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Indicator : Researchers in R&D (per million people) (People)
Description : Researchers in R&D are professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods, or systems and in the management of the projects concerned. Postgraduate PhD students (ISCED97 level 6) engaged in R&D are included.
Source : The World Bank
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
INDICATOR TYPE
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Researchers in R&D (per million people) (People)

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
1 Denmark Denmark 4,621 4,845 5,201 5,302 5,519 6,497 6,660 6,744 7,026 7,156 7,168 7,198
2 Finland Finland 8,008 7,846 7,545 7,673 7,373 7,692 7,649 7,717 7,414 7,460 7,188 6,986
3 South Korea South Korea 3,244 3,336 3,777 4,175 4,604 4,868 5,001 5,380 5,853 6,362 6,457 6,899
4 Sweden Sweden 5,393 5,434 6,091 6,133 5,005 5,443 5,085 5,256 5,147 5,164 6,670 6,868
5 Singapore Singapore 4,901 5,134 5,292 5,425 5,769 5,741 6,149 6,307 6,496 6,442 6,665 6,659
6 Norway Norway 4,507 4,504 4,584 4,838 5,163 5,360 5,439 5,408 5,496 5,548 5,569 5,679
7 Japan Japan 5,170 5,176 5,360 5,387 5,378 5,158 5,148 5,153 5,160 5,084 5,201 5,386
8 Austria Austria 3,171 3,457 3,531 3,816 4,142 4,146 4,359 4,406 4,653 4,763 4,815
9 Luxembourg Luxembourg 4,367 4,504 4,864 4,412 4,636 4,716 4,829 5,145 5,444 4,339 4,595 4,577
10 Netherlands Netherlands 2,714 2,983 2,930 3,241 3,101 3,071 2,833 3,229 3,675 4,372 4,561 4,478
11 Germany Germany 3,261 3,274 3,350 3,452 3,597 3,752 3,941 4,078 4,211 4,379 4,400 4,381
12 UK UK 3,635 3,823 4,129 4,188 4,132 4,084 4,116 4,091 3,979 4,029 4,186 4,252
13 France France 3,203 3,340 3,307 3,418 3,580 3,654 3,741 3,868 3,940 4,073 4,170 4,201
14 Belgium Belgium 3,001 3,128 3,138 3,281 3,393 3,412 3,522 3,736 3,879 4,115 4,156 4,176
15 Slovenia Slovenia 1,893 2,017 2,631 2,920 3,098 3,463 3,645 3,753 4,261 4,307 4,217 4,150
16 Ireland Ireland 2,503 2,695 2,756 2,835 2,893 3,237 3,113 3,070 3,282 3,422 3,606 3,732
17 Portugal Portugal 1,934 1,969 2,016 2,344 2,671 3,820 3,761 3,923 4,172 4,042 3,615 3,700
18 Czech Republic Czech Republic 1,550 1,598 2,362 2,557 2,699 2,865 2,749 2,782 2,913 3,150 3,250 3,418
19 Estonia Estonia 2,232 2,498 2,457 2,603 2,745 2,970 3,229 3,061 3,397 3,461 3,339 3,284
20 Russia Russia 3,365 3,310 3,235 3,240 3,276 3,153 3,090 3,088 3,125 3,094 3,073 3,102
21 Lithuania Lithuania 1,916 2,143 2,284 2,414 2,594 2,619 2,676 2,754 2,732 2,660 2,887 2,961
22 Slovakia Slovakia 1,780 1,981 2,028 2,186 2,291 2,332 2,460 2,808 2,832 2,820 2,718 2,719
23 Greece Greece 1,407 1,770 1,794 1,888 2,212 2,232 2,644 2,716
24 Hungary Hungary 1,498 1,474 1,573 1,741 1,728 1,841 1,999 2,131 2,304 2,394 2,523 2,651
25 Spain Spain 2,201 2,363 2,502 2,600 2,712 2,859 2,890 2,889 2,788 2,718 2,653 2,642
26 Malaysia Malaysia 495 369 601 1,070 1,467 1,653 1,794 2,052
27 Poland Poland 1,534 1,596 1,616 1,548 1,595 1,604 1,585 1,672 1,662 1,735 1,851 2,036
28 Italy Italy 1,215 1,236 1,406 1,501 1,573 1,614 1,713 1,736 1,779 1,853 1,943 2,007
29 Latvia Latvia 1,372 1,433 1,473 1,789 1,914 2,038 1,710 1,864 1,913 1,916 1,802 1,884
30 Bulgaria Bulgaria 1,223 1,262 1,309 1,356 1,480 1,515 1,604 1,482 1,618 1,547 1,693 1,833
31 Tunisia Tunisia 1,159 1,320 1,478 1,580 1,088 1,218 1,491 1,384 1,429 1,623 1,793 1,803
32 Serbia Serbia 964 1,095 1,149 1,213 1,299 1,314 1,381 1,465
33 Croatia Croatia 1,315 1,605 1,308 1,323 1,407 1,542 1,601 1,646 1,592 1,560 1,529 1,437
34 Argentina Argentina 720 769 814 886 968 1,028 1,033 1,121 1,177 1,199 1,194 1,202
35 Turkey Turkey 492 504 577 621 714 751 811 890 981 1,097 1,169 1,157
36 China China 667 712 857 932 1,079 1,200 864 903 978 1,036 1,089 1,113
37 Ukraine Ukraine 1,479 1,459 1,432 1,350 1,332 1,262 1,235 1,165 1,026
38 Thailand Thailand 277 311 322 331 543 974
39 Romania Romania 956 973 1,072 897 896 935 940 974 800 903 938 922
40 Cyprus Cyprus 491 574 660 714 752 748 801 820 819 777 772 750
41 Egypt Egypt 636 442 437 497 496 522 544 682
42 Moldova Moldova 702 712 621 605 628 713 699 663 679 671 644 652
43 Georgia Georgia 562 585
44 Uruguay Uruguay 274 481 549 525 537 529 504
45 Chile Chile 337 358 289 320 353 391 335 428
46 Bahrain Bahrain 50 362
47 Bosnia Bosnia 61 63 66 175 194 151 217 267
48 Iraq Iraq 371 381 402 416 425 68
49 South Africa South Africa 303 379 358 379 389 385 388 363 385 405
50 Switzerland Switzerland 3,451 3,288 4,481
51 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 534
52 Venezuela Venezuela 95 105 121 146 163 187 182 200 228 291
53 USA USA 4,911 4,708 3,718 3,782 3,758 3,912 4,072 3,867 4,011 4,019
54 Sri lanka Sri lanka 137 93 99 106 111
55 Senegal Senegal 260 275 370 361
World World 1,207 1,282
56 Qatar Qatar 597
57 Albania Albania 157
58 Philippines Philippines 71 80 78 82 85 189
59 Indonesia Indonesia 90
60 Angola Angola 52
61 Australia Australia 4,039 4,232 4,335 4,531
62 Bolivia Bolivia 146 166
63 Brazil Brazil 496 545 580 589 603 619 656 698
64 Canada Canada 3,901 4,082 4,238 4,313 4,588 4,712 4,451 4,649 4,786 4,634 4,519
65 Colombia Colombia 140 156 126 143 161 176 183 193 177 148 152
66 Costa rica Costa rica 132 108 124 263 998 1,233 1,327 340 358
67 Ecuador Ecuador 50 71 65 103 118 141 180
68 Iceland Iceland 6,617 7,262 7,976 7,230 7,443 7,970 7,035 5,993
69 India India 135 157
70 Iran Iran 713 748 712 738 691
71 Paraguay Paraguay 81 86 72 77 50 169
72 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 405 375 347 369 384 610 734
73 Kenya Kenya 57 231
74 Kuwait Kuwait 168 170 170 164 186 149 140 133 127 128
75 Algeria Algeria 168
76 Mexico Mexico 323 378 400 326 335 327 368 312 323
77 Morocco Morocco 651 644 660 725 852 857
78 New Zealand New Zealand 3,935 3,141 3,445 3,719 3,701 4,009
79 Nigeria Nigeria 39
80 Oman Oman 151 170 127
81 Pakistan Pakistan 83 165 166 151 167
82 Panama Panama 97 96 104 105 166 132 111 117 119 38 39
83 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 90
Researchers in R&D (per million people) (People)