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Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 [Mar]
1 Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 140.00 54.55 325.00 166.67 325.00 75.00 233.33 220.00 85.71 200.00 100.00 20.00 75.00
2 Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 83.33 88.89 120.00 33.33 52.94 16.67 25.00 29.09 28.36 35.85 40.00 32.95 56.47 54.95 50.00
3 USA 23.96 41.17 48.19 48.27 43.32 44.01 41.84 42.12 41.45 45.80 42.54 43.04 43.57 48.00 44.02 43.69 44.32 43.63 47.72
4 Taiwan 7.01 14.74 12.41 16.41 20.00 22.67 26.10 22.44 29.23 31.43 28.82 36.77 33.56 37.71 38.67 36.05 33.46 33.31 32.23
5 Japan 10.77 14.37 16.03 16.91 17.82 18.64 18.34 18.03 21.85 26.90 23.54 27.95 26.18 28.75 29.81 27.28 25.86 26.94 31.29
6 South Korea 5.56 10.20 9.73 13.31 19.61 17.97 21.14 18.94 19.11 24.93 22.21 21.60 22.77 25.18 26.32 28.32 29.26 24.48 24.41
7 Switzerland 6.40 10.96 14.53 13.11 15.63 13.64 17.32 18.05 16.25 18.25 15.11 13.77 14.75 21.35 16.21 16.72 18.48 19.48 21.30
8 Netherlands 4.51 7.57 11.72 12.81 16.06 16.65 17.06 24.10 22.67 28.03 23.37 23.42 19.54 22.06 24.19 17.50 18.74 18.95 20.94
9 Finland 3.82 5.26 4.90 10.00 7.94 6.72 7.50 6.32 9.45 9.38 7.26 11.51 12.97 13.26 11.02 19.08 19.01 15.33 16.86
10 France 10.10 10.87 13.50 13.73 10.71 10.81 10.86 10.79 11.02 13.48 14.19 11.56 13.60 16.17 15.02 13.54 14.16 16.44 14.78
11 Belgium 4.78 8.27 11.81 12.77 13.59 11.53 10.33 10.49 14.55 13.91 14.52 14.85 12.36 13.74 12.56 10.33 13.34 16.21 14.11
12 Germany 6.12 10.62 14.55 16.11 13.67 15.50 13.72 14.04 14.93 17.37 15.67 15.02 14.44 15.77 14.47 13.36 14.92 14.11 14.03
World 10.74 17.17 19.98 20.15 18.62 19.01 17.70 17.02 17.06 19.29 17.09 16.93 16.20 17.14 15.75 15.20 14.79 14.10 13.93
13 Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.27 0.00 3.28 1.35 1.61 0.00 6.19 6.06 3.96 1.06 13.33
14 Canada 9.18 13.56 15.85 14.75 11.08 13.00 7.49 10.29 8.95 10.83 11.74 9.82 9.42 10.18 9.99 9.93 9.28 9.56 12.29
15 Austria 3.98 6.90 3.56 7.76 5.48 8.98 10.11 7.29 7.98 8.62 6.74 8.62 7.60 8.89 7.66 6.50 6.57 8.51 10.62
16 Norway 3.03 5.26 15.38 2.56 7.69 6.31 9.15 7.23 5.76 9.52 8.71 10.54 7.32 7.41 7.69 10.59 6.19 8.61 10.37
17 Singapore 1.30 5.67 6.70 3.08 4.49 5.38 5.49 5.39 5.33 5.71 6.22 5.27 7.23 5.60 7.29 7.38 6.77 7.62 9.98
18 Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 18.18 5.88 2.86 8.33 20.00 8.33 10.42 1.54 3.70 6.45 6.35 2.73 6.38 9.68
19 Denmark 1.94 8.47 6.31 8.94 10.04 6.41 9.03 11.26 11.08 9.02 8.43 7.97 9.16 6.06 7.17 6.81 5.72 7.20 9.45
20 Saudi Arabia 0.00 12.50 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.68 2.22 2.88 3.75 4.26 5.88 6.21 5.41 5.36 4.85 9.02 10.29 8.82
21 UK 3.04 6.08 5.83 8.63 6.93 6.53 5.40 5.13 6.47 8.42 8.97 7.99 7.98 9.30 8.25 7.91 8.50 8.43 7.81
22 Sweden 4.41 5.95 7.69 6.98 7.86 8.42 6.21 7.86 9.81 10.20 9.11 9.87 9.55 11.61 9.44 7.76 8.06 7.28 5.81
23 Italy 3.09 3.52 3.73 4.91 4.72 5.12 4.75 5.41 4.45 5.83 5.54 4.77 4.54 4.97 4.41 4.05 4.35 4.56 5.52
24 New Zealand 3.70 5.26 6.82 5.88 7.41 5.38 4.42 5.85 3.40 3.37 3.83 4.81 4.37 4.60 5.24 4.76 5.85 3.00 5.00
25 Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.08 0.90 1.64 1.33 1.83 0.90 1.69 4.00 3.67 1.83 1.94 2.40 4.90
26 Spain 0.60 2.09 1.92 1.36 2.38 2.36 2.84 2.30 2.29 2.86 2.98 3.52 3.70 3.81 3.14 3.60 3.67 3.91
27 Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.95 0.00 0.73 2.53 3.33
28 UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.35 3.26 6.06 3.97 3.72 2.31 1.71 2.31 3.33
29 Australia 3.46 3.84 5.27 12.35 5.94 8.12 6.05 5.17 5.12 5.84 4.86 2.80 2.76 2.48 2.29 2.51 2.74 2.73 3.30
30 Ireland 7.14 7.20 15.79 7.05 11.25 10.15 7.47 13.82 11.08 8.49 7.43 7.81 5.88 10.12 8.42 6.52 6.74 6.71 2.97
31 China 0.15 0.43 0.70 1.04 0.88 1.29 1.03 1.23 1.89 2.12 2.05 2.49 2.67 2.27 2.26 2.26 2.42 2.50 2.35
32 Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.67 1.09 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.99 0.75 2.94 0.74 5.29 3.45 3.98 5.32 2.75 2.33
33 Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.64 1.45 2.33 2.76 3.20 1.93 1.71 2.00
34 Czech Republic 0.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.08 0.28 0.81 2.49 1.60 3.03 1.76 2.24 1.88 3.50 2.04 2.19 1.63 2.43 1.97
35 Bulgaria 0.00 1.28 0.00 0.00 1.74 0.89 0.54 0.56 0.46 0.00 0.47 0.53 0.44 0.00 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.96
36 Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 1.40 0.93 1.24 3.58 1.69
37 Greece 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.26 0.00 0.63 1.65 1.01 2.10 1.41 2.41 1.14 0.76 0.95 1.02 0.54 1.69
38 Portugal 0.00 0.83 0.00 1.05 1.08 0.30 0.00 1.43 1.12 1.76 2.65 1.77 1.82 1.21 1.36 2.10 1.44 1.73 1.57
39 Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.23 7.55 2.22 2.72 0.48 0.91 0.86 1.27 0.46 0.60 0.53 0.95 0.58 0.24 0.31 0.56 1.53
40 Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.88 0.47 0.51 0.39 0.17 0.78 0.33 0.61 1.29 0.88 1.09 1.97 2.09 2.07 1.60 1.36
41 Turkey 0.00 1.02 0.72 0.00 0.00 2.34 1.49 1.92 0.50 0.66 0.77 1.42 1.40 0.89 1.23 2.09 1.48 2.24 1.33
42 Ukraine 0.00 1.61 0.66 1.95 0.25 0.00 0.64 1.89 0.21 1.07 1.18 0.49 1.00 0.26 0.10 0.42 0.52 0.31 1.18
43 South Africa 13.04 17.39 16.67 6.45 7.78 7.22 2.63 3.92 1.01 5.47 4.81 3.18 4.11 3.44 2.24 1.74 1.67 1.47 1.14
44 Brazil 0.00 0.39 0.65 1.27 0.94 0.79 0.93 1.71 2.07 1.23 1.72 1.41 1.59 1.94 1.61 1.13 1.33 1.28 1.13
45 India 1.18 2.58 1.76 2.87 2.78 1.76 2.10 1.48 1.22 1.26 1.31 1.62 1.48 1.38 1.55 1.39 1.21 1.06 1.13
46 Romania 0.97 0.00 1.22 0.48 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.30 0.88 0.66 0.55 1.10 1.47 1.46 1.01 0.68 1.03
47 Argentina 1.10 0.00 0.93 0.00 0.68 0.00 0.47 0.40 0.65 0.73 1.09 0.71 0.91 0.62 1.10 0.51 1.24 0.43 0.54
48 Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.57 0.00 0.35 1.04 0.96 0.57 0.94 0.86 0.84 0.41 0.38 0.50 0.43 0.40 0.59 0.48
49 Malaysia 0.00 31.82 3.03 5.36 9.62 11.34 11.22 1.88 1.01 0.78 0.77 1.18 0.75 0.81 0.69 0.93 0.36 0.68 0.37
50 Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.78 0.00 1.83 0.00 0.33 0.26 0.42 0.76 0.70 0.53 1.34 0.43 0.26 0.34 0.31
51 Mexico 0.00 1.67 1.41 0.00 0.29 0.86 1.05 1.69 1.46 2.47 0.66 2.03 2.69 3.22 2.75 2.11 2.47 1.67 0.27
52 Russia 0.38 0.94 1.19 1.08 0.69 1.56 0.94 1.24 1.19 1.21 1.08 0.97 1.03 1.21 0.63 0.85 0.64 0.30 0.19
53 Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.06 1.68 0.00 1.24 0.57 0.42 0.63 0.21 0.30 0.46 0.10 0.16
54 Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
55 Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 11.11 14.29 5.56 7.69 6.25 0.00 0.00 4.88 0.23 1.11 5.13 0.00
56 Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.53 1.69 2.02 0.82 0.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 0.53 0.30 0.00
57 Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.30 0.00 2.22 0.72 0.35 1.93 0.43 0.00 0.39 0.00
58 Algeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.87 0.00 0.64 1.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
59 Venezuela 5.26 32.14 12.90 5.26 6.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.98 2.38 1.82 2.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00
60 Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
61 Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 13.33 0.00 0.00 3.13 6.90 6.45 0.00 0.00 2.78 1.64 0.00 0.00
62 Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 8.33 12.50 50.00 42.86 50.00 0.00 62.50 0.00 0.00
63 Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
64 Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.00
65 Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
66 Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
67 Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.23 1.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 1.59 1.40 0.00
68 Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.10 0.00 0.00
69 North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 16.67 0.00 8.70 0.00
70 Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
71 Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.67 1.11 0.00 1.32 1.20 1.08 0.50 3.54 2.69 1.69 5.10 4.11 1.53 4.53 4.13 0.00
72 Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
73 Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00
74 Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
75 Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.04 0.86 1.09 1.90 1.94 1.48 0.66 0.67 0.55 0.64 2.60 0.50 1.83 1.21 0.38 0.00
76 Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
77 Azerbaijan 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.54 0.00 3.03 2.78 1.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
78 Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.08 16.67 16.67 8.00 0.00 0.00
79 Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.30 0.00 0.00 2.34 0.00 0.00 0.75 0.67 0.00 0.00 1.12 0.00
80 Cuba 0.00 0.00 5.26 0.00 4.65 0.00 0.00 9.52 10.53 4.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 4.35 5.36 3.28 0.00 0.00
81 Estonia 0.00 4.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 2.22 0.00 4.55 2.78 2.78 7.00 3.23 2.24 3.68 4.17 5.37 0.00
82 Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
83 Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 7.69 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.33 1.69 9.09 3.10 0.00
84 Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
85 Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 4.84 1.19 1.59 0.58 0.50 0.00
86 Hungary 0.00 1.18 0.47 0.82 0.36 1.10 2.20 1.81 1.94 3.70 3.61 2.51 2.17 3.04 1.99 2.37 1.08 0.81 0.00
87 Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
88 Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
89 Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 6.98 0.00 0.00 5.17 0.00
90 Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 1.37 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
91 Angola 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
92 Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 6.67 0.00 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
93 Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.63 0.00 0.00
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)