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Indicator : Research & development expenditure (Percent)
Description : Research & development expenditure (% of GDP)
Source : The World Bank
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
INDICATOR TYPE
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Research & development expenditure (Percent)

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
1 South Korea South Korea 2.49 2.68 2.63 2.83 3.00 3.12 3.29 3.47 3.74 4.03 4.15 4.29
2 Japan Japan 3.14 3.13 3.31 3.41 3.46 3.47 3.36 3.25 3.38 3.34 3.47 3.58
3 Finland Finland 3.44 3.45 3.33 3.34 3.35 3.55 3.75 3.73 3.64 3.42 3.30 3.17
4 Sweden Sweden 3.80 3.58 3.39 3.50 3.26 3.50 3.45 3.22 3.25 3.28 3.31 3.16
5 Denmark Denmark 2.58 2.48 2.39 2.40 2.51 2.78 3.07 2.94 2.97 3.03 3.08 3.08
6 Austria Austria 2.24 2.24 2.38 2.37 2.43 2.59 2.61 2.74 2.68 2.89 2.96 2.99
7 Germany Germany 2.54 2.50 2.42 2.46 2.45 2.60 2.73 2.71 2.80 2.87 2.83 2.87
8 Belgium Belgium 1.87 1.86 1.78 1.81 1.84 1.92 1.99 2.05 2.16 2.36 2.43 2.46
9 Slovenia Slovenia 1.27 1.39 1.41 1.53 1.42 1.63 1.82 2.06 2.42 2.58 2.60 2.39
10 France France 2.18 2.16 2.04 2.05 2.02 2.06 2.21 2.18 2.19 2.23 2.24 2.26
11 Singapore Singapore 2.05 2.13 2.16 2.13 2.34 2.62 2.16 2.01 2.15 2.00 2.00 2.19
12 China China 1.13 1.23 1.32 1.38 1.38 1.46 1.68 1.73 1.79 1.93 2.01 2.05
13 Czech Republic Czech Republic 1.20 1.20 1.17 1.23 1.31 1.24 1.30 1.34 1.56 1.79 1.91 2.00
14 Netherlands Netherlands 1.92 1.93 1.79 1.76 1.69 1.64 1.69 1.72 1.90 1.94 1.96 1.97
15 Iceland Iceland 2.82 2.70 2.92 2.58 2.54 2.66 2.49 1.87 1.89
16 Norway Norway 1.71 1.57 1.48 1.46 1.56 1.56 1.72 1.65 1.63 1.62 1.65 1.71
17 UK UK 1.75 1.68 1.63 1.65 1.68 1.69 1.74 1.69 1.69 1.62 1.66 1.70
18 Canada Canada 2.04 2.07 1.99 1.96 1.92 1.87 1.92 1.84 1.80 1.79 1.69 1.61
19 Ireland Ireland 1.16 1.22 1.19 1.20 1.23 1.39 1.61 1.61 1.53 1.56 1.54 1.52
20 Estonia Estonia 0.77 0.85 0.92 1.12 1.07 1.26 1.40 1.58 2.31 2.11 1.71 1.44
21 Hungary Hungary 0.94 0.88 0.93 0.99 0.96 0.99 1.14 1.15 1.20 1.27 1.40 1.37
22 Italy Italy 1.10 1.09 1.05 1.09 1.13 1.16 1.22 1.22 1.21 1.27 1.31 1.29
23 Portugal Portugal 0.71 0.74 0.76 0.95 1.12 1.45 1.58 1.53 1.46 1.38 1.33 1.29
24 Luxembourg Luxembourg 1.65 1.63 1.59 1.69 1.61 1.64 1.71 1.53 1.50 1.29 1.30 1.26
25 Malaysia Malaysia 0.60 0.61 0.79 1.01 1.04 1.03 1.09 1.26
26 Spain Spain 1.05 1.06 1.10 1.17 1.23 1.32 1.35 1.35 1.33 1.28 1.26 1.23
27 Russia Russia 1.29 1.15 1.07 1.07 1.12 1.04 1.25 1.13 1.09 1.13 1.13 1.19
28 Lithuania Lithuania 0.67 0.75 0.75 0.79 0.80 0.79 0.83 0.78 0.90 0.90 0.95 1.01
29 Turkey Turkey 0.48 0.52 0.59 0.58 0.72 0.73 0.85 0.84 0.86 0.92 0.94 1.01
30 Poland Poland 0.54 0.56 0.57 0.55 0.56 0.60 0.67 0.72 0.75 0.88 0.87 0.94
31 Slovakia Slovakia 0.57 0.51 0.50 0.48 0.45 0.46 0.47 0.62 0.66 0.81 0.83 0.89
32 Greece Greece 0.57 0.56 0.58 0.56 0.58 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.67 0.70 0.81 0.84
33 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.48 0.49 0.44 0.44 0.43 0.45 0.50 0.57 0.54 0.61 0.64 0.80
34 Croatia Croatia 0.96 1.05 0.86 0.74 0.79 0.88 0.84 0.74 0.75 0.75 0.82 0.79
35 Serbia Serbia 0.57 0.32 0.42 0.47 0.35 0.37 0.87 0.74 0.72 0.91 0.73 0.78
36 UAE UAE 0.49 0.70
37 Latvia Latvia 0.38 0.42 0.53 0.65 0.55 0.58 0.45 0.61 0.70 0.67 0.61 0.69
38 Egypt Egypt 0.27 0.24 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.43 0.43 0.53 0.54 0.68 0.68
39 Ukraine Ukraine 1.11 1.08 1.17 0.95 0.85 0.85 0.86 0.83 0.74 0.75 0.76 0.66
40 Tunisia Tunisia 0.66 0.90 0.71 0.68 0.67 0.64 0.71 0.69 0.71 0.68 0.66 0.64
41 Argentina Argentina 0.41 0.44 0.38 0.40 0.40 0.42 0.52 0.52 0.54 0.61 0.61 0.61
42 Mexico Mexico 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.37 0.37 0.40 0.43 0.45 0.43 0.43 0.50 0.54
43 Thailand Thailand 0.26 0.26 0.22 0.23 0.20 0.23 0.36 0.48
44 Cyprus Cyprus 0.35 0.37 0.37 0.39 0.40 0.39 0.45 0.45 0.46 0.43 0.46 0.47
45 Cuba Cuba 0.58 0.60 0.55 0.44 0.44 0.50 0.61 0.61 0.27 0.41 0.47 0.41
46 Chile Chile 0.31 0.37 0.35 0.33 0.35 0.36 0.39 0.38
47 Romania Romania 0.39 0.39 0.41 0.45 0.52 0.57 0.46 0.45 0.49 0.48 0.39 0.38
48 Moldova Moldova 0.32 0.35 0.40 0.41 0.55 0.53 0.53 0.44 0.40 0.42 0.35 0.37
49 Uruguay Uruguay 0.37 0.42 0.38 0.41 0.34 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.33
50 Bosnia Bosnia 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.27 0.33 0.26
51 Armenia Armenia 0.24 0.21 0.26 0.24 0.21 0.22 0.29 0.24 0.27 0.24 0.22 0.24
52 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.32 0.30 0.22 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.25 0.22 0.21 0.22 0.21 0.21
53 Colombia Colombia 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.18 0.19 0.19 0.20 0.21 0.21 0.26 0.20
54 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.20
55 Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 0.22 0.20 0.20 0.23 0.23 0.19 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.15 0.13
56 Bahrain Bahrain 0.10
57 Georgia Georgia 0.22 0.24 0.18 0.08 0.10
58 Iraq Iraq 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.04
59 Vietnam Vietnam 0.19
60 USA USA 2.61 2.55 2.51 2.55 2.63 2.77 2.82 2.74 2.76 2.70 2.73
61 Tajikistan Tajikistan 0.07 0.07 0.10 0.11 0.07 0.07 0.09 0.09 0.12 0.11 0.12
62 Switzerland Switzerland 2.90 2.73 2.97
63 Senegal Senegal 0.37 0.54
64 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.07
65 Sri lanka Sri lanka 0.18 0.17 0.11 0.14 0.10
66 South Africa South Africa 0.79 0.85 0.86 0.90 0.88 0.89 0.84 0.74 0.73 0.73
67 Albania Albania 0.09 0.15
68 Qatar Qatar 0.47
69 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.25 0.25 0.28 0.24 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.17
70 Australia Australia 1.85 2.18 2.40 2.38 2.25 2.20
71 Belarus Belarus 0.61 0.63 0.68 0.66 0.96 0.74 0.64 0.69 0.70 0.67 0.67
72 Bolivia Bolivia 0.16
73 Brazil Brazil 0.96 0.90 1.00 0.99 1.08 1.13 1.12 1.16 1.14 1.15 1.24
74 Costa rica Costa rica 0.36 0.37 0.43 0.36 0.40 0.54 0.48 0.47 0.57 0.56
75 Ecuador Ecuador 0.07 0.13 0.13 0.23 0.39 0.40 0.34
76 India India 0.71 0.74 0.81 0.80 0.79 0.84 0.82 0.80 0.82
77 Indonesia Indonesia 0.08 0.08
78 Iran Iran 0.67 0.59 0.64 0.58 0.67 0.28 0.28 0.33
79 Jordan Jordan 0.43
80 Kenya Kenya 0.36 0.79
81 Philippines Philippines 0.13 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.14
82 Kuwait Kuwait 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.30
83 Algeria Algeria 0.20 0.16 0.07
84 Morocco Morocco 0.66 0.04 0.64
85 Nepal Nepal 0.05 0.26 0.30
86 New Zealand New Zealand 1.17 1.12 1.16 1.26 1.25 1.17
87 Nigeria Nigeria 0.22
88 Oman Oman 0.14 0.21 0.17
89 Pakistan Pakistan 0.44 0.63 0.45 0.33 0.29
90 Panama Panama 0.34 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.18 0.19 0.14 0.15 0.18 0.08 0.07
91 Paraguay Paraguay 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.09
92 Peru Peru 0.10 0.15
World World 2.09 2.04 1.99 2.00 1.97 2.03 2.06 2.06 2.05 2.13 2.13
Research & development expenditure (Percent)