REPORT TOOLBOX
INFO
Indicator : Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)
Description : Ratio of nanotechnology patents granted or published in USPTO and EPO per 100 ISI nano-articles published in the same year.
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 [Mar]
1 Luxembourg Luxembourg 100.00 300.00 0.00 200.00 83.33 88.89 120.00 33.33 52.94 16.67 25.00 29.09 28.36 35.85 40.00 32.95 56.47 54.95 46.36 61.90
2 USA USA 23.96 41.17 48.19 48.27 43.32 44.01 41.84 42.12 41.45 45.80 42.54 43.04 43.57 48.00 44.02 43.69 44.32 43.63 47.47 59.66
3 Taiwan Taiwan 7.01 14.74 12.41 16.41 20.00 22.67 26.10 22.44 29.23 31.43 28.82 36.77 33.56 37.71 38.67 36.05 33.46 33.31 37.64 47.17
4 Japan Japan 10.77 14.37 16.03 16.91 17.82 18.64 18.34 18.03 21.85 26.90 23.54 27.95 26.18 28.75 29.81 27.28 25.86 26.94 28.28 36.58
5 Iceland Iceland 0.00 0.00 100.00 16.67 0.00 0.00 6.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 6.98 0.00 0.00 5.17 3.64 33.33
6 South Korea South Korea 5.56 10.20 9.73 13.31 19.61 17.97 21.14 18.94 19.11 24.93 22.21 21.60 22.77 25.18 26.32 28.32 29.26 24.48 25.90 29.62
7 Switzerland Switzerland 6.40 10.96 14.53 13.11 15.63 13.64 17.32 18.05 16.25 18.25 15.11 13.77 14.75 21.35 16.21 16.72 18.48 19.48 19.28 27.37
8 Netherlands Netherlands 4.51 7.57 11.72 12.81 16.06 16.65 17.06 24.10 22.67 28.03 23.37 23.42 19.54 22.06 24.19 17.50 18.74 18.95 18.31 22.20
9 Austria Austria 3.98 6.90 3.56 7.76 5.48 8.98 10.11 7.29 7.98 8.62 6.74 8.62 7.60 8.89 7.66 6.50 6.57 8.51 12.10 21.60
10 Finland Finland 3.82 5.26 4.90 10.00 7.94 6.72 7.50 6.32 9.45 9.38 7.26 11.51 12.97 13.26 11.02 19.08 19.01 15.33 17.39 21.52
11 Germany Germany 6.12 10.62 14.55 16.11 13.67 15.50 13.72 14.04 14.93 17.37 15.67 15.02 14.44 15.77 14.47 13.36 14.92 14.11 15.01 19.00
12 France France 10.10 10.87 13.50 13.73 10.71 10.81 10.86 10.79 11.02 13.48 14.19 11.56 13.60 16.17 15.02 13.54 14.16 16.44 15.09 17.34
13 Norway Norway 3.03 5.26 15.38 2.56 7.69 6.31 9.15 7.23 5.76 9.52 8.71 10.54 7.32 7.41 7.69 10.59 6.19 8.61 9.52 16.84
14 Costa rica Costa rica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 23.08 16.67 16.67 8.00 0.00 17.39 16.67
World World 10.74 17.17 19.98 20.15 18.62 19.01 17.70 17.02 17.06 19.29 17.09 16.93 16.20 17.14 15.75 15.20 14.79 14.10 13.98 16.17
15 Philippines Philippines 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 11.11 14.29 5.56 7.69 6.25 0.00 0.00 4.88 6.00 1.11 5.13 4.50 15.79
16 Canada Canada 9.18 13.56 15.85 14.75 11.08 13.00 7.49 10.29 8.95 10.83 11.74 9.82 9.42 10.18 9.99 9.93 9.28 9.56 10.75 13.97
17 Belgium Belgium 4.78 8.27 11.81 12.77 13.59 11.53 10.33 10.49 14.55 13.91 14.52 14.85 12.36 13.74 12.56 10.33 13.34 16.21 15.04 12.69
18 UK UK 3.04 6.08 5.83 8.63 6.93 6.53 5.40 5.13 6.47 8.42 8.97 7.99 7.98 9.30 8.25 7.91 8.50 8.43 9.39 12.25
19 Ireland Ireland 7.14 7.20 15.79 7.05 11.25 10.15 7.47 13.82 11.08 8.49 7.43 7.81 5.88 10.12 8.42 6.52 6.74 6.71 7.45 12.22
20 Sweden Sweden 4.41 5.95 7.69 6.98 7.86 8.42 6.21 7.86 9.81 10.20 9.11 9.87 9.55 11.61 9.44 7.76 8.06 7.28 7.71 9.70
21 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.00 12.50 28.57 6.25 0.00 21.05 9.68 2.22 2.88 3.75 4.26 5.88 6.21 5.41 5.36 4.85 9.02 10.29 10.18 9.08
22 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.00 1.28 0.00 0.00 1.74 0.89 0.54 0.56 0.46 0.00 0.47 0.53 0.44 0.00 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 7.50
23 Italy Italy 3.09 3.52 3.73 4.91 4.72 5.12 4.75 5.41 4.45 5.83 5.54 4.77 4.54 4.97 4.41 4.05 4.35 4.56 4.93 7.13
24 Denmark Denmark 1.94 8.47 6.31 8.94 10.04 6.41 9.03 11.26 11.08 9.02 8.43 7.97 9.16 6.06 7.17 6.81 5.72 7.20 8.07 6.61
25 Singapore Singapore 1.30 5.67 6.70 3.08 4.49 5.38 5.49 5.39 5.33 5.71 6.22 5.27 7.23 5.60 7.29 7.38 6.77 7.62 8.47 6.57
26 New Zealand New Zealand 3.70 5.26 6.82 5.88 7.41 5.38 4.42 5.85 3.40 3.37 3.83 4.81 4.37 4.60 5.24 4.76 5.85 3.00 3.35 6.56
27 Cyprus Cyprus 0.00 25.00 33.33 50.00 16.67 18.18 5.88 2.86 8.33 20.00 8.33 10.42 1.54 3.70 6.45 6.35 2.73 6.38 4.32 4.76
28 Spain Spain 0.60 2.09 1.92 1.36 2.38 2.36 2.84 2.30 2.29 2.86 2.98 3.52 3.70 3.81 3.14 3.60 3.67 4.29 4.30
29 Slovenia Slovenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.67 1.11 0.00 1.32 1.20 1.08 0.50 3.54 2.69 1.69 5.10 4.11 1.53 4.53 4.13 1.60 4.29
30 UAE UAE 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.35 3.26 6.06 3.97 3.72 2.31 1.71 2.31 2.60 4.24
31 Chile Chile 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.08 0.90 1.64 1.33 1.83 0.90 1.69 4.00 3.67 1.83 1.94 2.40 3.48 3.45
32 Australia Australia 3.46 3.84 5.27 12.35 5.94 8.12 6.05 5.17 5.12 5.84 4.86 2.80 2.76 2.48 2.29 2.51 2.74 2.73 2.68 2.94
33 China China 0.15 0.43 0.70 1.04 0.88 1.29 1.03 1.23 1.89 2.12 2.05 2.49 2.67 2.27 2.26 2.26 2.42 2.50 2.45 2.72
34 Slovakia Slovakia 0.00 0.00 3.53 1.69 2.02 0.82 0.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.39 0.53 0.30 0.55 2.63
35 Kuwait Kuwait 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 7.69 0.00 5.26 9.52 0.00 0.00 2.33 1.69 9.09 3.10 0.48 2.56
36 Turkey Turkey 0.00 1.02 0.72 0.00 0.00 2.34 1.49 1.92 0.50 0.66 0.77 1.42 1.40 0.89 1.23 2.09 1.48 2.24 1.27 2.53
37 Czech Republic Czech Republic 0.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.08 0.28 0.81 2.49 1.60 3.03 1.76 2.24 1.88 3.50 2.04 2.19 1.63 2.43 1.89 2.40
38 Mexico Mexico 0.00 1.67 1.41 0.00 0.29 0.86 1.05 1.69 1.46 2.47 0.66 2.03 2.69 3.22 2.75 2.11 2.47 1.67 0.80 2.35
39 Lithuania Lithuania 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.67 1.09 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.99 0.75 2.94 0.74 5.29 3.45 3.98 5.32 2.75 0.93 2.33
40 Qatar Qatar 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.94 1.40 0.93 1.24 3.58 3.10 2.33
41 Poland Poland 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.88 0.47 0.51 0.39 0.17 0.78 0.33 0.61 1.29 0.88 1.09 1.97 2.09 2.07 1.60 1.68 2.29
42 Romania Romania 0.97 0.00 1.22 0.48 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.59 0.30 0.88 0.66 0.55 1.10 1.47 1.46 1.01 0.68 0.67 1.69
43 Portugal Portugal 0.00 0.83 0.00 1.05 1.08 0.30 0.00 1.43 1.12 1.76 2.65 1.77 1.82 1.21 1.36 2.10 1.44 1.73 1.84 1.54
44 Greece Greece 0.00 0.63 0.00 0.00 1.09 1.26 0.00 0.63 1.65 1.01 2.10 1.41 2.41 1.14 0.76 0.95 1.02 0.54 1.04 1.41
45 Argentina Argentina 1.10 0.00 0.93 0.00 0.68 0.00 0.47 0.40 0.65 0.73 1.09 0.71 0.91 0.62 1.10 0.51 1.24 0.43 0.84 1.22
46 Colombia Colombia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.64 1.45 2.33 2.76 3.20 1.93 1.71 2.02 1.15
47 Morocco Morocco 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.23 1.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.91 1.59 1.40 0.28 1.06
48 Hungary Hungary 0.00 1.18 0.47 0.82 0.36 1.10 2.20 1.81 1.94 3.70 3.61 2.51 2.17 3.04 1.99 2.37 1.08 0.81 0.82 1.01
49 Brazil Brazil 0.00 0.39 0.65 1.27 0.94 0.79 0.93 1.71 2.07 1.23 1.72 1.41 1.59 1.94 1.61 1.13 1.33 1.28 1.37 0.87
50 India India 1.18 2.58 1.76 2.87 2.78 1.76 2.10 1.48 1.22 1.26 1.31 1.62 1.48 1.38 1.55 1.39 1.21 1.06 0.92 0.76
51 South Africa South Africa 13.04 17.39 16.67 6.45 7.78 7.22 2.63 3.92 1.01 5.47 4.81 3.18 4.11 3.44 2.24 1.74 1.67 1.47 1.04 0.73
52 Iran Iran 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.57 0.00 0.35 1.04 0.96 0.57 0.94 0.86 0.84 0.41 0.38 0.50 0.43 0.40 0.59 0.36 0.60
53 Vietnam Vietnam 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.26 4.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.30 0.00 2.22 0.72 0.35 1.93 0.43 0.00 0.39 0.40 0.58
54 Russia Russia 0.38 0.94 1.19 1.08 0.69 1.56 0.94 1.24 1.19 1.21 1.08 0.97 1.03 1.21 0.63 0.85 0.64 0.30 0.28 0.54
55 Egypt Egypt 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.78 0.00 1.83 0.00 0.33 0.26 0.42 0.76 0.70 0.53 1.34 0.43 0.26 0.34 0.17 0.43
56 Malaysia Malaysia 0.00 31.82 3.03 5.36 9.62 11.34 11.22 1.88 1.01 0.78 0.77 1.18 0.75 0.81 0.69 0.93 0.36 0.68 0.37 0.43
57 Thailand Thailand 0.00 9.09 3.23 7.55 2.22 2.72 0.48 0.91 0.86 1.27 0.46 0.60 0.53 0.95 0.58 0.24 0.31 0.56 0.46 0.41
58 Pakistan Pakistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.06 1.68 0.00 1.24 0.57 0.42 0.63 0.21 0.30 0.46 0.10 0.25 0.16
59 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 5.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.79 4.84 1.19 1.59 0.58 0.50 1.56 0.00
60 Latvia Latvia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.27 0.00 3.28 1.35 1.61 0.00 6.19 6.06 3.96 1.06 2.38 0.00
61 Lebanon Lebanon 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.63 0.00 0.00 0.00
62 Iraq Iraq 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
63 Afghanistan Afghanistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
64 Jordan Jordan 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.47 0.95 0.00 0.73 2.53 0.49 0.00
65 Nigeria Nigeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 25.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
66 Algeria Algeria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.87 0.00 0.64 1.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
67 Panama Panama 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 8.33 12.50 50.00 42.86 50.00 0.00 62.50 0.00 0.00 0.00
68 Yemen Yemen 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 66.67 0.00 5.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
69 Jamaica Jamaica 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
70 Estonia Estonia 0.00 4.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 2.22 0.00 4.55 2.78 2.78 7.00 3.23 2.24 3.68 4.17 5.37 0.71 0.00
71 Peru Peru 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.56 0.00
72 North Korea North Korea 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.50 16.67 0.00 8.70 2.56 0.00
73 Serbia Serbia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 0.00
74 Syria Syria 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
75 Tunisia Tunisia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.00 0.00
76 Ukraine Ukraine 0.00 1.61 0.66 1.95 0.25 0.00 0.64 1.89 0.21 1.07 1.18 0.49 1.00 0.26 0.10 0.42 0.52 0.31 0.21 0.00
77 Uruguay Uruguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 13.33 0.00 0.00 3.13 6.90 6.45 0.00 0.00 2.78 1.64 0.00 1.56 0.00
78 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
79 Venezuela Venezuela 5.26 32.14 12.90 5.26 6.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.98 2.38 1.82 2.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.75 0.00 0.00 0.00
80 Oman Oman 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.10 0.00 0.00 0.00
81 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 0.00 40.00 275.00 166.67 140.00 54.55 325.00 166.67 325.00 75.00 233.33 220.00 85.71 200.00 100.00 20.00 220.00 0.00
82 Indonesia Indonesia 0.00 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 14.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
83 Georgia Georgia 33.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 0.00 6.67 0.00 7.69 0.00 0.00 3.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
84 Angola Angola 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 50.00 0.00
85 Armenia Armenia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 1.37 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
86 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 11.54 0.00 3.03 2.78 1.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
87 Bahrain Bahrain 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
88 Bangladesh Bangladesh 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.00 0.00
89 Belarus Belarus 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.04 0.86 1.09 1.90 1.94 1.48 0.66 0.67 0.55 0.64 2.60 0.50 1.83 1.21 0.38 0.00 0.00
90 Bosnia Bosnia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
91 Croatia Croatia 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.30 0.00 0.00 2.34 0.00 0.00 0.75 0.67 0.00 0.00 1.12 0.48 0.00
92 Cuba Cuba 0.00 0.00 5.26 0.00 4.65 0.00 0.00 9.52 10.53 4.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.09 4.35 5.36 3.28 0.00 0.00 0.00
93 Paraguay Paraguay 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ratio of nanotechnology patents to nano-articles (Patents per 100 articles)