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Indicator : Researchers in R&D (per million people) (People)
Description : Researchers in R&D are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D are included.
Source : The World Bank
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
INDICATOR TYPE
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR
Researchers in R&D (per million people) (People)
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
1 Denmark 4,621 4,845 5,201 5,302 5,519 6,497 6,660 6,744 7,026 7,156 7,168 7,198
2 Finland 8,008 7,846 7,545 7,673 7,373 7,692 7,649 7,717 7,414 7,460 7,188 6,986
3 South Korea 3,244 3,336 3,777 4,175 4,604 4,868 5,001 5,380 5,853 6,362 6,457 6,899
4 Sweden 5,393 5,434 6,091 6,133 5,005 5,443 5,085 5,256 5,147 5,164 6,670 6,868
5 Singapore 4,901 5,134 5,292 5,425 5,769 5,741 6,149 6,307 6,496 6,442 6,665 6,659
6 Japan 5,170 5,176 5,360 5,387 5,378 5,158 5,148 5,153 5,160 5,084 5,201 5,386
7 Austria 3,171 3,457 3,531 3,816 4,142 4,146 4,359 4,406 4,653 4,763 4,815
8 Luxembourg 4,367 4,504 4,864 4,412 4,636 4,716 4,829 5,145 5,444 4,339 4,595 4,577
9 Netherlands 2,714 2,983 2,930 3,241 3,101 3,071 2,833 3,229 3,675 4,372 4,561 4,478
10 Germany 3,261 3,274 3,350 3,452 3,597 3,752 3,941 4,078 4,211 4,379 4,400 4,381
11 UK 3,635 3,823 4,129 4,188 4,132 4,084 4,116 4,091 3,979 4,029 4,186 4,252
12 France 3,203 3,340 3,307 3,418 3,580 3,654 3,741 3,868 3,940 4,073 4,170 4,201
13 Belgium 3,001 3,128 3,138 3,281 3,393 3,412 3,522 3,736 3,879 4,115 4,156 4,176
14 Slovenia 1,893 2,017 2,631 2,920 3,098 3,463 3,645 3,753 4,261 4,307 4,217 4,150
15 Ireland 2,503 2,695 2,756 2,835 2,893 3,237 3,113 3,070 3,282 3,422 3,606 3,732
16 Portugal 1,934 1,969 2,016 2,344 2,671 3,820 3,761 3,923 4,172 4,042 3,615 3,700
17 Czech Republic 1,550 1,598 2,362 2,557 2,699 2,865 2,749 2,782 2,913 3,150 3,250 3,418
18 Estonia 2,232 2,498 2,457 2,603 2,745 2,970 3,229 3,061 3,397 3,461 3,339 3,284
19 Russia 3,365 3,310 3,235 3,240 3,276 3,153 3,090 3,088 3,125 3,094 3,073 3,102
20 Lithuania 1,916 2,143 2,284 2,414 2,594 2,619 2,676 2,754 2,732 2,660 2,887 2,961
21 Slovakia 1,780 1,981 2,028 2,186 2,291 2,332 2,460 2,808 2,832 2,820 2,718 2,719
22 Greece 1,407 1,770 1,794 1,888 2,212 2,232 2,644 2,716
23 Hungary 1,498 1,474 1,573 1,741 1,728 1,841 1,999 2,131 2,304 2,394 2,523 2,651
24 Spain 2,201 2,363 2,502 2,600 2,712 2,859 2,890 2,889 2,788 2,718 2,653 2,642
25 Norway 4,507 495 , 4,504 4,584 369 , 4,838 5,163 601 , 5,360 1,070 , 5,439 1,467 , 5,408 1,653 , 5,496 1,794 , 5,548 5,569 2,052 , 5,679
26 Norway 4,507 495 , 4,504 4,584 369 , 4,838 5,163 601 , 5,360 1,070 , 5,439 1,467 , 5,408 1,653 , 5,496 1,794 , 5,548 5,569 2,052 , 5,679
27 Norway 4,507 495 , 4,504 4,584 369 , 4,838 5,163 601 , 5,360 1,070 , 5,439 1,467 , 5,408 1,653 , 5,496 1,794 , 5,548 5,569 2,052 , 5,679
28 Norway 4,507 495 , 4,504 4,584 369 , 4,838 5,163 601 , 5,360 1,070 , 5,439 1,467 , 5,408 1,653 , 5,496 1,794 , 5,548 5,569 2,052 , 5,679
29 Norway 4,507 495 , 4,504 4,584 369 , 4,838 5,163 601 , 5,360 1,070 , 5,439 1,467 , 5,408 1,653 , 5,496 1,794 , 5,548 5,569 2,052 , 5,679
30 Poland 1,534 1,596 1,616 1,548 1,595 1,604 1,585 1,672 1,662 1,735 1,851 2,036
31 Italy 1,215 1,236 1,406 1,501 1,573 1,614 1,713 1,736 1,779 1,853 1,943 2,007
32 Latvia 1,372 1,433 1,473 1,789 1,914 2,038 1,710 1,864 1,913 1,916 1,802 1,884
33 Bulgaria 1,223 1,262 1,309 1,356 1,480 1,515 1,604 1,482 1,618 1,547 1,693 1,833
34 Tunisia 1,159 1,320 1,478 1,580 1,088 1,218 1,491 1,384 1,429 1,623 1,793 1,803
35 Serbia 964 1,095 1,149 1,213 1,299 1,314 1,381 1,465
36 Croatia 1,315 1,605 1,308 1,323 1,407 1,542 1,601 1,646 1,592 1,560 1,529 1,437
37 Argentina 720 769 814 886 968 1,028 1,033 1,121 1,177 1,199 1,194 1,202
38 Argentina 720 769 814 886 968 1,028 1,033 1,121 1,177 1,199 1,194 1,202
39 Argentina 720 769 814 886 968 1,028 1,033 1,121 1,177 1,199 1,194 1,202
40 Argentina 720 769 814 886 968 1,028 1,033 1,121 1,177 1,199 1,194 1,202
41 Argentina 720 769 814 886 968 1,028 1,033 1,121 1,177 1,199 1,194 1,202
42 Argentina 720 769 814 886 968 1,028 1,033 1,121 1,177 1,199 1,194 1,202
43 Turkey 492 504 577 621 714 751 811 890 981 1,097 1,169 1,157
44 China 667 712 857 932 1,079 1,200 864 903 978 1,036 1,089 1,113
45 Ukraine 1,479 1,459 1,432 1,350 1,332 1,262 1,235 1,165 1,026
46 Thailand 277 311 322 331 543 974
47 Romania 956 973 1,072 897 896 935 940 974 800 903 938 922
48 Cyprus 491 574 660 714 752 748 801 820 819 777 772 750
49 Egypt 636 442 437 497 496 522 544 682
50 Moldova 702 712 621 605 628 713 699 663 679 671 644 652
51 Georgia 562 585
52 Uruguay 274 481 549 525 537 529 504
53 Chile 337 358 289 320 353 391 335 428
54 Bahrain 50 362
55 Bosnia 61 63 66 175 194 151 217 267
56 Iraq 371 381 402 416 425 68
57 Switzerland 3,451 3,288 4,481
58 Venezuela 95 105 121 146 163 187 182 200 228 291
World 1,207 1,282
59 Senegal 260 275 370 361
60 Zimbabwe 90
61 Uzbekistan 534
62 Angola 52
63 Sri lanka 137 93 99 106 111
64 USA 4,911 4,708 3,718 3,782 3,758 3,912 4,072 3,867 4,011 4,019
65 Algeria 168
66 South Africa 303 379 358 379 389 385 388 363 385 405
67 USA 4,911 4,708 3,718 3,782 3,758 3,912 4,072 3,867 4,011 4,019
68 USA 4,911 4,708 3,718 3,782 3,758 3,912 4,072 3,867 4,011 4,019
69 Panama 97 96 104 105 166 132 111 117 119 38 39
70 Kenya 57 231
71 Kazakhstan 405 375 347 369 384 610 734
72 Kuwait 168 170 170 164 186 149 140 133 127 128
73 Albania 157
74 Colombia 140 156 126 143 161 176 183 193 177 148 152
75 Costa rica 132 108 124 263 998 1,233 1,327 340 358
76 Iran 713 748 712 738 691
77 Ecuador 50 71 65 103 118 141 180
78 Iceland 6,617 7,262 7,976 7,230 7,443 7,970 7,035 5,993
79 India 135 157
80 Indonesia 90
81 Mexico 323 378 400 326 335 327 368 312 323
82 Morocco 651 644 660 725 852 857
83 Pakistan 83 165 166 151 167
84 Paraguay 81 86 72 77 50 169
85 Philippines 71 80 78 82 85 189
86 Australia 4,039 4,232 4,335 4,531
87 Oman 151 170 127
88 Bolivia 146 166
89 New Zealand 3,935 3,141 3,445 3,719 3,701 4,009
90 Nigeria 39
91 Canada 3,901 4,082 4,238 4,313 4,588 4,712 4,451 4,649 4,786 4,634 4,519
92 Brazil 496 545 580 589 603 619 656 698
93 Qatar 597
Researchers in R&D (per million people) (People)