REPORT TOOLBOX
INFO
Indicator : Research & development expenditure (Percent)
Description : Research & development expenditure (% of GDP)
Source : The World Bank
CHART TYPE Disabled in table mode
INDICATOR TYPE
ZONE
COUNTRIES
YEAR

Research & development expenditure (Percent)

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1 South Korea South Korea 2.49 2.68 2.63 2.83 3.00 3.12 3.29 3.47 3.74 4.03 4.15 4.29 4.55
2 Sweden Sweden 3.80 3.58 3.39 3.50 3.26 3.50 3.45 3.22 3.25 3.28 3.31 3.16 3.31
3 Japan Japan 3.14 3.13 3.31 3.41 3.46 3.47 3.36 3.25 3.38 3.34 3.47 3.58 3.20
4 Austria Austria 2.24 2.24 2.38 2.37 2.43 2.59 2.61 2.74 2.68 2.89 2.96 2.99 3.16
5 Denmark Denmark 2.58 2.48 2.39 2.40 2.51 2.78 3.07 2.94 2.97 3.03 3.08 3.08 3.10
6 Germany Germany 2.54 2.50 2.42 2.46 2.45 2.60 2.73 2.71 2.80 2.87 2.83 2.87 3.04
7 USA USA 2.61 2.55 2.51 2.55 2.63 2.77 2.82 2.74 2.76 2.70 2.73 2.80
8 Finland Finland 3.44 3.45 3.33 3.34 3.35 3.55 3.75 3.73 3.64 3.42 3.30 3.17 2.76
9 Belgium Belgium 1.87 1.86 1.78 1.81 1.84 1.92 1.99 2.05 2.16 2.36 2.43 2.46 2.61
10 France France 2.18 2.16 2.04 2.05 2.02 2.06 2.21 2.18 2.19 2.23 2.24 2.26 2.19
11 Iceland Iceland 2.82 2.70 2.92 2.58 2.54 2.66 2.49 1.87 1.89 2.18
12 China China 1.13 1.23 1.32 1.38 1.38 1.46 1.68 1.73 1.79 1.93 2.01 2.05 2.13
13 Norway Norway 1.71 1.57 1.48 1.46 1.56 1.56 1.72 1.65 1.63 1.62 1.65 1.71 2.11
14 Netherlands Netherlands 1.92 1.93 1.79 1.76 1.69 1.64 1.69 1.72 1.90 1.94 1.96 1.97 2.00
15 Slovenia Slovenia 1.27 1.39 1.41 1.53 1.42 1.63 1.82 2.06 2.42 2.58 2.60 2.39 1.85
16 Czech Republic Czech Republic 1.20 1.20 1.17 1.23 1.31 1.24 1.30 1.34 1.56 1.79 1.91 2.00 1.79
17 UK UK 1.75 1.68 1.63 1.65 1.68 1.69 1.74 1.69 1.69 1.62 1.66 1.70 1.67
18 Canada Canada 2.04 2.07 1.99 1.96 1.92 1.87 1.92 1.84 1.80 1.79 1.69 1.61 1.59
19 Italy Italy 1.10 1.09 1.05 1.09 1.13 1.16 1.22 1.22 1.21 1.27 1.31 1.29 1.36
20 Hungary Hungary 0.94 0.88 0.93 0.99 0.96 0.99 1.14 1.15 1.20 1.27 1.40 1.37 1.35
21 Portugal Portugal 0.71 0.74 0.76 0.95 1.12 1.45 1.58 1.53 1.46 1.38 1.33 1.29 1.33
22 Estonia Estonia 0.77 0.85 0.92 1.12 1.07 1.26 1.40 1.58 2.31 2.11 1.71 1.44 1.32
23 Luxembourg Luxembourg 1.65 1.63 1.59 1.69 1.61 1.64 1.71 1.53 1.50 1.29 1.30 1.26 1.25
24 Spain Spain 1.05 1.06 1.10 1.17 1.23 1.32 1.35 1.35 1.33 1.28 1.26 1.23 1.21
25 Greece Greece 0.57 0.56 0.58 0.56 0.58 0.66 0.63 0.60 0.67 0.70 0.81 0.84 1.14
26 Russia Russia 1.29 1.15 1.07 1.07 1.12 1.04 1.25 1.13 1.09 1.13 1.13 1.19 1.11
27 Poland Poland 0.54 0.56 0.57 0.55 0.56 0.60 0.67 0.72 0.75 0.88 0.87 0.94 1.04
28 Ireland Ireland 1.16 1.22 1.19 1.20 1.23 1.39 1.61 1.61 1.53 1.56 1.54 1.52 1.04
29 Turkey Turkey 0.48 0.52 0.59 0.58 0.72 0.73 0.85 0.84 0.86 0.92 0.94 1.01 0.96
30 Serbia Serbia 0.57 0.32 0.42 0.47 0.35 0.37 0.87 0.74 0.72 0.91 0.73 0.78 0.93
31 Lithuania Lithuania 0.67 0.75 0.75 0.79 0.80 0.79 0.83 0.78 0.90 0.90 0.95 1.01 0.89
32 Slovakia Slovakia 0.57 0.51 0.50 0.48 0.45 0.46 0.47 0.62 0.66 0.81 0.83 0.89 0.88
33 Croatia Croatia 0.96 1.05 0.86 0.74 0.79 0.88 0.84 0.74 0.75 0.75 0.82 0.79 0.87
34 Bulgaria Bulgaria 0.48 0.49 0.44 0.44 0.43 0.45 0.50 0.57 0.54 0.61 0.64 0.80 0.77
35 Egypt Egypt 0.27 0.24 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.43 0.43 0.53 0.54 0.68 0.68 0.61
36 Belarus Belarus 0.61 0.63 0.68 0.66 0.96 0.74 0.64 0.69 0.70 0.67 0.67 0.59
37 Cyprus Cyprus 0.35 0.37 0.37 0.39 0.40 0.39 0.45 0.45 0.46 0.43 0.46 0.47 0.57
38 Vietnam Vietnam 0.19 0.53
39 Algeria Algeria 0.20 0.16 0.07 0.53
40 Latvia Latvia 0.38 0.42 0.53 0.65 0.55 0.58 0.45 0.61 0.70 0.67 0.61 0.69 0.51
41 Romania Romania 0.39 0.39 0.41 0.45 0.52 0.57 0.46 0.45 0.49 0.48 0.39 0.38 0.50
42 Ukraine Ukraine 1.11 1.08 1.17 0.95 0.85 0.85 0.86 0.83 0.74 0.75 0.76 0.66 0.45
43 Moldova Moldova 0.32 0.35 0.40 0.41 0.55 0.53 0.53 0.44 0.40 0.42 0.35 0.37 0.30
44 Georgia Georgia 0.22 0.24 0.18 0.08 0.10 0.29
45 Pakistan Pakistan 0.44 0.63 0.45 0.33 0.29 0.24
46 Indonesia Indonesia 0.08 0.08 0.24
47 Colombia Colombia 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.18 0.19 0.19 0.20 0.21 0.21 0.26 0.20 0.24
48 Armenia Armenia 0.24 0.21 0.26 0.24 0.21 0.22 0.29 0.24 0.27 0.24 0.22 0.24 0.23
49 Oman Oman 0.14 0.21 0.17 0.22
50 Bosnia Bosnia 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.27 0.33 0.26 0.20
51 Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 0.32 0.30 0.22 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.25 0.22 0.21 0.22 0.21 0.21 0.19
52 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 0.20 0.19
53 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 0.25 0.25 0.28 0.24 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.13
54 Tajikistan Tajikistan 0.07 0.07 0.10 0.11 0.07 0.07 0.09 0.09 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.12
55 Peru Peru 0.10 0.15 0.12
56 Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 0.22 0.20 0.20 0.23 0.23 0.19 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.15 0.13 0.11
57 Kuwait Kuwait 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.30 0.08
58 Iraq Iraq 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04
59 Singapore Singapore 2.05 2.13 2.16 2.13 2.34 2.62 2.16 2.01 2.15 2.00 2.00 2.19 2.22
60 Senegal Senegal 0.37 0.54 0.75
61 Venezuela Venezuela 0.12
62 South Africa South Africa 0.79 0.85 0.86 0.90 0.88 0.89 0.84 0.74 0.73 0.73 0.82
63 Thailand Thailand 0.26 0.26 0.22 0.23 0.20 0.23 0.36 0.48 0.78
64 Uruguay Uruguay 0.37 0.42 0.38 0.41 0.34 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.33 0.41
65 Sri lanka Sri lanka 0.18 0.17 0.11 0.14 0.10 0.11
66 UAE UAE 0.49 0.70 0.96
67 Switzerland Switzerland 2.90 2.73 2.97 3.37
68 Syria Syria 0.01
69 Tunisia Tunisia 0.66 0.90 0.71 0.68 0.67 0.64 0.71 0.69 0.71 0.68 0.66 0.64 0.60
70 Albania Albania 0.09 0.15
71 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.07
72 Iran Iran 0.67 0.59 0.64 0.58 0.67 0.28 0.28 0.33
73 Argentina Argentina 0.41 0.44 0.38 0.40 0.40 0.42 0.52 0.52 0.54 0.61 0.61 0.61 0.53
74 Australia Australia 1.85 2.18 2.40 2.38 2.25 2.20 1.92
75 Bahrain Bahrain 0.10
76 Bolivia Bolivia 0.16
77 Brazil Brazil 0.96 0.90 1.00 0.99 1.08 1.13 1.12 1.16 1.14 1.15 1.24 1.27
78 Chile Chile 0.31 0.37 0.35 0.33 0.35 0.36 0.39 0.38 0.36
79 Costa rica Costa rica 0.36 0.37 0.43 0.36 0.40 0.54 0.48 0.47 0.57 0.56 0.46
80 Cuba Cuba 0.58 0.60 0.55 0.44 0.44 0.50 0.61 0.61 0.27 0.41 0.47 0.41 0.35
81 Ecuador Ecuador 0.07 0.13 0.13 0.23 0.39 0.40 0.34
82 India India 0.71 0.74 0.81 0.80 0.79 0.84 0.82 0.80 0.82 0.62
83 Jordan Jordan 0.43 0.72
84 Qatar Qatar 0.47 0.51
85 Kenya Kenya 0.36 0.79
86 Malaysia Malaysia 0.60 0.61 0.79 1.01 1.04 1.03 1.09 1.26 1.44
87 Mexico Mexico 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.37 0.37 0.40 0.43 0.45 0.43 0.43 0.50 0.54 0.49
88 Morocco Morocco 0.66 0.04 0.64
89 Nepal Nepal 0.05 0.26 0.30
90 New Zealand New Zealand 1.17 1.12 1.16 1.26 1.25 1.17 1.23
91 Nigeria Nigeria 0.22
92 Panama Panama 0.34 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.18 0.19 0.14 0.15 0.18 0.08 0.07
93 Paraguay Paraguay 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.09 0.15
94 Philippines Philippines 0.13 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.14
World World 2.09 2.04 1.99 2.00 1.97 2.03 2.06 2.06 2.05 2.13 2.13
Research & development expenditure (Percent)