 0.46 0.50
61 Vietnam Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 2.27 0.71 0.34 1.89 0.41 0.00 0.38 0.37 0.25 0.46
62 Romania Romania 1.00 0.00 1.23 0.49 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.29 0.86 0.65 0.55 1.09 1.44 1.41 0.96 0.65 0.64 0.63 0.46
63 Morocco Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.27 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 1.65 1.36 0.27 0.41 0.36
64 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 5.00 1.18 1.61 0.58 0.48 1.50 0.00 0.33
65 Jordan Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.95 0.00 0.70 2.41 0.47 0.00 0.28
66 Malaysia Malaysia 0.00 30.43 2.94 5.36 9.62 11.58 12.00 1.94 0.99 0.78 0.76 1.18 0.75 0.81 0.68 0.92 0.35 0.64 0.36 0.42 0.21
67 Pakistan Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.67 0.00 1.30 0.59 0.43 0.64 0.21 0.30 0.45 0.10 0.24 0.13 0.07
68 Egypt Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.99 0.00 1.88 0.00 0.33 0.27 0.42 0.76 0.70 0.54 1.34 0.42 0.26 0.33 0.16 0.16 0.06
69 Uruguay Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 15.38 0.00 0.00 3.03 6.45 5.88 0.00 0.00 2.63 1.59 0.00 1.43 0.00 0.00
70 Afghanistan Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
71 Tunisia Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.00
72 Syria Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
73 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
74 Paraguay Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
75 Philippines Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 12.50 12.50 5.88 8.33 5.88 0.00 0.00 5.13 6.00 1.14 4.88 4.42 5.43 0.00
76 Serbia Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00
77 Nigeria Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
78 Venezuela Venezuela 5.88 33.33 12.90 5.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.25 2.56 1.82 1.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
79 Armenia Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.38 0.00 1.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
80 Jamaica Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
81 Algeria Algeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.89 0.00 0.68 1.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
82 Iraq Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
83 Indonesia Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
84 Iceland Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 7.32 0.00 0.00 5.08 3.57 0.00 0.00
85 Georgia Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 5.26 0.00 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
86 Croatia Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.32 0.00 0.00 2.17 0.00 0.00 0.74 0.66 0.00 0.00 1.09 0.46 0.43 0.00
87 Yemen Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
88 Bosnia Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
89 Belarus Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.17 0.88 1.11 1.92 2.01 1.53 0.66 0.65 0.55 0.64 2.60 0.51 1.85 1.24 0.36 0.00 0.31 0.00
90 Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
91 Bahrain Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
92 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.32 0.00 3.03 2.86 1.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
93 Angola Angola 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)