REPORT TOOLBOX
INFO
Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 140.00 54.55 325.00 166.67 325.00 75.00 233.33 220.00 85.71 200.00 100.00 20.00 220.00
2 USA USA 23.96 41.17 48.19 48.27 43.32 44.01 41.84 42.12 41.45 45.80 42.54 43.04 43.57 48.00 44.02 43.69 44.32 43.63 50.40
3 Angola Angola 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00
4 Luxembourg Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 83.33 88.89 120.00 33.33 52.94 16.67 25.00 29.09 28.36 35.85 40.00 32.95 56.47 54.95 48.57
5 Taiwan Taiwan 7.01 14.74 12.41 16.41 20.00 22.67 26.10 22.44 29.23 31.43 28.82 36.77 33.56 37.71 38.67 36.05 33.46 33.31 39.76
6 Japan Japan 10.77 14.37 16.03 16.91 17.82 18.64 18.34 18.03 21.85 26.90 23.54 27.95 26.18 28.75 29.81 27.28 25.86 26.94 29.96
7 South Korea South Korea 5.56 10.20 9.73 13.31 19.61 17.97 21.14 18.94 19.11 24.93 22.21 21.60 22.77 25.18 26.32 28.32 29.26 24.48 27.21
8 Switzerland Switzerland 6.40 10.96 14.53 13.11 15.63 13.64 17.32 18.05 16.25 18.25 15.11 13.77 14.75 21.35 16.21 16.72 18.48 19.48 20.62
9 Netherlands Netherlands 4.51 7.57 11.72 12.81 16.06 16.65 17.06 24.10 22.67 28.03 23.37 23.42 19.54 22.06 24.19 17.50 18.74 18.95 19.49
10 Finland Finland 3.82 5.26 4.90 10.00 7.94 6.72 7.50 6.32 9.45 9.38 7.26 11.51 12.97 13.26 11.02 19.08 19.01 15.33 18.34
11 Costa rica Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.08 16.67 16.67 8.00 0.00 18.18
12 France France 10.10 10.87 13.50 13.73 10.71 10.81 10.86 10.79 11.02 13.48 14.19 11.56 13.60 16.17 15.02 13.54 14.16 16.44 16.01
13 Belgium Belgium 4.78 8.27 11.81 12.77 13.59 11.53 10.33 10.49 14.55 13.91 14.52 14.85 12.36 13.74 12.56 10.33 13.34 16.21 15.91
14 Germany Germany 6.12 10.62 14.55 16.11 13.67 15.50 13.72 14.04 14.93 17.37 15.67 15.02 14.44 15.77 14.47 13.36 14.92 14.11 15.89
World World 10.74 17.17 19.98 20.15 18.62 19.01 17.70 17.02 17.06 19.29 17.09 16.93 16.20 17.14 15.75 15.20 14.79 14.10 14.84
15 Austria Austria 3.98 6.90 3.56 7.76 5.48 8.98 10.11 7.29 7.98 8.62 6.74 8.62 7.60 8.89 7.66 6.50 6.57 8.51 12.72
16 Canada Canada 9.18 13.56 15.85 14.75 11.08 13.00 7.49 10.29 8.95 10.83 11.74 9.82 9.42 10.18 9.99 9.93 9.28 9.56 11.48
17 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.00 12.50 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.68 2.22 2.88 3.75 4.26 5.88 6.21 5.41 5.36 4.85 9.02 10.29 11.00
18 Norway Norway 3.03 5.26 15.38 2.56 7.69 6.31 9.15 7.23 5.76 9.52 8.71 10.54 7.32 7.41 7.69 10.59 6.19 8.61 9.96
19 UK UK 3.04 6.08 5.83 8.63 6.93 6.53 5.40 5.13 6.47 8.42 8.97 7.99 7.98 9.30 8.25 7.91 8.50 8.43 9.93
20 Singapore Singapore 1.30 5.67 6.70 3.08 4.49 5.38 5.49 5.39 5.33 5.71 6.22 5.27 7.23 5.60 7.29 7.38 6.77 7.62 8.95
21 Denmark Denmark 1.94 8.47 6.31 8.94 10.04 6.41 9.03 11.26 11.08 9.02 8.43 7.97 9.16 6.06 7.17 6.81 5.72 7.20 8.55
22 Sweden Sweden 4.41 5.95 7.69 6.98 7.86 8.42 6.21 7.86 9.81 10.20 9.11 9.87 9.55 11.61 9.44 7.76 8.06 7.28 8.08
23 Ireland Ireland 7.14 7.20 15.79 7.05 11.25 10.15 7.47 13.82 11.08 8.49 7.43 7.81 5.88 10.12 8.42 6.52 6.74 6.71 7.99
24 Italy Italy 3.09 3.52 3.73 4.91 4.72 5.12 4.75 5.41 4.45 5.83 5.54 4.77 4.54 4.97 4.41 4.05 4.35 4.56 5.29
25 Philippines Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 11.11 14.29 5.56 7.69 6.25 0.00 0.00 4.88 6.00 1.11 5.13 5.05
26 Spain Spain 0.60 2.09 1.92 1.36 2.38 2.36 2.84 2.30 2.29 2.86 2.98 3.52 3.70 3.81 3.14 3.60 3.67 4.55
27 Cyprus Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 18.18 5.88 2.86 8.33 20.00 8.33 10.42 1.54 3.70 6.45 6.35 2.73 6.38 4.44
28 Iceland Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 6.98 0.00 0.00 5.17 3.92
29 Chile Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.08 0.90 1.64 1.33 1.83 0.90 1.69 4.00 3.67 1.83 1.94 2.40 3.73
30 New Zealand New Zealand 3.70 5.26 6.82 5.88 7.41 5.38 4.42 5.85 3.40 3.37 3.83 4.81 4.37 4.60 5.24 4.76 5.85 3.00 3.48
31 Qatar Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 1.40 0.93 1.24 3.58 3.40
32 UAE UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.35 3.26 6.06 3.97 3.72 2.31 1.71 2.31 2.89
33 Australia Australia 3.46 3.84 5.27 12.35 5.94 8.12 6.05 5.17 5.12 5.84 4.86 2.80 2.76 2.48 2.29 2.51 2.74 2.73 2.81
34 North Korea North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 16.67 0.00 8.70 2.70
35 China China 0.15 0.43 0.70 1.04 0.88 1.29 1.03 1.23 1.89 2.12 2.05 2.49 2.67 2.27 2.26 2.26 2.42 2.50 2.57
36 Latvia Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.27 0.00 3.28 1.35 1.61 0.00 6.19 6.06 3.96 1.06 2.53
37 Colombia Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.64 1.45 2.33 2.76 3.20 1.93 1.71 2.20
38 Czech Republic Czech Republic 0.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.08 0.28 0.81 2.49 1.60 3.03 1.76 2.24 1.88 3.50 2.04 2.19 1.63 2.43 2.03
39 Portugal Portugal 0.00 0.83 0.00 1.05 1.08 0.30 0.00 1.43 1.12 1.76 2.65 1.77 1.82 1.21 1.36 2.10 1.44 1.73 1.98
40 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 4.84 1.19 1.59 0.58 0.50 1.82
41 Poland Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.88 0.47 0.51 0.39 0.17 0.78 0.33 0.61 1.29 0.88 1.09 1.97 2.09 2.07 1.60 1.80
42 Uruguay Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 13.33 0.00 0.00 3.13 6.90 6.45 0.00 0.00 2.78 1.64 0.00 1.75
43 Slovenia Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.67 1.11 0.00 1.32 1.20 1.08 0.50 3.54 2.69 1.69 5.10 4.11 1.53 4.53 4.13 1.71
44 Peru Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.67
45 Brazil Brazil 0.00 0.39 0.65 1.27 0.94 0.79 0.93 1.71 2.07 1.23 1.72 1.41 1.59 1.94 1.61 1.13 1.33 1.28 1.46
46 Turkey Turkey 0.00 1.02 0.72 0.00 0.00 2.34 1.49 1.92 0.50 0.66 0.77 1.42 1.40 0.89 1.23 2.09 1.48 2.24 1.35
47 South Africa South Africa 13.04 17.39 16.67 6.45 7.78 7.22 2.63 3.92 1.01 5.47 4.81 3.18 4.11 3.44 2.24 1.74 1.67 1.47 1.13
48 Greece Greece 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.26 0.00 0.63 1.65 1.01 2.10 1.41 2.41 1.14 0.76 0.95 1.02 0.54 1.12
49 Lithuania Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.67 1.09 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.99 0.75 2.94 0.74 5.29 3.45 3.98 5.32 2.75 1.00
50 India India 1.18 2.58 1.76 2.87 2.78 1.76 2.10 1.48 1.22 1.26 1.31 1.62 1.48 1.38 1.55 1.39 1.21 1.06 0.99
51 Argentina Argentina 1.10 0.00 0.93 0.00 0.68 0.00 0.47 0.40 0.65 0.73 1.09 0.71 0.91 0.62 1.10 0.51 1.24 0.43 0.88
52 Hungary Hungary 0.00 1.18 0.47 0.82 0.36 1.10 2.20 1.81 1.94 3.70 3.61 2.51 2.17 3.04 1.99 2.37 1.08 0.81 0.87
53 Mexico Mexico 0.00 1.67 1.41 0.00 0.29 0.86 1.05 1.69 1.46 2.47 0.66 2.03 2.69 3.22 2.75 2.11 2.47 1.67 0.86
54 Estonia Estonia 0.00 4.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 2.22 0.00 4.55 2.78 2.78 7.00 3.23 2.24 3.68 4.17 5.37 0.75
55 Romania Romania 0.97 0.00 1.22 0.48 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.30 0.88 0.66 0.55 1.10 1.47 1.46 1.01 0.68 0.74
56 Slovakia Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.53 1.69 2.02 0.82 0.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 0.53 0.30 0.60
57 Jordan Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.95 0.00 0.73 2.53 0.53
58 Kuwait Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 7.69 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.33 1.69 9.09 3.10 0.51
59 Croatia Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.30 0.00 0.00 2.34 0.00 0.00 0.75 0.67 0.00 0.00 1.12 0.51
60 Thailand Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.23 7.55 2.22 2.72 0.48 0.91 0.86 1.27 0.46 0.60 0.53 0.95 0.58 0.24 0.31 0.56 0.48
61 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.00 1.28 0.00 0.00 1.74 0.89 0.54 0.56 0.46 0.00 0.47 0.53 0.44 0.00 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.47
62 Vietnam Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.30 0.00 2.22 0.72 0.35 1.93 0.43 0.00 0.39 0.43
63 Malaysia Malaysia 0.00 31.82 3.03 5.36 9.62 11.34 11.22 1.88 1.01 0.78 0.77 1.18 0.75 0.81 0.69 0.93 0.36 0.68 0.40
64 Iran Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.57 0.00 0.35 1.04 0.96 0.57 0.94 0.86 0.84 0.41 0.38 0.50 0.43 0.40 0.59 0.38
65 Serbia Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33
66 Russia Russia 0.38 0.94 1.19 1.08 0.69 1.56 0.94 1.24 1.19 1.21 1.08 0.97 1.03 1.21 0.63 0.85 0.64 0.30 0.32
67 Morocco Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.23 1.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 1.59 1.40 0.29
68 Pakistan Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.06 1.68 0.00 1.24 0.57 0.42 0.63 0.21 0.30 0.46 0.10 0.27
69 Ukraine Ukraine 0.00 1.61 0.66 1.95 0.25 0.00 0.64 1.89 0.21 1.07 1.18 0.49 1.00 0.26 0.10 0.42 0.52 0.31 0.23
70 Egypt Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.78 0.00 1.83 0.00 0.33 0.26 0.42 0.76 0.70 0.53 1.34 0.43 0.26 0.34 0.18
71 Nigeria Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
72 Syria Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
73 Oman Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.10 0.00 0.00
74 Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00
75 Panama Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 8.33 12.50 50.00 42.86 50.00 0.00 62.50 0.00 0.00
76 Georgia Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 6.67 0.00 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
77 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.54 0.00 3.03 2.78 1.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
78 Belarus Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.04 0.86 1.09 1.90 1.94 1.48 0.66 0.67 0.55 0.64 2.60 0.50 1.83 1.21 0.38 0.00
79 Indonesia Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
80 Cuba Cuba 0.00 0.00 5.26 0.00 4.65 0.00 0.00 9.52 10.53 4.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 4.35 5.36 3.28 0.00 0.00
81 Iraq Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
82 Bosnia Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
83 Bahrain Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
84 Lebanon Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.63 0.00 0.00
85 Paraguay Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
86 Algeria Algeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.87 0.00 0.64 1.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
87 Armenia Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 1.37 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
88 Jamaica Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
89 Yemen Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
90 Afghanistan Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
91 Tunisia Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.00
92 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
93 Venezuela Venezuela 5.26 32.14 12.90 5.26 6.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.98 2.38 1.82 2.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)