REPORT TOOLBOX
INFO
Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 [Mar]
1 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 140.00 60.00 325.00 166.67 325.00 75.00 233.33 275.00 75.00 250.00 100.00 18.18 220.00 0.00 300.00 200.00
2 USA USA 23.96 41.10 48.38 48.37 43.54 44.45 41.87 42.31 41.27 45.75 42.47 41.78 42.15 46.89 43.11 42.54 43.01 41.93 45.32 45.88 49.12 55.38
3 Luxembourg Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 71.43 80.00 120.00 33.33 56.25 16.22 25.00 29.09 28.36 35.85 45.28 32.22 57.14 52.08 45.54 42.11 41.41 40.91
4 Taiwan Taiwan 7.04 15.02 12.55 16.67 20.12 23.01 26.28 22.73 29.40 31.45 29.11 36.86 33.53 37.94 38.81 35.77 33.41 32.75 36.85 32.54 31.90 35.14
5 Japan Japan 11.08 14.64 16.30 17.26 17.95 18.92 18.44 18.04 21.78 26.61 23.23 27.57 25.75 28.57 29.33 26.65 25.29 26.29 27.42 25.75 26.18 28.31
6 South Korea South Korea 5.54 10.33 9.84 13.35 19.86 18.06 21.41 19.16 19.20 25.01 22.11 21.52 22.78 25.21 26.25 28.28 29.16 24.12 25.42 25.62 24.56 25.45
7 Switzerland Switzerland 6.63 11.03 14.99 13.55 15.92 13.56 17.20 17.77 16.00 17.51 14.75 13.66 14.56 20.76 15.87 16.40 18.45 18.88 18.60 17.75 20.71 22.94
8 Netherlands Netherlands 4.55 7.74 11.72 12.78 16.15 16.77 17.12 23.70 22.17 27.09 22.21 22.85 18.88 21.47 23.53 16.98 18.27 18.07 17.68 18.29 19.29 19.91
9 France France 10.27 11.05 13.64 13.73 10.68 10.84 10.77 10.60 10.81 13.09 13.68 11.22 13.12 15.69 14.75 13.15 13.86 15.70 14.43 13.09 13.18 17.48
10 Finland Finland 3.80 5.39 4.96 10.18 8.03 6.94 7.71 6.29 9.40 9.16 7.12 11.24 12.82 13.09 10.96 18.92 19.27 14.88 16.93 17.18 16.78 17.05
11 Ireland Ireland 7.00 7.38 16.78 7.17 11.44 10.38 7.51 13.70 11.20 8.40 7.23 7.66 5.75 9.92 8.32 6.20 6.46 6.19 6.97 9.40 11.02 16.42
12 Belgium Belgium 4.98 8.54 11.90 12.90 13.70 11.59 10.41 10.35 14.25 13.33 13.85 14.49 11.83 13.40 12.22 9.91 12.91 15.36 14.28 11.24 15.43 16.22
13 Germany Germany 6.22 10.84 14.79 16.33 13.65 15.61 13.70 13.87 14.68 16.68 15.27 14.64 13.92 15.35 14.25 13.09 14.50 13.67 14.37 12.78 12.49 13.73
World World 10.87 17.41 20.26 20.37 18.76 19.20 17.76 16.94 16.82 18.89 16.75 16.65 15.89 16.86 15.54 14.89 14.47 13.62 13.43 13.11 12.83 12.74
14 Canada Canada 9.27 13.59 16.27 14.70 11.15 13.12 7.50 10.28 8.88 10.50 11.34 9.65 9.13 9.92 9.89 9.72 9.08 9.28 10.29 10.11 10.94 10.72
15 Cuba Cuba 0.00 0.00 4.76 0.00 4.65 0.00 0.00 9.52 10.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.30 3.92 5.36 3.17 0.00 0.00 7.81 5.36 10.00
16 Denmark Denmark 1.95 8.74 6.60 9.01 10.13 6.62 9.56 11.17 11.11 8.97 8.29 7.92 8.79 5.89 7.10 6.62 5.71 7.02 7.79 6.36 6.38 9.75
17 Norway Norway 2.56 5.13 14.55 2.53 7.48 5.83 8.81 7.06 5.50 8.96 8.24 10.37 6.90 7.17 7.18 10.16 5.82 8.42 9.27 8.99 5.69 9.72
18 UK UK 3.08 6.19 5.86 8.77 7.07 6.62 5.41 5.08 6.24 8.10 9.04 7.79 7.68 9.00 8.09 7.57 8.28 8.07 8.99 8.50 8.53 9.18
19 Austria Austria 4.00 7.14 3.62 7.89 5.60 8.88 9.93 7.30 7.87 8.39 6.62 8.88 7.63 8.75 7.65 6.35 6.61 8.31 11.79 13.09 12.24 8.92
20 Lebanon Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.98 0.00 0.00 0.52 0.67 8.70
21 Sweden Sweden 4.58 6.09 7.87 7.10 8.00 8.50 6.16 7.76 9.72 10.01 9.15 9.79 9.36 11.43 9.34 7.71 7.95 7.11 7.53 6.49 7.25 8.24
22 Estonia Estonia 0.00 4.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.44 2.38 0.00 4.55 2.70 2.78 7.00 3.28 2.13 3.55 4.08 5.30 0.68 0.65 5.26 7.69
23 Costa rica Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 20.00 16.67 13.33 8.33 0.00 18.18 8.11 11.43 7.69
24 New Zealand New Zealand 3.64 5.66 6.98 5.97 7.32 5.26 4.42 5.65 3.47 3.21 3.64 4.67 3.96 4.30 5.02 4.63 5.76 2.82 3.21 5.83 2.40 6.36
25 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.00 16.67 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.68 2.38 3.01 3.74 4.28 5.81 6.10 5.37 5.26 4.77 8.84 9.95 9.81 7.17 6.45 6.23
26 Singapore Singapore 1.32 5.76 6.92 3.17 4.59 5.44 5.49 5.42 5.29 5.66 6.15 5.22 7.17 5.52 7.23 7.25 6.58 7.39 8.18 6.34 6.30 5.68
27 Slovenia Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.74 1.14 0.00 1.39 1.24 1.07 0.49 3.29 2.68 1.69 5.10 3.98 1.50 4.52 4.00 1.57 3.68 2.28 5.15
28 Latvia Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.22 0.00 3.39 1.32 1.45 0.00 6.03 5.83 100.00 0.90 2.22 0.82 2.86 5.13
29 Lithuania Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.64 1.12 0.00 0.00 1.02 1.00 0.74 2.90 0.12 5.39 3.38 3.87 5.18 2.49 0.90 1.92 2.90 4.92
30 Italy Italy 3.18 3.45 3.84 4.99 4.73 5.20 4.75 5.25 4.34 5.68 5.39 4.67 4.34 4.82 4.34 3.95 4.23 4.37 4.75 4.93 4.21 4.70
31 Philippines Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 12.50 12.50 5.88 8.33 5.88 0.00 0.00 5.13 6.00 1.14 4.88 4.42 5.43 0.00 3.85
32 Australia Australia 3.46 3.80 5.29 12.50 5.91 8.16 6.01 5.07 4.91 5.73 4.71 2.79 2.68 2.42 2.24 2.43 2.64 2.65 2.59 2.56 2.85 3.74
33 Spain Spain 0.60 2.08 1.95 1.35 2.41 2.34 2.80 2.24 2.19 2.77 2.86 3.37 3.57 3.69 3.01 3.51 3.49 4.10 3.47 3.89 3.68
34 Qatar Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.00 1.42 0.90 1.20 3.45 2.94 2.13 3.48 3.45
35 UAE UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.35 3.19 5.77 3.85 3.78 2.27 1.65 2.24 2.50 2.45 3.20 3.43
36 Chile Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.13 0.94 1.64 1.29 1.84 0.91 1.69 4.04 3.65 1.81 1.94 2.31 3.42 2.38 3.37 2.88
37 China China 0.15 0.44 0.71 1.06 0.89 1.30 1.04 1.24 1.90 2.12 2.05 2.48 2.64 2.24 2.23 2.23 2.39 2.43 2.36 2.61 2.94 2.84
38 Greece Greece 0.00 0.64 0.00 0.00 1.10 1.26 0.00 0.61 1.57 0.98 2.01 1.36 2.30 1.07 0.74 0.94 0.96 0.51 0.99 1.01 2.06 2.28
39 Kuwait Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.38 1.72 8.75 3.08 0.47 0.52 1.40 1.54
40 Hungary Hungary 0.00 1.20 0.48 0.83 0.36 1.13 2.21 1.82 1.98 3.64 3.58 2.44 2.15 3.02 2.00 2.34 1.03 0.80 0.79 0.52 0.63 1.45
41 Brazil Brazil 0.00 0.40 0.67 1.30 0.97 0.82 0.95 1.74 2.06 1.24 1.69 1.41 1.59 1.93 1.61 1.12 1.30 1.26 1.32 0.84 1.09 1.39
42 Ukraine Ukraine 0.00 1.68 0.68 2.00 0.25 0.00 0.66 1.90 0.20 1.06 1.20 0.49 1.00 0.26 0.10 0.41 0.49 0.29 0.20 0.64 0.79 1.38
43 Serbia Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.54 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 1.19
44 Portugal Portugal 0.00 0.81 0.00 1.06 1.05 0.29 0.00 1.36 1.07 1.73 2.50 1.74 1.74 1.16 1.30 1.98 1.33 1.58 1.77 1.59 2.12 1.10
45 Poland Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.90 0.47 0.53 0.40 0.17 0.78 0.32 0.61 1.28 0.87 1.08 1.94 2.06 2.03 1.55 1.62 1.29 1.38 1.06
46 India India 1.20 2.64 1.77 2.92 2.81 1.80 2.13 1.49 1.21 1.25 1.30 1.60 1.45 1.36 1.54 1.35 1.17 1.01 0.87 0.75 0.69 0.91
47 Turkey Turkey 0.00 1.09 0.75 0.00 0.00 2.49 1.55 1.97 0.53 0.67 0.80 1.46 1.43 0.90 1.24 2.08 1.44 2.17 1.22 1.37 1.01 0.88
48 Czech Republic Czech Republic 0.71 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.29 0.82 2.48 1.60 2.96 1.71 2.23 1.88 3.43 2.05 2.15 1.60 2.34 1.84 1.40 2.14 0.79
49 Russia Russia 0.39 0.96 1.21 1.10 0.71 1.60 0.94 1.25 1.18 1.20 1.07 0.97 1.02 1.20 0.63 0.84 0.63 0.29 0.26 0.39 0.49 0.72
50 Argentina Argentina 1.09 0.00 0.94 0.00 0.67 0.00 0.47 0.40 0.62 0.72 1.07 0.72 0.90 0.61 1.08 0.49 1.21 0.41 0.82 0.66 1.74 0.71
51 Mexico Mexico 0.00 1.65 1.42 0.00 0.29 0.87 1.04 1.71 1.43 2.47 0.66 2.01 2.67 3.15 2.72 2.03 2.45 1.63 0.76 1.36 0.53 0.65
52 Romania Romania 1.00 0.00 1.23 0.49 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.29 0.86 0.65 0.55 1.09 1.44 1.41 0.96 0.65 0.64 0.63 0.40 0.37
53 South Africa South Africa 11.54 16.00 15.38 7.02 8.14 6.80 2.56 3.82 0.98 5.32 4.69 3.09 3.89 3.26 2.22 1.68 1.61 1.39 0.99 1.28 1.13 0.32
54 Iran Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.57 0.00 0.36 1.07 0.96 0.56 0.95 0.86 0.85 0.42 0.38 0.50 0.43 0.40 0.58 0.35 0.46 0.46 0.31
55 Egypt Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.99 0.00 1.88 0.00 0.33 0.27 0.42 0.76 0.70 0.54 1.34 0.42 0.26 0.33 0.16 0.16 0.06 0.28
56 Malaysia Malaysia 0.00 30.43 2.94 5.36 9.62 11.58 12.00 1.94 0.99 0.78 0.76 1.18 0.75 0.81 0.68 0.92 0.35 0.64 0.36 0.42 0.19 0.28
57 Pakistan Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.67 0.00 1.30 0.59 0.43 0.64 0.21 0.30 0.45 0.10 0.24 0.13 0.07 0.09
58 Morocco Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.27 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 1.65 1.36 0.27 0.41 0.33 0.00
59 Oman Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 0.00
60 Peru Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.56 1.41 0.83 0.00
61 Paraguay Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
62 Uruguay Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 15.38 0.00 0.00 3.03 6.45 5.88 0.00 0.00 2.63 1.59 0.00 1.43 0.00 0.00 0.00
63 Tunisia Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
64 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
65 Slovakia Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.57 1.75 2.08 0.79 0.64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.37 0.49 0.29 0.51 0.91 0.64 0.00
66 Thailand Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.13 7.84 2.25 2.72 0.50 0.93 0.86 1.26 0.46 0.60 0.53 0.95 0.59 0.25 0.31 0.56 0.44 0.61 0.45 0.00
67 Afghanistan Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
68 North Korea North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 16.67 0.00 9.09 2.56 0.00 2.38 0.00
69 Venezuela Venezuela 5.88 33.33 12.90 5.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.25 2.56 1.82 1.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
70 Nigeria Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
71 Vietnam Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 2.27 0.71 0.34 1.89 0.41 0.00 0.38 0.37 0.25 0.42 0.00
72 Syria Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
73 Yemen Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
74 Bosnia Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
75 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.00 1.28 0.00 0.00 1.74 0.87 0.53 0.56 0.47 0.00 0.46 0.52 0.43 0.00 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00 1.11 0.00
76 Belarus Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.17 0.88 1.11 1.92 2.01 1.53 0.66 0.65 0.55 0.64 2.60 0.51 1.85 1.24 0.36 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.00
77 Colombia Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.22 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.66 1.45 2.34 2.65 3.14 1.91 1.68 1.97 1.35 1.87 0.00
78 Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
79 Croatia Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.32 0.00 0.00 2.17 0.00 0.00 0.74 0.66 0.00 0.00 1.09 0.46 0.43 0.00 0.00
80 Cyprus Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 15.38 5.00 2.56 7.14 15.56 7.89 9.26 1.35 3.64 6.45 5.71 2.56 6.12 4.05 1.84 0.91 0.00
81 Armenia Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.38 0.00 1.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
82 Georgia Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 5.26 0.00 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
83 Bahrain Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00